There were many major movements and goals of the antebellum reform. Before the Civil War, almost 100 reform communities were instituted. Some were democratic, others were ruled over by an interesting leader. Most of them were motivated by religion, but some had desires to reverse social and economic changes. Almost all of these communities wanted to have a cooperative society, to revive social harmony in an individualistic society and to close the growing space between the rich and the poor. “Socialism” and “communism” was introduced into America’s political lingo when the reformers tried to own useful property together as a community instead of private individuals. Several Utopian societies attempted to change traditional gender roles and …show more content…
The creation of numerous institutions that were designed to help individuals transform into free, moral citizens that would conduct services needed. During the 1830 's and 1840 's, Americans constructed jails for criminals, asylums for the mentally ill, and orphanages for underage children. The reason these places were built were to cure the "social ills" and eliminate them by placing certain individuals in an environment where their flawed character would be manipulated and transformed. Before the Civil War the most important building effort was the movement to create common schools that would be open to all children. During the early nineteenth century, almost all children were educated in local schools, private academies, or just at home. One problem still stood and that was that many children did not have any access to education. A Massachusetts lawyer by the name of Horace Mann, led movements to try to create new common schools for all children. Mann believed that available public education for children of every social class would revive social equality and give them an equal chance to excel in social mobility. These schools would also keep society in order by disciplining children and building their individual character and teaching them to obey authority. By 1860, with the help from generous labor unions, factory owners and middle-class reformers, every northern state had school systems for all children of every social
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Through the education, prison, and Temperance movements, the Antebellum time period prior to the Civil War introduced many democratic ideals that we now hold dear, ranging from public education to fair mental healthcare. Horace Mann, the leader of the education reforms, sought to provide public education to all citizens, as his state of Massachusetts was heavily focused on enhancing education, according to Document #3. Since before the United States became its own independent nation, Puritan beliefs included an emphasis on education, a clear precursor to this time period. From the implementation of schools with the Old Deluder Act, to the current education reform, the education system was in need of a reform in order to be made available to all — Mann’s main point he was trying to convey. As with the Temperance Movement, the banning of alcohol sparked wild controversy.
Slavery in America first began in the first permanent English settlement, Jamestown, in 1619. African slaves were brought to this colony to assist the colonist in the production of the profitable crop tobacco. Slavery in America would go on to be practiced throughout the America until the late 18th century. The abolition movement was an endeavor to abolish slavery in the United States.
Before the war America alludes to the period between 1780-1860 which was referred to Antebellum America. This period was a time when people were torn between continuing slavery and people who was in support of slavery ending. The people that was in favor of fighting for the rights of ending slavery where called Abolitionist. In addition, this period saw a shift in financial action in both the north and the south.
In completing this week’s reading, Antebellum Reform: Salvation, Self-Control, and Social Transformation by Wendy Gamber, I identified several key terms that illustrate the significance of the Antebellum Reform period. Following the Second Great Awakening, the Antebellum Reform was a time period of self-control and moral suasion. Self control refers to the ability to control oneself and supports the predestination to free will, or the idea that “one’s station in life was not fixed [...] it was your fault, not God’s will, if you failed to succeed on earth or to gain salvation in heaven” (Gamber, p. 132). Certainly, people can control their own behaviors and attitudes; however, self-control became synonymous with the ideal of the American
There have been many movements over time that has led America to where we are today. “The Antebellum reforms was a new, more radical anti-slavery movement that emerged by the early 1830s. Its program for ending slavery stood in stark contrast to the “colonizationist” position earlier advocated by some prominent Americans and embodied in the American Colonization Society (1816–1964)”. (Walters, 1995) This reforms were put into place to better everyone as well as their families.
America has gone through their fair share of political changes, but the reconstruction era was one of the more difficult of these changes. The Civil War was over and the U.S. had to somehow reintegrate the country and inforce new laws, while figuring out how to deal with the four million newly freed slaves. The reconstruction era was the time when the United States was trying to put itself back together as a stronger more united nation. While eventually many politicians gave up and moved on to other problems, the era did see many achievements as well as
The developments that occured in the United States of America during the Civil War and Reconstruction Era were arguably revolutionary. During these years of 1860 to 1877, not only did social change take place, but also constitutional change. By the end of the Civil War, many aspects were questioned, such as black status and readmission of former confederate states. At the end of it all, three amendments had been ratified and southerners were forced to accept that blacks were their equals. With many changes happening, the constitution had a full revolution by adding three amendments that challenged the beliefs of many, while social changes merely took a step up and didn’t last long.
The antebellum period in American history consist of the period leading up to the Civil War. During the Antebellum period race matter and did not matter in its own unique ways. Throughout this period race matter when dealing with slavery, gender roles and education. However, when it comes to economic through, race did not play a part. In the reading of Rothman, the passage started off with a vivid description of the different races.
The reform movement of Abolitionism came as a direct outgrowth from the Second Great Awakening, along with the illegal slave trades that had a large area of support in the southern states which allowed for the illegal immigration of slaves into the United States. While the reform movement mainly came from the Northern States, there were some areas within the South that had pro-abolition supporters such as Henry C. Wright, Frederick Douglass and several others. It contributed to the expansion of the Democratic values due to the fact that one of these values include that there is fairness and freedom for everyone. This movement was the most dramatic and and important success movement that revolved around the anti-slavery campaign. Abolitionist
Reconstruction caused prejudice and inequality. To elaborate, the creation of the Ku Klux Klan and the Black Codes were both in the time period of reconstruction, which caused chaos and violence throughout the Union. One of the goals of reconstruction was to repair the economy in the South, because it depended on slavery, which was now illegal, due to the thirteenth amendment. The South’s economic system now depended on Sharecropping, which caused former slaves to be in constant debt and was unjust to the black society. The reconstruction time period, was a time of dispute between the Union.
The common school era was at its height around 1820 and was said to have ended around 1900. By 1890, 95% of children between the ages of five and thirteen were attending school though the common school or another form of education (Ruth Joy, 2017). The bases of the common school was formed by Horace Mann and he wanted free public education for all children. According to William Reese’s “Public Schools and the Elusive Search for the Common Good” (2000), “…the common school- publicly funded, free, and in theory open to everyone…”
Reconstruction era, which was followed by post-civil war, was meant to unite the states back together, reconstruct properties, and most importantly, abolish slavery in the South. Although the factors such as amendments legally freed former slaves, yet WRITE THESIS After the end of civil war in 1865, Reconstruction era, which was controlled by President Abraham Lincoln, appeared to quickly coalesce the Northern and Southern states. reconstruction amendments, which were approved between 1865 and 1870, played a huge role on giving legal rights to blacks and former slaves. 13th amendment constitutionally abolished slavery in 1865 and followed up by that, 14th and 15th amendment admitted equal citizenship, protection, and rights of suffrage despite the one’s race or skin color. Former slaves were no longer belongings of their owners.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, American society began to focus on the welfare of minority groups. Women’s suffrage and abolition were rooted as deeply as the history of America, but asylum and prison reform sprouted with the Second Great Awakening, a movement that occurred in the early 1800s. The Second Great Awakening was led by religious leaders who advocated for changes in American society through the unity of the American people (Doc. Due to the Second Great Awakening, reform movements were established between 1825 and 1850 in order to represent the changes the people sought for in the issues of slavery, suffrage, and asylum and prison reform. The social aspect of the abolition movement led to the visible democratic changes in society and politics.
It was called The Common School Period because education transformed from a completely private, costly thing to a luxury that was available to the common masses. With public education, social class separation was not as extreme as it had been in the past, but still continued to occur in some areas. The people in the lower classes originally gained minimal instruction, such as learning how to read and write, calculate, and receive religious instruction, while the upper classes were more entitled to pursuing a higher education in secondary schools and even continue their schooling at the university level. Though some social class separation still lingered, education was made mostly to fit common standards. In 1837, Horace Mann, one of the great education reformers, created grade levels, common standards to reach those said grade levels, and mandatory attendance.
The American Civil War that was started due to the controversy over slavery in 1861, was won by The Union supported by President Lincoln against the Confederate states. President Lincoln’s original goal during the civil war was to reunify the nation as quickly as possible and help both sides come to an understanding. After the Civil War ended in 1865, the newly formed United States’ reconstruction era began. The Reconstruction era was put into effect by the Congress in 1866 and lasted until 1877. The Union’s victory in the Civil War had given African Americans a new sense of hope, devastated the southern economy, and eased the history of disunity in American political life.