The Cold War was an icy rivalry that developed between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II. This rivalry first developed because the two conflicting nations had different ideas of successful economies. The United States believed that capitalism, in which private owners control trade and industry was more efficient than Communism, in which the state or government control trade and industry. In addition, many of the events that occurred at The Yalta Conference played a significant role in the cause of this era of competition that lasted from 1947 to 1991. At Yalta, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin agreed that Poland’s government would include members of the pre-war Polish government and that free elections would be held
The Cold War Era started in 1946 and lasted until 1989 when the Berlin war fell signifying its end. Many events happened through this time period that shaped American culture and brought us to where we are today. It all started in march 1947, which reflected the combativeness of president Harry Truman. Secretary George c Marshall told Europe that that policy of the United States was not directed “ against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation and chaos.” in 1947 the brutish announced that they could no longer support the pro western governments of the Mediterranean in their fight against communism. If the US could not take up the burden the whole region was in danger of falling under communist roll. March 12th
The first act of containment was seen in 1947 when the Truman Doctrine occurred. In February of 1947, Britain informed America that they could not protect the Greek, nor Turkey, governments from communist guerrillas. The United States then decided that they were going to undertake Britain’s role as the central power in the Mediterranean, because Truman
Though the end of World War II made the United States a global superpower, it also prompted new challenges for the President to tackle. Diverging aims for the postwar world divided the previous World War II Allies, and sparked a Cold War which heightened tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. The struggle to contain Communism abroad as well as the unresolved issue of crippling inequality at home called for a strong leader to make effective use of his authority and firmly resolve these issues. From 1945 to 1964, Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, and Lyndon B. Johnson emphasized Cold War Liberalism, which supported equality and democracy while combatting Communism abroad. Similar to Social Welfare Liberalism
Hollywood writer Dalton Trumbo was blacklisted after being convicted of Contempt of Congress. Trumbo, a member of the communist party, was put on trial for being communist. As a result of being placed on the blacklist, for years, Trumbo was forced to work under pseudonyms. In 1960 Trumbo had beat the black list by discrediting it. Trumbo successfully paved the way for an end to the red scare and an end to anti-communist xenophobia in the United States.
After World War II, President Truman warned of communism encroaching on nations vulnerable to Soviet control. The Policy of Containment pledged the U.S. would form strategic alliances and support weak independent nations with military support and economic assistance. A $400 million U.S. appropriation was granted in 1947 to support Greece and Turkey which had lost British assistance. This evolved into the Truman Doctrine that included the Marshall Plan which provided humanitarian aid to devastated Western European nations. After four years and $17 billion these nations established economic security, increased trade with the U.S. and rejected Soviet takeover efforts (ushistory.org).
The USSR had ended in 1991 due to the fact that the last leader for the Soviets, Mikhail Gorbachev, resigned from his position as President. Making the 45 year long Cold War come to and end, making it for the U.S a tremendous success for them. The Cold War was not a physical war at all by having any country invading another, and the use of soldier/military weapons. In reality it was geopolitical tension between the U.S and Soviet Union about different ideologies. The U.S being a capitalist country and USSR a communist country and both having their different beliefs between one another, sparking some tension. Also the way that USSR was trying to spread their ideology thought Europe and Asia such as; Vietnam, Thailand, Korea, Africa, Cuba, etcc. Making the U.S not a fan of the Soviets intention and becoming more against the Soviets. But after 45 years of the Cold War Soviet Union had come to an end making it a victory for the U.S. Countries that once before were in control by the Soviet Union had now gainde independence and were able to do as they want and follow their own believes. Countries that had become independent were; Ukraine, Poland, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Albania, etc… This cause for free open market between the new countries forming by allowing for those countries to be able to take part in trading with the E.U and countries following the ideology of democracy rather than communism. And
After World War II ended, there was an immense tension all over the world; United States and the USSR emerged as the two principal potencies. A new era was coming, the beginning of the Cold War, a clash between the two most powerful countries in the world in almost every possible ambit, such as social, political, military, economical, among others. Also, the influence of these two countries with different systems; United States with capitalism and the USSR with communism, started to blossom over the smaller nations, in a race to prove who is the best. Consequently, these external relationships had to be regularized in a way that could maintain the bond strong and both sides could benefit from it, like the military-industrial
The Cold War was a period of tension and hostility between the United States of America and the Soviet Union from the mid-40s to the late 80s. It began as World War II was ending, and was called “cold” because both sides were afraid of fighting each other directly with nuclear weapons. Many events contributed to the rising tensions between the two nations during the early years of the Cold War.
The Cold War is a very significant event, and perhaps one of the most important throughout US history. The Cold War shaped American in many aspects like, foreign policy, political ideology (ism’s), economy, the presidency, and lives of American’s. According to APA, (American Psychological Association) the Cold War was, “intense economic, political, military, and ideological rivalry between nations, short of military conflict; sustained hostile political policies and an atmosphere of strain between opposed countries.” The Cold War on foreign policy had to step up against the Soviet Union, the strategy they implemented was called “containment”. Containment was a policy used by the US using strategies to prevent the spread of communism overseas
The post-World War I and World War II worlds created a new outlook on life. The peace in these post-war worlds was shaken by fear of communist takeovers. As well as the fear of how these rumored communist-or Bolsheviks- would affect American views on gender and family relations.
After World war II, the Soviet Union and the United States were the strongest nations. Both sides had different ideas of government and economics. A war of ideas developed between those two countries, also known as the Cold War. The United states is a capitalistic country, where people and business control the production of goods. People decide where they work and live. The Soviet Union was a communist country, their government controls the resource and production. The Government decides where people work and live. The war started in Europe after World War II. The soviet Union won control of Eastern Europe; Half of germany and half of its capital, Berlin. The other countries such as the United states, France and Britain controlled the west
Some historians believe the Cold War was inevitable because of the hostilities from both America and the Soviet Union after World War II. America believed that the USSR was an expansionist country trying to spread an evil, communistic idea throughout the world. Although the countries never directly fought against each other, as they only fought in proxy wars, there was still extreme conflict. The United States responded to the Soviets actions in Germany, Europe, and their national actions. These responses were justifiable, or so many Americans at the time believed. Many realized that the Soviet Union was a terrible foe to face, as George Kennan, a respected American diplomat, noticed. He said in “The Sources of Soviet Conduct,” “This means
The Cold War lasted forty plus years and these conflicting ideologies threatened peace throughout the world, consequently the battle verses communism and democracy was at the root of the Cold War conflict. Social, political, and economic conditions of the world were influenced by the ongoing threats of the Cold War. In the Soviet Union, communist rulers firmly controlled all aspects of Soviet life and they dominated Eastern Europe through imperialism. The Soviet government held a tight grip on its citizens and used fear to control them, hence western influences were forbidden because the government thought it would poison and threaten their beliefs. The government and economy was often unstable and was frequently on the verge of collapse,