While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different. The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817).
Reflection of this conflict was apparent in the American ethos, in which Americans feared that if “world communism captur[ed] any American state…a new and perilous front…will increase the danger to the entire free world and require even greater sacrifices from the American people” (Document B). As illustrated by Eisenhower, “the hysteria” of communism propagating into American society and threatening the American way of life was a very prevalent fear at the forefront of the Cold War (Document A). McCarthyism, a system established by Senator Joseph McCarthy in which he made unsubstantiated accusations of subversion or treason to America, acted as the culmination of this hysteria, directly reflecting the sentiments driving the American people. Eisenhower did not engage in any domestic policies to quell these “multiplicity of fears” (Document A). Instead he compounded them with legislation such as the “National System of Interstate and Defense Highways…connect[ing] 209 of the 247 cities having a population of 50,00 more and [serving as] the country’s principal…defense” (Document D).
The whole conflict started with the Soviet Union being communist and the U.S. being capitalist. The U.S. was afraid of communism spreading through Europe and the rest of the world, so we started “fighting” the USSR in many indirect ways. There were many differences in opinions between the two countries, and that led to many different conflicts,
As for the Soviets, the goal was to avoid a unification of Korea. Korea became known as an “ideological battleground.” With the creation of two Korean governments it led to the partition of the peninsula. The historical significance of the Korean War is that until this day the Korean peninsula remains a watchful concern for the U.S. In the Shadow of the Greatest Generation: The Americans Who Fought the Korean War, written in 2012, Melinda L. Pash mentions the effect of the conflict on soldiers when they returned.
The Cold War was a direct conflict of ideas between Democracy and Communism. International politics were heavily shaped by the intense rivalry between these two great blocs of power and the political ideologies they represented: democracy in the case of the United States and its allies, and Communism in the case of the Soviet bloc. While the United States accused the USSR of seeking to expand Communism in Europe and Asia, the USSR viewed itself as the leader of history 's progressive forces and charged the United States with attempting to stamp out revolutionary activity wherever it arose. In 1946 and 1947, russia/solviet union helped bring Communist governments to power in Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and
By analyzing different perspectives of the countries that are blamed for starting Cold War and the ideologies that were imposed in the other countries. Two different political systems led to further conflicts of the Cold War. The Soviet Union during the Cold War was a communist country. Stalin wanted to expand the spirit of communism in the world. The United States in the other had was threatened by the spread of the communist countries in the world.
Violent imagery is quite key to the strategies of propaganda in the Cold War. As mentioned in the earlier post, both sides based their propaganda on the criticism of the opposing ideology and state. However, the more extreme strategies were employed in raising hostility towards the opponent among the population and in the world. One of the examples is the period of ‘Hate America’ campaign that showed a lot of aggression towards the US, for instance, as in the course of the Korean war communist propagandists were accusing the United States in torturing the prisoners of war and using biological warfare. (Belmonte, 47)
The most notable war fought during the Cold War era was the Vietnam war, 1955, also known as the Resistance War Against America (Garthoff, 40). The war was fought between communist allies, such as Soviet Union and China, who supported North Vietnam and anti-communist allies, such as United States and Australia, who supported South Vietnam (Lippman,
The U.S. formed the House of Un-American Activities, which checked just about every foreign person for them being a spy. This action made every foreigner a suspect. On top of that the HUAC would attack anyone in their way and claim it was justified because they feared the Communists invading their nation. So domestic wise the
However, without Stalin’s approval Mao did not intervene outside China until the Korean War allowed China to present itself as a liberator and champion against “imperialists.” Following Stalin’s death, the international perception of the Soviet Union was a state plagued with chaos and disunity, prompting Mao to consider himself the true successor to Stalin and the leader of the international communist movement. Moreover, China’s nuclear program and rivalry with the Soviet Union led to China being seen as an independent actor, not aligned with either superpower and open to cooperation with the west on its own terms. Overall, the texts
The Cold War was a state of heightened tension between the United States and Soviet Union due to both nations trying to promote their systems of government. This war played a huge role in bringing out the fear of communism in the U.S.. In mid twentieth century America, citizens believed that preventing communism would result in the nation's security (“Cold War History”). This belief initiated the second Red Scare in America. The popular fear of communism that was running rampant all over the United States at the time resulted in reckless actions made by the government.
The Allied victory in World War Two did not create a lasting peace as tensions arose between different ideological views. The Cold War became a period of extreme ideological challenges which attempted to enforce a new economic and political structure on the world. It is clear through Winston Churchill’s ‘Iron Curtain Speech’ that imperial struggle still existed in the world as the West saw the Soviet sphere of influence as an issue to “the safety of the world.” Stalin attempted to justify the military and USSR influence in Eastern Europe as a safety net to prevent external imperial influence. Russia’s satellite countries also allowed for the spread of imperial influence and ensure a similar event to World War Two would not occur near the USSR