Though in this play, Albee didn’t shed much light on the description of the natural disaster caused by scientific or technological development, nor the consequences caused by the worsening relationship between human and nature. While combine with the play released date and the American society back then along with the details presented in the play, it is likely to draw the conclusion that Albee holds the negative opinion toward science and technology and hopes human obey the laws of nature. In “European and American Ecological Literature ”, Professor Wang Nuo once stated that seeking or exploring the root of the ecological crisis made ecological literature have a distinguished civilization criticism characteristic. (Wang Nuo, 2005:9) It is clearly that Albee has certain critical spirit in criticizing science and technology. In American history, the 1960s was a special period.
Why Nations Fail In their book, Why Nations Fail, Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson explain that some nations fail and others succeed because of their political institutions, their economic institutions, and the contingent path of history. The authors also knock down popular alternative theories as to why nations fail. They argue that geography, culture, and ignorance are not the keys to a nation’s economic success or failure. Next, they discuss how extractive political and economic institutions prevent a nation from achieving any long-term national growth. This is not to say that nations with extractive institutions cannot achieve any growth.
“Warming...since 1980 has increased sea surface temperatures 0.3 degrees Celsius, which should increase the maximum potential wind speed of hurricanes by 1 knot” (“The Impact of Climate Change”). Despite current efforts practiced by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) through the banning of pesticides such as DDT and the clearing of toxic waste, true reforms are only possible through awareness and knowledge. “About 80% of Americans are heavily influenced by incorrect or outdated environmental myths” (“Understanding Environmental Literacy”). Global environmental education inefficiently establishes an understanding of the dangers of pollution due to the lack of environmental literacy, thus leading to the creation of long term educational efforts as means to initiate environmental improvements from the ground
The economy has no advantage position in regarding the social structure, but is one social fact among others. Durkheim defines a social fact as an external thing that has intimidating force by which it exercises control over an individual thus this control can be economics, but it can also be philosophical. In fact Durkheim considered religion to be the important factor on the economy as well as law, morality, art, and political forms. Durkheim defined the term anomy as a condition where social norms are confused, unclear, or simply not present, this lack of norms inevitably causes irregular behaviour. Durkheim also argued that anomy could result from a sudden disturbance, crisis or rapid change of social and economic forces.
In this case, it seems that the State does not play a pertinent role in enforcing human and labour rights. Moreover, Wawryk (2003) claims that voluntary approaches are only effective in promoting human rights when “enforcement mechanisms are lacking for mandatory standards”. In other words, governments forcing corporations against their will to promote human rights will result in less compliance and decreased improvement in working conditions, once again, suggesting that the State is no longer involved in enforcing the development of
The institution has resisted calls for public scrutiny and independent evaluation”. (Global exchange resources (2015). The IMF and the World Bank have contributed to environmental destruction and provide wide range of inequality to the global economy as a whole. There new enforce policies called structural adjustment policies (SAPs) has
For those people the environment had no value therefore they took it for granted and mistreated it as it could not defend itself. Today’s critics argue that the world view of Marx and Engels was placed before everything else in the technological defeat of nature, and despite the ecological sensitivity that they showed in certain areas, this still remains the most important context in which their theoretical contributions must be judged. (Foster, 1999: 44
The Deltans have been subjected to compelling poverty while their environment degrades through oil spillages, atmospheric pollution, ground water and soil contamination, thereby culminating their livelihood of fishing and farming while the oil company’s staffs and decision makers live in prosperity. For the grievance argument here, socio-economic, political marginalization, suppression, oppression and neglect grievances are the primary factors which could lead to resource conflict. The grievance argument do acknowledge the existence of economic predation and opportunities for greed in fuelling a violent conflict, but the evidence here proves that they are not the primary cause or causes of such conflict as referred to the case study. For a fact, conflicts may look alike but no two conflicts are the
This will firstly be explaining what a mixed economy is and why they are prevalent in so many countries. Secondly, I will discuss a few regulations which don’t achieve efficiency (act against owner’s interests). This will include how they don’t serve in achieving efficiency, how they do achieve the outcomes they are meant to and a moral justification of each of the points. Finally I will repute a few counter arguments against the policies that many governments utilise in their economies. It’s important to understand that there are many forms of mixed economies and that a mixed economy is not simply exactly in between capitalism and communism.
Environmental issues began to be discussed and debated only towards the end of the 20th century. Since then significant amount of literature has been penned down raising awareness about issues of pollution, deforestation, animal rights and several others however it has failed to result in major changes, ideas or even actions to save the environment. Several species of animals have become extinct; pollution level is at an all-time high, global warming is leading to severe climate changes all across the globe but these problems do not seem to alarm the decision makers. Leydier & Martin (2013) also states that, “despite the increasing expression of concern in political and media debates about issues such as climate change, pollution and threats