After the Civil War and during the reconstruction time period for African Americans, the discussion of abolition and accommodation began. Even being free, blacks did not have equal rights to the white man and were not free from discrimination. Both the white and black populations split and argued for equality through submission or through demands. Booker T. Washington wrote the “Atlanta Compromise” to portray his ideas that the black population needs to submit to the white population to gain their equalities later on in time. Abolitionists such as W. E. B. Du Bois and Frederick Douglass disagreed with Washington’s ideas and instead wanted equal rights to earn their place in society. Booker T. Washington proposed the “Atlanta Compromise” …show more content…
E. B. DuBois was a white civil rights leader during the nineteenth century. In 1903, DuBois critiqued Booker T. Washington’s “Atlanta Compromise” in an essay called “Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others” within his book, The Souls of Black Folk . DuBois asked for political power, insistence on civil rights, and higher education for African Americans. Booker T. Washington’s speech was looked at by many and to the radicals it looked like a “complete surrender of the demand for civil and political equality”(DuBois) for the entire African American population. Abolitionists such as Frederick Douglass and W. E. B. DuBois disagreed with the idea of accommodation and submission. The “fire of African freedom still burned in the veins of the slaves”(DuBois) and the “Atlanta Compromise” caused a rage of anger in the black people. Blacks heard of revolts in other countries where discriminated populations demanded their civil rights from oppressors and it inspired the African Americans to start a civil rights era. Washington believed that his speech would help his people gain their civil rights rather than demanding for equality but many realized that Washington’s way was making people lose their rights they already achieved such as voting, working, and moving as freemen. DuBois uses lists of three to help get his points across that Washington’s ideas were ridiculous and caused even more troubles for the African Americans than there already were. Washington asked blacks to give up
Around the end of the 19th century, there lived many people wanting equality between races. Two main leaders of the African American community that emerged during that time were W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington. All though both of these men were fighting for the same cause, they disagreed greatly with each other relating to the strategies that could be used to create progress in both the social and economic aspects of how African Americans lived and were treated. The two conflicting philosophies of these men are still affecting how we think of racial inequality, social class injustice, and much more; to this day.
Both Washington and DuBois believed that the issues pertaining to race should be solved. Although they agree with each other, they are different in some aspects. Both Washington and DuBois agree that education is an important factor in improving conditions for African Americans. Along with that, both men think that there should be equality for every race and that civil rights should be available to everyone regardless of the race. Another thing that both men agree on is that lynching should be banned.
Booker T Washington writes the book “Up From Slavery”; in this book, he writes about being born a slave and growing up battling to get his education after the Civil War. He talks about the battle and speeches he had given to try to express the necessity of the Negros to be equal. “I tried to emphasize the fact that while the Negro should not be deprived by unfair means of the franchise…and that no race without these elements could permanently succeed.” (Washington 208). Washington is saying that many Negros were denied rights due to their color, and in fact, he felt that the Congress should help out.
Atlanta Exposition Argumentative Essay Civil rights activist, Booker T. Washington in his address “Atlanta Exposition” delivers and influential speech about equality of race in the South. Washington's purpose is to appeal to white southerners and importance of the common interests between African-Americans and whites. He adopts a persuasive tone in order to convince both African American and white southerners that they can achieve progress but separately. Washington begins by addressing the population of African Americans in the south.
Progressiveness of African American Rights in America It is a common belief that after the Civil War had ended, African Americans had become free and became apart of society with the rest of America. However, not only did many slaves not gain freedom until months after the war had ended, but discrimination of African Americans was still heavily prominent in American society. This gave rise to many inspirational African American figures such as Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois that spread their ideals on how to solve the issue. This debate grew rapidly in the early late 1800’s when a man by the name of Booker T. Washington had many ideas for the future of African American rights.
This work by Booker T. Washington, “The Atlanta Exposition Address”, or also known as “The Atlanta Compromise”, was a speech given in 1895 at the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta that had a lasting impact not only to the crowd listening, but to the nation as a whole. Booker T. Washington was admired and appreciated by many black Americans. Although, everyone in the African American Community admired his overall achievements leading up to his speech in Atlanta, some of his ideas and thoughts became very controversial within the black community and possibly encouraged the Jim Crow era by proposing the ideology of separate but equal. “The Atlanta Exposition Address,” was significant in shaping history because it; sparked a split and debate within the African American community over the ideas Booker T. Washington proposed in the address, and simultaneously affected the nation as a whole with future laws passed off the basis of Washington’s ideology. To understand the context of where Booker T. Washington’s stance is in the address, people must first understand Washington’s background and his audience during the speech.
In response to this, W. E. B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington proposed their own plan to fight for equality. Although both plans have their advantages, Dubois’ plan offers a more effective method to the path of equality because it establishes Blacks into American Society and did not make them
In the mid-to-late 1800s the African American community faced opposition and segregation. They were segregated from the whites and treated as second-class citizens. This segregation was caused in part by Jim Crow laws. Jim Crow laws separated races in schools, hospitals, parks, public buildings, and transportation systems. Both Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois had ideas on how to improve African American lives, Washington believed in starting at the bottom and working up whereas Du Bois had an opposing viewpoint he saw starting from the bottom as submissive and believed African Americans should hold important jobs in order to demand equal treatment.
Achieving African American Equality Booker T. Washington and W.E.B Du Bois were two of the most influential advocates for African American equality during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries (Blatty, 1). Although both men ultimately had the same goal, their methods for achieving African American equality were remarkably different. To begin, the men had conflicting ideas about what constituted as African American equality. Booker T. Washington argued that the accumulation of wealth and the ability to prove that Blacks were productive members of society would be the mark of true equality for African Americans (Painter, 155).
W.E.B DuBois’ plan was smarter than Booker T. Washington’s because DuBois’ plan was to fight for the rights of African Americans, and give people a good and equal education. Booker T Washington’s plan was to ignore segregation and discrimination so he can just focus on the wealth and education of former slaves to win over the whites acceptance. One part of DuBois’ plan was the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, NAACP. This Association was one of the most influential civil rights organization. It “focused on legal strategies designed to confront the critical civil rights issues.”.
He believed that African American economic gains were not secure unless there was political power to safeguard them. “I think, though, that the opportunity to freely exercise such political rights will not come in any large degree through outside or artificial forcing…" (Washington 234). They both believed in equality. Although one believed in used force and military movements the other used writing to reach his audience. While there were many points of contention between Washington and DuBois, there were similarities in their philosophies as well.
In 1895, one-third of the population of the south is of the African American race. This contributed to the racial tension. In The Souls of Black Folks by W.E.B. Du Bois called “Of Our Spiritual Strivings,” his point of view is how does it feel to be the problem? African Americans have to put up a veil and be compelled to live a double life. In the “Atlanta Compromise” by Booker T. Washington, his point of view is that African Americans need to work through a struggling progress in order to earn equality.
Booker T. Washington was born a slave and worked as a janitor to get through school. Whereas W.E.B. Du Bois was born in the North and faced very little discrimination, and had an easier time getting into College. They were well educated, and the only difference between them was how they were raised in different environments. Both were on the journey to improve African American’s social and political status in America. However, they had different methods for getting what they wanted.
Thesis statement: The two great leaders in the black community debating about the issues that face the Negro race and Du Bois gave a compelling argument by using pathos, logos and ethos to create an essay that will appear to all readers. Outline: This essay will showcase the contradicting philosophies between W.E.B Du Bois and Booker T. Washington. Also, paying close attention to the different types of leadership between the two historic leaders in the black community. Both W.E.B Du Bois and Booker T. Washington contributed to and helped shape the future of African Americans.