Cultural relativism is the understanding of other cultures in their own terms. To achieve the understanding of the rituals used in the cultures of another, one must be able to look at them from an emic (insider) perspective. One must also be able to look at his own culture from an etic (outsider) perspective. The ability to look at one’s culture from the etic point of view will make it easier to explain the rituals to someone from a different culture, for example, rites of passage. Rites of passage are used to mark a life stage and are celebrated by tradition or religion, meant to separate a specific group. These differ in every culture and some may even appear brutal or abusive to many outsiders, an example would be a Maasai warrior must kill a lion single handedly, tattoos and mutilation after a certain milestone in age. The ones that are more familiar to all would include the courtship, wedding or funeral. According to our text, “ceremonies such as christening, puberty rituals, marriage and funerals, which we hold whenever a member of society undergoes an important change status, within the lifecycle of the group, are considered rites of passage.” (Crapo, 2013 para. 2) Rites of passage are an important part of tradition that often symbolizes a transition from childhood to teenager to adulthood and they even give off a sense of manhood to their family as well as their community. This paper will dig into the rites of passage we call marriage in the American culture, from
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In chapter 1, Banks claims that marriage has been changed in the most recent quite a few years, developing from a social contract intended to guarantee monetary strength (or upgrade) and reproduction to something that is more relationship-based. He analyzes why African Americans keep up the least marriage and most noteworthy separation rates in the country, concentrating most pointedly on the high probability a black lady will stay single, a result of the shortage of black men in the marriage showcase, their number exhausted by high detainment rates. This "man deficiency" leaves the individuals who are accessible sought after and with less force to focus on one lady. We progressively wed for individual satisfaction and frequently would like to accomplish some budgetary strength before we marry. Banks investigates the upsetting — and regularly implicit —
From the beginning of time, mankind tends to hold ceremonies to celebrate coming of age, and many of these involve rituals. From feudal times,to Bar and Bat Mitzvah, coming of age rituals cause the growth of maturity in the community and the person that is coming of age. Coming of age rituals will protect and cause a sense of safeness in the tribe. Although some people believe that harming their body to prove becoming more mature is wrong, it does have distinct benefits. Coming of age traditions can impact the community in so many different ways.
Why Tradition is Horrible Have you ever wondered why so many people go along with traditions even if they work against them or someone they love? Yeah me too, a good example of this would be in the book Like Water for Chocolate by Laura Esquivel. In it the main character Tita isn’t allowed to marry the man she loves because as the youngest daughter she has to take care of her mother until she dies. This is just wrong, she obviously loves this man yet her mother is insistent upon the fact that she can’t be with him. Even though it hurts her daughter Mama Elena still follows this tradition.
The white wedding has been constructed in American Culture since the 1950’s. During that time American society was aimed toward the family, making not only marriage but children apart of the national agenda. Since then marriage has been seen as a norm in America. According to a previous lecture, the American Culture and media promoted ideas that getting married was more important for young women than obtaining a college degree. Women’s role in the home has always been emphasized in American Culture.
The adult males are encouraged to marry young women, procreate and increase their family size. Childbearing is highly recommended with relations between people of the same gender is discouraged since it goes against the past and even the present teachings of the Latino community (long, np). Couples are taught their roles and to respect each other in the marriage, which leads to low levels of divorce in such marriages. This can have a great effect if applied to the large American culture, where it can help in shaping the American social life especially the falling institution of
The ritual known as the Rites of Passage is made to show the movement from one social state to another. The most common example is the ritual for the young boys that will soon take the job of the older men. In this ritual the boys would wear a kachina mask to impersonate the gods. During this ritual the boys are whipped with yucca whips as a form of taking the bad luck away from them. All of the boys in the tribe would have to go through this ceremony to show they were growing and had to take responsibility of the role of the men in the
In, Marriage in the Jewish Tradition, by Blu Greenberg, a Jewish marriage “is a change in personal status. Neither sacrament nor mere legal transaction, it enjoys the trappings of…the richness of ceremony and rite” (7). The rite of passage of a Jewish wedding symbolizes the transition “between the couple and their families, and especially the separation of the girl-youth from her family and her joining her husband’s family” (Sharaby 41). The couple experience a moment where they are neither married nor single before they reach their new identity. In Van Gennep’s timeline of rites of passage, a Jewish wedding follows the three main stages.
In this reading, Andrew J. Cherlin talks about the changes in American marriage, their causes and how the transformation of marriage is likely to affect American children. According to Cherlin the changes are: 1. Great demographic changes of the past century 2. Changes in age at marriage. (In the past people were getting married at early age
This contrast on marriage is touched upon by many other sources
4.2 Cultural Perspective In the west, linguistic and religious tradition is often excluded outside, discrimination and negative women. Men's image is used in the religious texts to describe all the mental problems, and the image of women, mainly in reference to secular issues, such as (positive orientation of the female and the negative image of the prostitutes. 4.2.1Ancient Greek Philosophy Historians generally agree the ancient Greece is the founder of Western civilization. They not only establish a personal freedom and justice is such a basic democratic traditions but their art, philosophy and science for many of the problems of Western ideas and culture. It provides a basis for considering the many aspects of American culture origin
Every society has its own unique cultures in which people will have different ideas of moral codes. The diversity of these cultures cannot be said to be correct or incorrect. Every society has independent standards of ethic within their society and these standards are culture-bound. Cultural Relativism has a perception in which rightness or wrongness of an action depends entirely within the bounds of the culture. This theory opposes the belief in the objectivity of moral truth.
Marriage is an important institution in a society and although there have been changes in the trend of marriage pattern, it is still very clear that marriage still matters. Marriage exists and its main aim is to bring two people together to form a union, where a man and a woman leave their families and join together to become one where they often start their own family. Sociologists are mostly interested in the relationship between marriage and family as they form the key structures in a society. The key interest on the correlation between marriage and family is because marriages are historically regarded as the institutions that create a family while families are on the other hand the very basic unit upon which our societies are founded on.
(Luco, Week 3 Notes, p.9) Cultural Relativism is simply a combination of the following three theses: 1. The only criterion of moral truth or falsehood is the moral code of a cultural group. 2. A moral claim is true, relative to a culture’s moral code, if and only if the claim is generally accepted within that cultural