The result of the rape leaves the victim fearful and hesitant to report it due to the confusion and shame they often experience after the rape. So whether in the end if it is consensual or forced is up to the evidence and the thought of what really went down. The truth can not be hidden as it can be found rather easy through simple eye witness testimonies or
As mentioned before, mandated reporting has been shown to actually make women feel less safe. Confidentiality issues arise with mandatory reporting and may cause turmoil in the patient/health care provider relationship. Victims of Intimate Partner Violence may be reluctant to pursue medical support in emergency situations for this reason and many others. Other reasons that victims of Intimate Partner Violence may be reluctant to pursue medical attention may include that the victim may truly believe that he/she can handle the situation on their own, or the victim may also fear disciplinary abuse when the abuser learns that the abuse was reported. There are currently no laws that one-hundred-percent guarantee the safety of a victim of Intimate Partner Violence (The Association of Women 's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses, 2015, p. 407).
Often criminal confessions obtained through the use of physical force are considered coerced, and in most cases, they cannot be used against the accused in a court of law. Scientists believe that police coercion may have an even more powerful impact and influence on venerable people such as juveniles, the mentally disabled and the mentally ill who admit to the crime to escape the long, harsh interrogation process and procedure. It is worth noting that coercion interrogation is more than the use of physical force to extract information from a person. The process begins by wrongful classification of an innocent individual as guilty which prompts the officers of the law to subject him or her to an accusatorial interrogation. Scientists believe that captives have information in long-term memory that they choose not to share, but the extended application of techniques and methods that induce stress and discomfort will eventually force them to release the information.
The way the jury holds against or in favor of these accusations as well as the part of psychotherapists to the matters, as of the memories being true or false is well elaborated. By referring to many cases of reported repressed memory, valuable information is collected about how these memories retuned, at what age, when did the action take place etc. The study shows that although many reported cases came to surface there is no tool to rely on of how accurate and true those claims are. Socially the acceptance of repressed memories as valuable, even in court made the people to act suspicious at accusations and the ones that had the memories were afraid of the consequences of such accusations. Without being able to safely reach a verdict the controversy is still on the table.
In each incident, some characteristics can be more obvious than others, the distance from the incident matters, and what our brain chooses to do with the information we process are all big factors that come into play when trying to answer this question. For some people, their accounts of what occurs in front of their eyes is extremely accurate, while for other people - it is not. What I do know is, eyewitness testimony is to be used as a guideline in courtrooms, and not as any kind of evidence/proof. Too many innocent people have been wrongfully convicted due to false identifications and too many studies have proven that it is not as reliable as we all
Participants should not just be college students and determine if the jurors themselves could be considered discredited. Jurors’ maybe racist, sexiest, ageist may judge the eyewitness or the accused with no regard towards the evidence. Another limitation was the lack of knowledge of the jurors. They could have no knowledge in regards to the subject of criminal law and forensics to determine the outcome of a trial. As well a lay person may believe a false eyewitness, believing they would not change what exactly they saw.
Glady’s Heavenfire Case Battered Woman Syndrome has provided women who have been abused at the hands of their partners recognition in the criminal justice system and is allowing women to tell their stories. Although there are controversies surrounding battered woman syndrome, it should not be viewed as an excuse for killing their partners. It is a real disorder that has affected thousands of women 's lives all over the world. Discussing the Gladys Heavenfire case will bring awareness to the life of a woman who has been abused by her partner for several years. Furthermore, it provides information on Indigenous women who are more likely to suffer abuse than white women.
They may have been an influence on the death, but it was never proved. She was often sick, which could have been a bigger influence. Since there are multiple influences on a person, this judge should not be able to determine if an influencer should have consequences or not. People should be responsible for their actions; however, due to an infinite amount of influences on a person’s life, not everyone should have repercussions. Likewise, only people who committed an act of murder should have consequences created by an unbiased court and not the morals of one man.
prosecution, which led them to believe that there were many issues within the system that led to the wrongful conviction that needed to be fixed so another minority was not charged with a murder that was not committed by them. The Inquiry found that the investigation was not done suitably for the standards that the police, and the Crown have. The case’s evidence was insufficient due to lack of investigation at the crime scene, of the witnesses, and of the charges pursued. There was also an insufficient amount of sensitivity of this case due to the fact that it was the prosecution of a visible minority and the lack of training done on the respect to sensitivity on visible minorities. As well as the absence of sufficient review led to the wrongful conviction because they didn’t review the first eyewitness reports and relied only on the second report, which were influenced by an incompetent and unprofessional
Analysis of existing structures implemented to support victims of domestic violence. The initial conceptualisation of family violence was developed in the study of battered children in 1960’s since then many victims have been identified globally. In France, 148 women death was caused due to domestic violence in 2012, in Europe domestic violence is the main cause of female death aged 17 years to 40 years. Domestic violence has been defined in numerous ways, however one simple definition of domestic violence would be that, ‘’Domestic violence and emotional abuse are behaviours used by one person in a relationship to control the other. Partners may be married or not married; heterosexual, gay, or lesbian; living together, separated or dating.
While women experience multiple forms of violence over the course of their lives, the most common form of violence occurs at the hands of someone they know, often a family member or intimate partner. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is defined as single or recurrent threats or acts of mental, physical, and sexual types of abuse, aggression or assault from a previous or current intimate partner(Godoy-Ruiz). Although IPV can occur in same sex relationships and be perpetrated by either men or women, in the vast majority of cases the perpetrator is male and the victim female. Domestic violence is also the most common factor contributing to homelessness among women and their children. They may be forced from their homes in order to escape violence, disrupting social support networks as well as children’s schooling and social networks (Foubert).
Today, people are innocent until proven guilty. For the people accused it was hard to find evidence that proved their innocence so they remained guilty. Also, he did not allow a lawyer for the people that were accused of witchcraft. He expected them to be able to defend themselves when most of them did not