After the Civil War, the nation was very obliterated - metaphorically and literally. Tensions between the North and the South were very high, and the fact that a lot of the land where battles had been fought was destroyed didn’t help at all. One side of Congress used Reconstruction to try and fix a divided country, while Congress in the South were behind the scenes tearing it apart even more. “‘The Compromise of 1877’ was the South’s last bit of ammunition against African Americans and abolitionists.” (Source 4) Since this tore the nation apart even more, and the South was not agreeing with anything that national congress was saying, national congress was forced to make an actual
Its failure was firmly secured in 1873 when the Supreme Court began to undermine the Constitutional Amendments and the Civil Rights Act in the Slaughter-House Cases. Military and political force was used in an attempt to give slaves equal rights to the white man. However, the actions of the South had stopped that from happening. Slaves were free but they were trapped in plantation labor. They could vote but many could not.
Savannah Gitchel Mrs. Hodges-Bond Cambridge US History 3 October 2016 Meeting of the Minds Dred Scott The Dred Scott v. Sandford case was a pivotal point in leading America to civil war. The Supreme Court stated that even though Scott was in a free state, he was still the property of his owner and had to remain that way. Abolitionists were angered even further by this decision, whether they wanted complete abolishment, or just to stop the spread of slavery into the North. Reversely, the south was overjoyed with the decision. This increased the sectional conflict between the North and South.
In the early 20th century, the black people were facing social rights issues most of the time, treated unfairly, and being separated from the whites. For instances, they did not get the rights to vote and get proper education. Such acts reflect that the blacks were still much being discriminated by the whites. With the dawn of 20th century, researchers could not find much evidences about the racial discrimination due to the illiteracy rate of the black people. The major racial discrimination in the 20th century happened with the formation of the separatist movement called the Ku Klux Klan.
Around the 1930’s and 1940’s there was extreme racial judgment against the African American community. They would immediately be put down and racially profiled by many. By Being different from the White people it held them back from living their lives freely. Socially they were led to live a failed lifestyle because of the racial and economic forces that helped mold and poked at the African Americans like Bigger to live up to the typical stereotype. Wright puts Bigger in a hostile , brutal social environment which helps shape Bigger Thomas, and also puts a harsh eye on the Whites of the community.
The 13th amendment was passed by the congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the states on december 6, 1865. President Lincoln made the Emancipation Proclamation declaring “all persons held as slaves within any State, or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” The Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in the nation But it started to help abolishing slavery and making it and
The 13th Amendment allowed the African Americans to be released from the institutionalized oppression of slavery, at the same time allowing them to achieve political and civil rights. It did not protect them from the violence that they will experience on a physical and physiological level, the newly freed African Americans that were victimized by different factors such as political regulations. Many African Americans attempted to exercise their newly acquired rights, but as a result, white southerners saw this as problematic and resorted to taking violent actions. Violence became one of the primary acts which caused the African American community’s rights to become void and it puts their black lives and black livelihood at stake.
The whites feared mixing of the race which is the Mongrel Race; because they were afraid the white race would be diluted. So, they did everything keep blacks at the bottom. The Southern states reacted by creating and enforcing Jim Crow laws. The Jim Crow was a system created as a segregation of colored people and white people, but mainly focusing on blacks. These laws existed because of the idea of being superior (Ferris State University, 2012).
Slavery in America created an upsurge of racial discrimination. This demoralizing practice forced many generations of black “slave” Americans to endure, or more specifically suffer the extortions of white people. They were dehumanized as the very essential criteria for survival in society was eliminated from their lives or even from their dreams. Their identity, their self respect suffered for they were viewed as the “properties” of white people. America gradually became a powerful country but they forgot to thank the black hands whose excessive toil had built the country.
When Dr. King was alive, society was very different from present day. In the 1960’s the community was heavily divided and was experiencing the difficulty of segregation. The African Americans were not treated equally as the whites so Dr. King worked to improve the civil rights for African Americans. In his speech, he proclaimed that “Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice.” If Dr. King was alive, he would not be satisfied with the amount of progress made since the 1960’s. Additionally, in Dr. King’s speech, he declared that “Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality” and this still occurs.