All of this is displayed through the ominous and rather supernatural character of Inspector Goole. Priestley uses the Inspector as a projection of his views on socialism to indicate its superiority over capitalism. The Inspector described the individuals of community as “members of one body”. This implies that unity within a community is essential for its survival which confronts the Birling’s view of absolute capitalism.
The term ‘ego’ is often defined as being absorbed with yourself, or having arrogance. The actual definition of ego is a person’s sense of self-esteem or self-importance, which correlates to how Equality has become compared to his City. This collectivist society is teeming with selflessness, meaning they have no self-worth and do not consider their needs to be important, which lets the superiors control what they deem important by grouping everyone to one belief, and objectifying divergents to be evil and inconsiderate of everyone else. Even though Equality has rejected the rules much earlier in the book, he still believed he was in the wrong for being divergent and wanted to be the same as everyone else. After completely detaching himself from the City he renamed himself to Prometheus, the titan of light.
Equality 7-2521 has changed his mind about the leaders of his society, and I think he is correct to do so. The leaders controlled his life and his actions and punished him for the littlest and immoral things. They considered his height and other differences from his brothers a transgression. Equality 7-2521 now knows what the true definition of freedom is like, and
For Liberty is so beautiful and “glowing” that she cannot be ignored. It, however, is against the commandments of Equality’s brotherhood to peruse her, as it would unbalance the mutual emotion between all men by creating preference. In a wretched battle of nature vs nurture, Equality finds that despite these regulations, he cannot stop himself from yearning for Liberty, whom serves as “blade of iron” cutting through to the undeniable truth that Equality is a selfish being, generally motivated by his own personal
The people of the United States fight and strive for an absolute “equal” society, but is it what’s really wanted? “Harrison Bergeron,” a short story written by Kurt Vonnegut, uses satire to describe the deficiency in our idea of a truly “equal” society. Throughout the story, Vonnegut describes the torture and discomfort the government administers among the people, and though they were “equal,” they were not balanced. Vonnegut uses characterization and word choice to warn his readers of the potential drawbacks of a truly “equal” society. He warns normalcy would become the base of thought, and people would become incapable of emotion.
Upper-class members had to have harsher punishments that someone normal. Hammurabi’s code was guilty until proven innocent, unlike america it is innocent until proven guilty. Hammurabi once stated “to make justice visible in the land, to destroy the wicked person and the evil-doer, that the strong might not injure the weak." Hammurabi also wanted to make it possible that upper-class people won’t be robbed or killed as much as usual, his one of his code’s stated "If a man has destroyed the eye of a man of the gentleman class, they shall destroy his eye .... If he has destroyed the eye of a commoner ...
So much compassion that he could win the love of his underlings [...] But somebody with that much compassion could never be the killer we needed.” (Scott Card, 342) His explanation demonstrates how he believes that sacrificing Ender’s feelings by lying to him is necessary to defeat the buggers to save humanity from possible destruction, emphasizing the theme of manipulation for the common good. They make Ender do what he hates most, hurting others, by isolating him into not trusting anybody, moulding him to the perfect commander, then tricking him into believing he was only battling simulations.
While Sartwell focuses on the traits that made people genocidal killers, Szegedy- Maszak focuses on what made them sadistic torturers. According to Szegedy- Maszak traits that are necessary for torture are “authorization, routinization, and dehumanization” (76). These traits differ from Sartwell’s traits because they involve removing oneself from the traits that make us human. Szegedy-
Ayn Rand believed that collectivism is a hardship. She believed every man should be an individualist and live for themselves and no one else. This vision was portrayed through her book Anthem that featured a young boy named Equality 7-2521. Equality lives in a society that suppresses individualism and raises the “brotherly contribution and need” above anything else. “The Anthem” , a song by the pop punk band Good Charlotte, is about a young man that wants to be nothing like the other people in his world.
In turn, this ideology leads to the concept of religious dualism whereby those within the inner circle believe that certain kinds of people would not fit in with their society. As it is mentioned: “These men in the first place, live in villages, avoiding all cities on account of the habitual lawlessness of those who inhabit them, knowing that such a moral disease is contracted from association with wicked men, just as a real disease might be from an unhealthy atmosphere, and that this would have a deadly effect on their souls”(Every Good Man is Free 12:76). In other words, there is a clear distinction between what is perceived to be the ‘right’ way to live as well as what are moral/immoral, light/darkness and holy/blasphemy in communal living. Those seeking to live a life that caters to serving God’s commandments would find it appealing to live life in the ’right’
with Equality’s reputation. The author tries to grasp the reader’s attention using this technique, to help the reader to finish the book until the end. Above all, in Anthem there is many different thoughts that can determine your reputation, and with those thoughts come actions. Equality chooses to make the wrong actions determined by his thoughts and it causes him to think the society’s rules are not how Equality thinks that they should be.
In the novella Anthem, individual rights and freedom do not exist. The word “I” is prohibited to be spoken by men. Equality 7-2521 is a street sweeper of the city and he is different from the others in the society. Equality is more intelligent, taller, learns quicker, and he enjoys learning about science; especially how things move and work. Since the word “I” is the unspeakable word, Equality uses the word “We” to resemble that he is doing these actions .
The Road to Individualism Every great heroin will face a plethora of conflict in their journey. For Equality, it is not any less. Equality faces internal and external conflict in his path to heroism, faces conflict with others, but also himself. As his desire for a new life grows, more problems arise.
“The question isn’t who is going to let me, it’s who is going to stop me”(Ayn Rand). When The Council tried to restrict the narrator, Equality 7-2521, from being different from his brothers and everyone else in the society, he still continued to think and experiment on his own. Ayn Rand’s novel Anthem, takes place in a future, dystopian society, where the idea of individualism is no longer accepted by society. Throughout the plot, Equality 7-2521 is breaking away from the rules of The City and he works as a street sweeper trying to make up for his sins. He makes some discoveries and strengthens relationships along the way.