I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes” (“Truman Doctrine”). Truman had wanted to support those nations that had been separated by Soviet communism. This shows that President Truman is ready to do whatever he can to contain the spread of communism and stop the United States former ally, the Soviet Union, since the effect of their actions would do good to them, but no harm. Humanity had evidently been affected by the United States help towards Greece and Turkey.
Expansionism is a commonly mentioned aspect related the idea of the traditional theory. The liberal theory claims that America was at fault. Because of our intervention during the Bolshevik Revolution, we warranted the Cold War upon ourselves. Finally, the ideological theory states that nothing else matters other than the fact that the United States and Soviet Union
While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817).
While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817). Their end goal was to completely contain, or confine communism(Truman). As the first presidents to combat communism, Harry S. Truman started at the bottom in terms of what strategy to take in this war. As mentioned in his speech, The Truman Doctrine, his plan of economic aid was to financially support Greece and Turkey to help them stop communism from expanding to other areas (Truman).
The Soviet Union began demanding adjustments to its relations and control over Turkey, as well as Iran. Though Stalin backed down at the threat of U.S. Naval forces, his actions led to the containment policy. This policy is used to prevent the spread of communism. Later, in 1947, the United States took over the responsibility of providing economic aid to Turkey and Greece and announced that they would be helping the nations affected by Communism.
By establishing the Truman Doctrine, his main goal was to keep other nations who were resisting Communism to be able to stand up for themselves. Since the Soviet Union was in the midst of all Communist activity, Truman knew that Stalin would eventually spread his beliefs into other parts of the world. Fearing that he would lose yet another nation to Stalin, Truman quickly decided that he had to do something to help other countries who were in need of political and monetary aid. As a result, the Truman Doctrine was first created when Truman stood before Congress on March 12, 1947, and asked for $400 million to fight Communist aggression in Greece and Turkey. When Congress approved Truman’s request, he was able to send political, military, and economic assistance to Greece and other democratic nations that were under threat from Stalin (history.state.gov).
The aid program that developed through this ‘was portrayed as part of the global struggle between democracy and dictatorship (Kissinger, 1994, 117).’ The Truman Doctrine was symbolic as it marked the feeling the Soviets as the menacing opposition, and insisted that the US ‘would act only in cases where her vital interests were at stake (Drockrill, 1988, 41).’ As a foreign policy decision, it is not directly clear how the United States would benefit from spending $400 million to aid Greece and Turkey, apart from containing the further spread of Communism. Gaddis, a Cold War revisionist, discusses the economic foreign policy decisions by arguing that America’s actions ‘approximated the Leninist model of imperialism (2007, 172),’ and that is using aggressive means in order to push its capitalist
However, once the geopolitical intentions of the US and China were made clear, the USSR turned towards pursuing their own Cold War interests. The Indo-Soviet Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and Cooperation signed in August 1971, aimed to counter the Chinese influence in the region whilst spreading Soviet ideologies. This signing was a strategic tactic for the Soviets to achieve their Cold War goals. This pro-India tilt represents the fact that the USSR faced the inevitable compliance to pursue Cold War interests, dismissing the responsibility to act on the international norm. It was inevitable as This is why the conflict can be seen as a proxy war.
Through his actions, the goal is to showcase that once again The United States is a noticeable world power. Preceding Presidencies to Reagan’s made the country look weak and vulnerable and there is no better example of this than during The Cold War. Presidents Nixon, Ford, and Carter believed that the best way to deal with the Cold War was through a principle known as “détente”. This basically mean that they wanted the Cold War to be resolved through attempting to create a peaceful co-existence between The Soviet Union and The United States. Another idea that these three Presidents believe in is known as containment.
When someone talks about the appeasement policy, the first idea in our mind is the English politician Arthur Neville Chamberlain and its policy towards the national-socialist Italy and Germany, however it is, generally speaking, a diplomatic policy of making concessions to an aggressive power in order to avoid the conflict with it. Talking about Vichy it is impossible not to talk about the appeasement policy which was essentially leaded by three important causes: the fear of Communism, the right-wing parliament rise and the control on Hitler without intervention. The fear of Communism was because of the new power that was representing at that time the USSR was quickly conquering the ideology in the Parliaments of all the old continent and there was a common fear around Europe. The right-wing parliament rise it was a social phenomenon that was developing according to the fear of Communism. But the real problem was the policy without intervention on