Have you ever thought of what was the start of your school, or how the inventions that are regular to us today were made, or why you can vote? The truth is, some of these things were born from the Age of Reform, and the movements I’m focussing on are the Temperance and Abolition Movement. The sort of meaning for these two movements were because of huge ethical problems in society. Both movements have their similarities and differences, but the most intriguing comparisons are their motives, their end effects, and their end game compared to their starting intentions.
In America, opposition to slavery started with acts of defiance such as “slave resistance”, where African American slaves would rebel in several ways to attain greater freedom. While this “revolution” gathered steam, with slaves often running away from their masters and finding shelter in swamps, lakes or in cities that believed in their cause, more organized forms of opposition, led by reformers like William Garrison (Document E), who founded The American Anti-Slave Society, also started gaining traction. The growing opposition to slavery, by both slaves and their white sympathizers, eventually culminated in a determined abolitionist movement that highlighted the plight of so many and galvanized public opinion against an appalling institution.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, American society began to focus on the welfare of minority groups. Women’s suffrage and abolition were rooted as deeply as the history of America, but asylum and prison reform sprouted with the Second Great Awakening, a movement that occurred in the early 1800s. The Second Great Awakening was led by religious leaders who advocated for changes in American society through the unity of the American people (Doc. Due to the Second Great Awakening, reform movements were established between 1825 and 1850 in order to represent the changes the people sought for in the issues of slavery, suffrage, and asylum and prison reform. The social aspect of the abolition movement led to the visible democratic changes in society and politics.
Reform movements sought to expand democratic ideals in the years 1825 to 1850. These reform movements ranged from religion to women’s rights. While some movements were a success there were failures as well such as nativism and utopias. They failed to exemplify to democratic society. The reform movements were ignited by the Second Great Awakening. The Second Great Awakening began in the late 1700s and would later be carried throughout the rest of the country. The First and Second Great Awakening shared many differences. For instance, they differed in the way that they now believed they could have their own thoughts. This would refer to the concept of simply being able to choose whether or not to believe in God as contradicted prior ideals.
Slavery in America first began in the first permanent English settlement, Jamestown, in 1619. African slaves were brought to this colony to assist the colonist in the production of the profitable crop tobacco. Slavery in America would go on to be practiced throughout the America until the late 18th century. The abolition movement was an endeavor to abolish slavery in the United States.
Abolitionists preached to the public people on how slavery was unjustified, cruel, immoral, and inhumane. A widely accepted thought was to degrade colored people to that of the thinking capacity of apes and to treat them as animals. Most of the states were slave-holding at this time in history with slaves being the ones under the direction of the owners. Buyers (whites) of slaves sought for cheap labor and gave no credibility to anything the slaves accomplished. Whites had slaves work their mines and farms, the two most important jobs at the time. Without the slaves, no one was there to take care of their families and maintaining submission was the rule of the land. However, it was arguable that colored people were the main reason that the country was striving. It was so unfair that slaves built this country off of their diligent and humbled work ethic, yet they were still viewed as being far inferior to whites.
Slavery itself is the complete antithesis of any form of democratic ideals. The institution itself goes against everything that democracy pledges to include, such as equal rights and representation, hence why the Abolitionist Movement was one that fought to secure those ideals, and successfully so, with the ratification of the 13th Amendment. Although the United States had to fight a bloody Civil War to get there, the Abolitionist Movement brought about the end of slavery, a magnificent leap forward in democratic ideals. The second civil rights issue was that of women’s rights. The Suffrage Movement and the fight for gender equality took a head in the 1840s, with female activists from Elizabeth Cady Stanton to Sojourner Truth beginning to speak out against the civil disparities that existed between males and females. As seen in both Documents #6 and #7, the aforementioned women’s rights activists sought to empower the female citizen, blatantly expressing how women ought to be granted the same God-given rights that men have, as outlined in the Constitution. With the
The mid to early 1800s marked a dynamic period in America’s history. Powerful movements such as the Market revolution the Second Great Awakening gave way to new moral and socio-economic beliefs. These new found beliefs fueled a series of reform movement and earned this era the name the Age of Reforms. Although movements such as temperance restricted democracy in the US, to a greater extent, reform movements such as public education, women’s rights, and abolition expanded democracy by giving power and basic rights to women, slaves, and the lower class.
There have been many movements over time that has led America to where we are today. “The Antebellum reforms was a new, more radical anti-slavery movement that emerged by the early 1830s. Its program for ending slavery stood in stark contrast to the “colonizationist” position earlier advocated by some prominent Americans and embodied in the American Colonization Society (1816–1964)”. (Walters, 1995) This reforms were put into place to better everyone as well as their families. Women finally got the freedom to have a choice as well as options on things in their lives. “The best-remembered antebellum reforms was a women’s rights movement, its arrival signaled by a stirring “Declaration of Sentiments” issued in 1848 by a convention in Seneca
During the 1800’s, those who saw social prejudice or corruption started many reform movements to correct the difficulties in America. The Second Great Awakening really helped shape the United States into a religious nation and paved the way through the reform movements, while stressing individual choice that caused an uprising in denominations leading to followers by the masses. Antislavery abolitionism became a movement mostly because of influence from the religious revival that was taking place, and demonstrating to all of those religious that slavery is a sin.
At the time of the Second Great Awakening, America was a society full of changes in many subjects. The start of the nineteenth century began to criticize controversial topics and social tensions between groups. These contributions caused disputes that would transform into reforms for the minorities facing inequality. The new denominations, women, and slaves experienced discrimination from others for their statuses in society.
During the nineteenth century, reform movements in the United States led to an expansion of democratic ideals from 1825 to 1855. Throughout the Antebellum period there was a focus on forming a better individual and society. This was exemplified through the increased interest in religion, medicine, education reforms, transcendentalism, abolitionism, and women’s rights.
Ever since the establishment of the new world, women have held less power and privileges than men. As history progressed, the female role began to change. During the American Revolution, women supported the war by providing blankets and care for the hurt soldiers. In the Civil War, women took on new roles in the fight that were not as innocent as the jobs in the preceding events.
This chapter is organized in chronologically. The major the major themes of this chapter is Sexual Privacy, The Ninth amendment, and Unremunerated Rights. What are social Movements? Social Movements in American Politics, Slavery and Abolitionism, and Civil Rights and the Civil war Amendments. The major questions are as follows. Where does the energy that drives social movement come from? Does affirmative action to assist minorities and women inevitably mean reserve discrimination against white men? What were the similarities and differences between the movements for racial and gender equality.
Women’s suffrage was one of the first milestones to achieve gender equality. In 1902, the newly established Australian Parliament, passed the Commonwealth Franchise Act 1902, which enabled women to vote in the federal election and stand for the federal election. The suffragettes fought for equality, the right to make decisions and argued against the view that women were intellectually inferior to men. However, not everyone agreed with the changes the suffragettes wanted to bring. They argued that women were equal but different, already had indirect power and could not fulfil the duties of a citizen. Suffragettes