In recent years, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have replaced our diet with food that has been altered, which have adversely affected human health as well as local communities. For many years, many scientist has been genetically modifying organisms and most of the time we do not even realize that we are eating these harmful toxins as they are infused in our food without our knowledge. Genetically modified organisms, or GMOs, are created by splicing genes of different species that are combined through genetic engineering , something that is impossible to do in nature. There are many pros and cons of genetically modified organisms and the effect of controlling nature can have a synthetic outcome as shown in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley.
Since the animals carry diseases and we are eating it, human health has potentially decreased due to the increase of disease being spread. Additionally, factory farms are having negative impacts on our environment. “Hog, chicken, and cattle waste has polluted 35,000 miles of rivers in 22 states and contaminated groundwater in 17 states” (Organic Consumers Association). It is shown how these factory farms are contaminated the land around us due to the waste produced by these animals and the unsanitary dispose of such
Over the years, the diminishment in the overall health of our planet has not gone unnoticed. The concern for natural resources, pollution, and global warming are all widely talked about topics with no real solution to them in sight. We all want to eliminate our carbon footprint in whatever ways we can, but nonetheless the problem with that is most of us aren’t even aware of what is causing so much damage to the environment. Whether you want to believe in it or not, animal agriculture plays a huge role in these controversial topics. Globally, we all enjoy animal bi-products in our diet, but do we really know how much of our resources are being used to provide us with that luxury and the toll it is taking on our environment?
An even newer invention is the GMO, genetically modified organism. It is where you can alter the genes of a plant, by adding certain types of DNA. This corn is not only put in our food, but it is to pigs, chicken, and cattle who are injected with hormones and antibiotics. We are then eating these animals, and with them the hormones and antibiotics they contain.
The U.S. agricultural industry can now produce unlimited quantities of meat and grains at remarkably cheap prices. But it does so at a high cost to the environment, animals and humans”
Artificial selection and crossbreeding, both forms of genetic modification, have been used for centuries by scientists and farmers to obtain the desired traits of crops or animals (Kracht para 1). Moreover, no known risks have appeared from the consumption of GMOs or the genetic modification of crops.
Between now and 2050, the global population is projected to rise from 7.2 billion to 9.6 billion. Almost all of that population growth will occur in the developing world, where about 870 million people are already suffering from hunger and malnutrition (Van Montagu). The question of how to nourish two billion more people in a changing climate will prove one of the greatest challenges in human history. To meet it, we should embrace an agricultural approach that combines the best features of traditional farming with the latest technology. The current popular attitude against all things genetically modified is totally unfounded, and will prove to be disastrous if used to stifle research and development of new ways to produce more crops in an environmentally sustainable way.
Hamburgers are some of the most, if not the most, American food that a person could get their taste buds on. Although hamburgers remain popular, the meat in such foods have their share of controversies since the labels, “organic” and “conventional,” were placed upon them. The harsh reality is that conventional farming methods of meat is gruesome and somewhat macabre; the animals are packed into a high density farms where they are constantly being pressured into confined spaces that are grossly unsanitary. For this reason, organic farming is becoming popular with their humane practices of raising farm animals. In effect, this raises the question: is the abuse in the industrialized, now called conventional, meat industry worth the final product?
“Industrial agriculture characteristically proceeds by single solutions to single problems: If you want the most money from your land this year, grow the crops for which the market price is highest.” - Wendell Berry Many people question whether or not the morality of treating animals in a humane way outweighs the morality of cheaper food for a nation where 1 in 6 people are facing hunger, and/or starving in any way. Back in the day, a while after World War II, industrial agriculture was applauded as a technological success that permitted an ever growing population to practically feed themselves. Now, many farmers and scientists see it as a blind alley, rather made for factory work.
For years, the health and safety of genetically modified foods have been debated and researched by scientists, but the question still stands: should genetically modified foods be allowed for consumption? The process of genetic modification involves inserting a gene from bacteria or a virus into an organism where it would normally not be found. The purpose is to alter the genetic code in plants and animals to make them more productive or resistant to pests or farming techniques. Genetically modified organisms, more commonly known as GMOs, have been a controversial topic of debate for a number of reasons. The ethics behind genetically modified foods come into question due to an abundance of short and long-term effects from the process, many of which are still unknown today.
The farmers breed the animals with desirable traits for many generations compiling and enhancing these traits. “Some traits matter more to the producer, like the ever-important rate of feed conversion; some matter more to the consumer, like how lean
I remember four years ago, I was watching a documentary that showed the process and handling of beef industries in Canada and US. I could not believe my eyes when I saw the numbers of animals that were killed for the beef industries. After seeing the documentary, I decided to stop eating meat. However, there are more convincing reasons not to eat meat if we see it’s negative effects on our environment. In CNN’s website, I read “Why Beef is The New Suv” written by John D Sutter, opinion columnist.
The author of this article is Mark Bittman. This article is about American’s meat consumption and the health and environmental problems that come with it. Mark’s argument is that Americans should cut down on meat consumption, because it causes environmental problems, health problems and a lower standard on animal welfare. The first point Mark presents is that meat consumption causes environmental problems.
Review of Literature Environmental issues began to be discussed and debated only towards the end of the 20th century. Since then significant amount of literature has been penned down raising awareness about issues of pollution, deforestation, animal rights and several others however it has failed to result in major changes, ideas or even actions to save the environment. Several species of animals have become extinct; pollution level is at an all-time high, global warming is leading to severe climate changes all across the globe but these problems do not seem to alarm the decision makers. Leydier & Martin (2013) also states that, “despite the increasing expression of concern in political and media debates about issues such as climate change, pollution and threats to biodiversity, “political ecology” (operating at the confluence of scientific developments, political engagement and ethical debates) is still trying to find its bearings” (p.7). It is quite evident that environmental issues are not treated in equivalence to political, economic, social or even religious issues.