It was Western Europe that was fundamentally important for US national security. The United Kingdom and a number of other European countries have taken active foreign policy steps to intensify US European policy. Europe needed economic assistance and military support. However, such a policy of Europe found understanding within the United States, which resulted in the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan. The Marshall Plan, according to many researchers, is a practical embodiment of the Truman Doctrine.
Containment also provided supplies and defended democracy in an area of adverse communist influence peacefully. Finally, containment helped the world dodge a full-scale nuclear world war and gave Russia a taste of its own blockade-flavoured medicine in the Cuban Missile Crisis. If George Kennan’s Long Telegram (discussed in Document A) had not been published, the US and democracy itself may have been oblivious to the Soviet Agenda. Kennan stated in Document A : “1. Stalin and the Soviets believe that communism is better than capitalism.
Not everyone agreed with it, and it proved costly as the nations it aided did not turn to Democracy. However, it set the tone for how the United States was to conduct its foreign policy. In addition, it paved the way for the Marshall plan, which was improved and more successful. Providing the necessary measures to ensure that weaker nations would not have to resort to a communist government demonstrated a devotion to soothing the threat of Soviet influence, reflecting Truman’s role in actively combatting Communism. In juxtaposition with Roosevelt whom chose not to concern himself with civil rights issues, “Truman spoke more boldly on civil rights than any previous president had…
Imagine if you lived in a place where you had no freedom, and you were ruled by a man like Joseph Stalin. That is what it would be like in many countries if it weren’t for the United States’ policy of containment. During the Cold War, the Soviet Union wanted to take over other countries and make them have the government system of Communism. The United States didn’t like that, because they thought their governmental system of Democracy was better. As a result, the U.S. adopted a policy of “Containment”. Stopping the spread of Communism through military and nonmilitary ways.
The Soviet response to the Marshall Plan became known as the Zhdanov Doctrine. This doctrine supposed that American imperialists were trying to conquer the world and end the spread of democracy. It also claimed the Soviet Union’s goals were to eliminate imperialism and support democracy. It was no secret that the Soviet Union was, in fact, attempting to claim all of Europe for mother Russia.
The Soviet Union began demanding adjustments to its relations and control over Turkey, as well as Iran. Though Stalin backed down at the threat of U.S. Naval forces, his actions led to the containment policy. This policy is used to prevent the spread of communism. Later, in 1947, the United States took over the responsibility of providing economic aid to Turkey and Greece and announced that they would be helping the nations affected by Communism. The Marshall Plan was put into effect later that year and it offered reconstruction aid to much of Europe.
To conclude the argument on the nature of Soviet Union conduct, George F. Kennan sustains that the United States should not expect Soviet policies to reflect the possibility of co-existing capitalism and communism. He believes that the United States can influence internal developments in Russia and the worldwide communist movement. Kennan stresses the responsibility of the United States on the future conduct of the Soviet Union.
Lester B. Pearson said that the invasion of the Dominican Republic was vital for Canadian investments because Canada owned 70 percent of the Dominican assets. Canada saw they could not protect their interests through peaceful relations with the Dominican Republic so they had to intervene with military force just as the U.S did. The use of the Good Neighbour Policy shows how Canada and the U.S. both used neo-colonial foreign policies, which disproves Williams’ argument as to how American diplomacy is unique. Lastly, the containment policy during the Cold War was a neo-colonial foreign policy used by the U.S. to preserve the Open Door Policy. The American’s were worried that the Soviet communism would spread to Asian and Eastern European countries, which would cut off the Open Doors Policy in these countries.
Slide 1 Cold War Task 5 By: Cristina Prince Slide 2 The Soviet Union and the United States rose as superpowers, and the world progressed towards bipolar politics, a state in which two rather equally matched sides confronted one another. The United States strengthened much of Europe through the Marshall Plan, giving $12 billion dollars in aid to Western Europe after WWII. Resulting in implementing of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), a defense agreement meant to organize opposition to the Soviet Union and China, both politically and militarily.
As document A states “ I therefore make this proposal: We are willing to remove from Cuba the [missiles] which you regard as offensive…” so this shows that they were really afraid that with one wrong move the United States would just blow all those countries, they were going to give the United States what they wanted. This shows that they were willing to give something up because they knew that the United States had the upper hand. So then Soviet Union ended up giving something up making the United States more superior from document A “We in making this pledge, will promise not to invade Turkey…
By establishing the Truman Doctrine, his main goal was to keep other nations who were resisting Communism to be able to stand up for themselves. Since the Soviet Union was in the midst of all Communist activity, Truman knew that Stalin would eventually spread his beliefs into other parts of the world. Fearing that he would lose yet another nation to Stalin, Truman quickly decided that he had to do something to help other countries who were in need of political and monetary aid. As a result, the Truman Doctrine was first created when Truman stood before Congress on March 12, 1947, and asked for $400 million to fight Communist aggression in Greece and Turkey. When Congress approved Truman’s request, he was able to send political, military, and economic assistance to Greece and other democratic nations that were under threat from Stalin (history.state.gov).
The United States engaged in a Cold War with the Soviet Union in an attempt to limit the development of the Communist military power and ideological influence. As alliances between the USSR and Western Nations terminated, the United States established a foreign policy that promoted non-communist nations. In 1947, President Harry S. Truman delivered a speech before a joint session of Congress. The speech, later named the Truman Doctrine, declared that the US would “provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces” ( ). Truman specifically called for Congress to support Greeks against Communist uprisings.
In order to make the American people aware of the growing Soviet threat, the National Security Council create the NSC-68. This document contains information on defense and internal security to deal with the threat. In terms of defense, the NSC-68 “was the result of a review of American foreign and domestic defense policies.” The document outlines the conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States. It mentions four options for responding to the threat: 1) maintaining and continuing our current policies, 2) “returning to isolationism,” 3) deciding to go to war with the Soviet Union, 4) and “a rapid build-up of political, economic and military strength in the Free World.”
"But it is hard to imagine how the U.S. government could have prevented a Communist victory short of getting involved in a massive military intervention, which would have been risky, unpopular, and expensive"(Tindall 964). "The discovery of the Soviet bomb in 1949 triggered an intense reappraisal of the strategic balance of power in the world, causing Truman in 1950 to order the construction of a hydrogen bomb, a weapon far more powerful than the atomic bombs dropped on Japan, lest the Soviets make one first"(Tindall 964). The onset of the cold war the ideology drove more of the Soviet behavior. "American 's traditional commitment to democtatic capitalism, political self determination, and religious freedom conflicted with the Soviet Union 's preference for spheres of influence on its periphery, totalitarianism at home, and state mandated atheism"(Tindall 970). Kennan stressed that U.S. needed to be responses to the Soviet adventurism.