Overall the theme of the The Crucible boils down to being about honesty, weakness, and courage. One example these actions being brought to life is on of page 109 when John Proctor tells Elizabeth “ My honesty is broke, Elizabeth; I am no good man”. This is quote has so much meaning because previous to this quote John had admitted to the court that he had had an affair with Abigail. By him admitting this he is putting himself in the state to be arrested for adultery, which would later lead to his death. Abigail had accused John's wife Elizabeth of being a witch in hopes that she would be hanged.
Because I cannot have another in my life!...How may I live without my name?” John Proctor's exclaims “That he cries of his whole soul” But he is willing to confess to a few officials, but he is not willing to append his name publicly to this false confession. His reputation is so important to him that he chooses death by hanging instead. Elizabeth Proctor is the epitome of the quote “Cold hands, warm heart.” Although she may not have provided a warm home-life for her husband. John Proctor, she remains good, moral, and composed throughout the novel. However it is these qualities that leads to the annihilation of her exceptional reputation when she is unknowingly put to a test that will determine not only her own fate, but also the future of John, and many others who have been accused of witchcraft It had been predetermined by John.
John Proctor was a man who was well-respected and hoped to make better for his wife and his children. John Proctor’s downfall was committing adultery which put him in a place where he hardly couldn’t forgive himself but he wanted forgiveness from his wife. According to Elizabeth, “It come to naught that I should forgive you, if you'll not forgive yourself.”(965). Elizabeth is saying that she will forgive John for what he did but he have to forgive himself before anyone else could forgive him. John Proctor died because he didn’t confess for being a witch and committed adultery so that caused him to be
Cowardice, a lacking of bravery when facing danger, was a trait that Dimmesdale carried. Hester and Dimmesdale have both committed adultery, but Hester accepts and embraces what has happened. Alternatively, for Dimmesdale, enduring seven long years of guilt and sin are required to get him to finally reveal the truth. Taking so many years to do so shows how
God help me, I lusted, and there is a promise in such sweat " (Miller, Pg. 1206). This quote from act three shows how damaged Proctor was for even confessing to lechery. Just seeing how sentimental John Proctor really is shows how he would go out of his own way to save Elizabeth so that she could be reunited with her boys again. Within the story Elizabeth knows that since Proctor admitted to committing adultery that means he will be sentenced to be lynched.
John Proctor seemed well respected in the town except he had one deadly secret sin, this being a secret affair with Abigail Williams, who was one of the leading accusers in this story. Abigail’s goal is to kill John’s wife Elizabeth so they may get married. She does this by blaming Elizabeth for witchcraft. In this time period, the ones leading the accusations had the most power due to the fear exhibited by society. Even though John was not accused he confesses his affair with Abigail to Danforth saying, “I beg you, sir, I beg you-see what she is...She thinks to dance with me on my wife’s grave...God help me, I lusted, and there is a promise in such sweat.” (Miller ).
What lesson is this trying to teach? Arthur Miller is trying to teach us that there is going to be immense negative pressure from our peers/society and that we should persevere through that pressure like Proctor did. In The Crucible and in the Salem witch trials many people gave in to the pressure and conformed; few brave people stood their ground and did the right thing. In his time he had the same experiences. People had great pressures put upon them to find the commies and or confess you were a communist.
The Scarlet Letter written by author Nathaniel Hawthorne is an American novel based on sin and the act of Adultery. This novel is based on the early days of the Massachusetts colony and shows how differently crimes are approached then from now. Hester Prynne commits the unfaithful crime of Adultery and not only does she have to serve for her punishment, but her daughter serves for it as well. Pearl, the symbol of an act of forbidden love and passion has to live with being the reminder of her mother 's misconduct for her entire life. Growing up in a small town with her reputation, it is hard for Pearl to have any kind of normality in her life.
Trauma can cause avoidance and the lack of love can cause one to seek forever for it. Emily’s upbringing demonstrates an issue of control. Emily fell in love with Hommer Barron her lover that the town assumed abandoned her because he was openly gay. However, when Emily found out that Hommer Barron was attempting to leave she murdered him in order to keep him forever with her. Emily is used to getting everything her way that she resorted to murdering someone in order to get what she wanted.
He feels guilty for having an affair with Hester and keeping it a secret. As a result, he punishes himself physically, going to great lengths to try and rid himself of guilt. He lives his life hiding the truth from others, while watching Hester struggle to come to terms with the truth. The height of the hypocrisy in the situation comes when Dimmesdale tells Hester, "Be not silent from any mistaken pity and tenderness for him; for, believe me, Hester, though he were to step down from a high place, and stand there beside thee, on thy pedestal of shame, yet better were it so, than to hide a guilty heart through life. What can thy silence do for him, except it tempt him-yea, compel him, as it were-to add hypocrisy to sin (Hawthorne 58)?"
Dimmesdale develops because in the beginning of the novel, he is a devout Puritan, and as the reader gets more into the novel, they recognize that Arthur Dimmesdale does not truly know himself and “have it all together” the way that every other person thinks that he does. Dimmesdale, the human depiction of "human frailty and sorrow," is young, pale, and physically unhealthy. He has large, sad-looking eyes and a constantly trembling mouth, suggesting that Dimmesdale is sensitive. As an ordained Puritan minister, he is well educated, and he has a philosophical train of thought. He is obviously fully devoted to God, passionate in his religion, and effective behind a minister’s podium.