But in 21th century, China grew vertically, and the North Korea started to their nuclear test. Also, after President George W. Bush declared ‘War on Terror’, the Middle East countries, especially Iran became a magazine. So even though the whole world wants denuclearization but United States still needs nuclear weapons. North Korea is one of most dangerous country in the world. If South Korea have a nuclear weapon, it would be easy to deter North Korea.
Another reason why America was aggressive is because for example, when there was a meeting on what action the US should take against Cuba and USSR, three out of the four proposals were ones that could probably cause another war. One of the proposals was to destroy the Soviet missiles in Cuba by an airstrike, which is a very intense act. Furthermore, another reason why I agree with Cuba’s point of view, is because America was unfair with its ‘regulations’ with Cuba. Castro was not allowed to keep Soviet missiles in his land, because Kennedy stated that it was a threat to the security of the US. While on the other hand, the US had all the nuclear power to fire at Cuba at any time without any conditions.
Honor and safety were also said to be the only two reasons for a war to be just, and that war itself is not honorable, and should be avoided. He also presents an outline of criteria for just wars in the Book III of On the Commonwealth, namely: (a) a proper motive; (b) due announcement and proclamation; (c) demand of restitution (Cicero’s ideas are mainly political in nature, implying that the government, or the commonwealth, had the just reason to go to war for two main purposes; that is: (a) to right a wrong that has been perpetrated against it by another state, or vengeance; and (b) to protect itself from destruction, or self-defense (Neste,
We see in this Film crucial role of the president and his advisers how they solve this conflict without war. President Kennedy took a complex sentence, he promised that the United States not to invade Cuba if Russia withdrew its missiles. but if Khrushchev had not accepted the offer within 24 hours, it will attack Cuba. The president is under intense pressure from his military commanders, who want to shoot first but Kennedy does not want to make it the war. He knows that if war breaks out it will be a world war III.
Kennedy starts off by telling us how the world and freedom is in major danger, being close to a nuclear war, telling us that it has the power to end the human species (3). The next point made is that we should “... never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate” (Kennedy 15). This means that we should negotiate to make a means with that someone not because we have to negotiate to stay safe from that someone. Kennedy then says that the goal would to have the world work together to explore problems, have a common arm control and be equal in weaponry power, and work together to unlock new sciences (16-18).
McNamara believes that is because of the human nature that war can’t end any time soon even taking in conceteration that we are all rational creatures, by our actions and decissions we show that rationality has limits. McNamara says he believes his words would appear powerless especially to othose who donot understand the concept of war and also misunderstand him since human are naturaly war-like. He futher tells us that he knew that if at that time he had spoken of it, he would have been damned and if he didnot he would have still been damned but he will prefer to be damned if he does not. In conclusion we can say that the Fog of War is a set of lessons that McNamara has experience toward his working period and its shows us that when it comes to war human are not rational in any aspect and that the list mistake or wrong decission might lead to a nuclear war or a global war
The Cuban Missile Crisis occurred in the month of October, 1962 when American-Soviet relations were tested by the installation of nuclear missiles in Cuba by the Soviet Union. Many historians point to this moment in time as the closest the United States and the Soviets ever came to nuclear war. The tensions began to rise once the Bay of Pigs invasion of 1961, supported by the American government, failed to remove Fidel Castro from power in Cuba. As a result, Castro was open for the Soviet Premier Khrushchev to place troops and nuclear missiles to threaten the United States. Khrushchev considered this justifiable because of the American missiles positioned in Turkey.
However, if a man found proof of unjust activity during conflict, then it was recommended he stop fighting. If he did not leave, he was held accountable for his actions. If a soldier chose to enter a war knowing it was unjust, that soldier could be held accountable for his actions. In cases, a soldier used to be not at fault for a leader not informing his nation of his intentions nor at fault for not being able to find information to discredit the morality of war. Though, over the course of just-war theory development, theorists have designed ten ways to measure what is truly invincible and vincible ignorance and adjusted means to modern times.
As if he would not all the rather lament the necessity of just wars, if he remembers that he is a man; for if they were not just he would not wage them, and would therefore be delivered from all wars. For it is the wrongdoing of the opposing party which compels the wise man to wage just wars ”. In all of this, Augustine is not far from and is, in fact, probably drawing upon the ideas of Cicero and the author of Deuteronomy. He goes further than either of them, however, in his condemnation of war itself and in his refusal to allow that the aggressor may be just. For Augustine, war is never a good but only a lesser of evils, and the one who causes the war is always unjust.
It is hinted that it is some sort of nuclear bomb that will be deployed and be so devastating to the world that the war will ‘finish as quickly as it started’. This event is very similar to the situation between Kim Jong-Un and Donald Trump, where there was a conflict that involved the potential release of nuclear weapons. The only differences between this case and the one shown in the book; is one the situation, in this case, was de-escalated, and two; the warning signs, and media coverage shown in Fahrenheit 451 were disregarded because people were too absorbed in their ‘families’ in their ‘TV parlours’ to show any sort of interest or attention to the outside world. When Montag was trying to get people to see, to understand, he had a ‘conversation’ with his wife, Millie, with him saying ‘Jesus God…How in hell did those bombers get up there every second of our lives! Why doesn’t someone want to talk about it…I don’t hear those idiot bastards in the parlour talking about it.
Dean Rusk and Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara were both certain that a limited war approach was the only way the war could be fought in a time when the Communist threat was so intrusive and nuclear weapons so destructive (Rusk 246). However, Schelling strongly argued that the limited war theory had numerous flaws, primarily that the strategy was an academic rather than a military concept. This consequently resulted with the misconception of the dynamics of war (Herring #2, 4). Hence, the North Vietnamese did not respond as limited war theory suggested that they would, refusing to bend to American pressure and instead tried to match the US escalation by escalating themselves(Herring #2, 23). As a limited war grew into a full-scale war, the military
1. Both the American President John Kennedy and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev seemed to be realistic about the Cuban Missile Crisis. They both represented the states that were standing apart and had their self-interests in the events that occurred. Besides, from the realistic point of view, Kennedy understood that the only way to withstand the crisis and prevent the new war would be to show their power, which is essential within the Realist framework, and take active actions since the interest of the state required that. Besides, being realists, both leaders understood that there is no way to involve the non-governmental organizations in the solution.
For example, that visual image by Rob Rogers shows me that even the U.S. citizens felt that the nuclear bomb in Hiroshima, Japan was too much and not called for. After the Pearl Harbor bombing, the U.S. wanted revenge on Japan so they unleashed a nuclear bomb which killed millions more in Japan compared to the casualties in Pearl Harbor. The book To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee shows many examples of why revenge and hatred should never be justified. First of all, Bob Ewell is a great example of why you must control your
Walzer describes several issues about just wars and calls them a criticism throughout. The first one he explains that caught my attention is the way war is defended. Walzer also talks about those moralizing war are just making it easier to fight. The access to a right to combat without a fight is only making it easier. The military has found this way to justify war and made it seem ok to send people to war.
Nuclear Warheads--easily destructive to an entire city, state, or nation-- were starting to be built and tested among both sides of the Cold War around 1950. These new weapons, capable of mass death, caused Americans to fear even further because “any major Soviet attack would be met with a massive nuclear response” (Kuran). Ultimately, Kennedy must convince not just America, but the world that a peaceful resolution is the best way to solve a problem rather than devastating warfare. When describing, “man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life” (Kennedy), Kennedy immediately instills fear in the American people through the emotional appeal, pathos. This residing fear of death will later help him in his speech when convincing the nation that rather than fighting a dangerous war, the world must unite through a “peaceful revolution of hope” (Kennedy).