Atticus knew race was the main reason this case was brought to trial. At the time the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, took place, blacks were not treated equally. Atticus also knew that if a white man went to trial against a black man, or vice versa, the black man would be guilty no
“Right actions in the future are the best apologies for bad actions in the past”- Troy Edwards. In To Kill A Mockingbird it gives textual evidence on how racism and justice were used. When African Americans got decremented against, the way we changed that in today’s society is by showing that everyone's equal, everyone has the same right and no race is higher than any other. To Kill A Mockingbird gives multiple examples of how racism was put into action. Tom Robinson was a black man who got accused of raping a white girl.
In this Allusion Atticus uses three comparisons saying that in court a pauper is equal to a Rockefeller and the stupid man is equivalent to an Einstein; The court is the great equalizer. Atticus also uses many varying styles of syntax which creates strong logos and pathos appeals, and persuades his court. A fitting example of this is when Atticus explains, “And so a quiet, respectable, humble Negro who had the unmitigated temerity to ‘feel sorry’ for a white woman has had to put his word against two white people.
I believe that Atticus Finch shows wisdom in the Novel by participating in Tom robinson’s trial. Not a lot of white men at that time were willing to stick up for a black man, let alone defend him in court. The trial was Tom Robinson (a black man) against Bob and Mayella Ewell, a white family who claims Tom raped Mayella. Everyone knows that the Ewell’s will win, because it’s a white family’s word against a black man’s. When Scout asks Atticus why he’s defending Tom, he responds with; “‘For a number of reasons,’ said Atticus.
This can be connected to the predicament of African Americans as common law would direct that all men are made equivalent. An equitable law "is a man-made code that squares with the ethical law or the law of God. "viii Thoreau contends that uncalled for laws exist yet not every single unjustifiable law ought to be battled against. He trusts that "if the foul play is a vital's piece rubbing of the machine of government, let it go… perchance it will wear smooth- - surely the machine will wear out."ix
Atticus Finch’s views on racism are bespoke in Part I, to foreshadow what will happen at the Tom Robinson case. Atticus says, “I’m simply defending a Negro—his name’s Tom Robinson” (Lee 75). Atticus believes that he should be able to defend any man, regardless of his color. Even though, almost all of the white citizens in Maycomb do not think it is right for a white man to defend a black man, Atticus does not conform with society’s beliefs of racism. Lee’s foreshadowing, helps for the upcoming event in Part II because now the reader knows how Atticus feels about racism and steps away from the towns
They wasn’t a moment where any of Rodney's thought or ideas were taken into account or justified. Racism relates to collective behavior in 1992, because blacks do not agree with the treatment or verdict of how Rodney was being treated, it is a form of Structural strain because racism was the underlying problem that created this negative situation. They wanted to defend and retaliate, they want their rights to be heard which caused them to act out in such a rash
Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird is set in the small city of Maycomb, an interesting town with quiet folk, and a place where prejudice and racism run high. The people of Maycomb accept classical Southern traditions and have no desire to change their ways. In this city lives Atticus Finch, a middle-aged lawyer with two young children. Atticus challenges the racist traditions of Maycomb by defending Tom Robinson, a black man, and treating everyone with undeserved respect. Through his humility, wisdom, and courage, Atticus demonstrates a strong commitment to morality and desire to establish justice in his community.
During the trial in the book to kill a mockingbird by Harper Lee. The Lawyer Atticus Finch uses rhetorical appeals such as ethos, logos, and pathos tap into the jury's sense of ethics, logic and emotion to convey Tom Robinson, a black man, is innocence in a rape case. Atticus uses ethos many times throughout his closing argument, His most powerful ones are “I would like to… remind you that this case is not a difficult one… but it does require you to be sure beyond all reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the defendant”. This makes the jury think again because Atticus is forcing the jury to look in at their own morals when he says to be sure upon all reasonable doubt.
Tom Robinson is a young African-American who's been accused of raping and abusing Mayella Ewell, a young and closeted white woman. Racial discrimination is hinted throughout Tom’s trial as Atticus Finch explains to Jem that a white man’s word will always win over that of a black man’s - "... In our courts, when it's a white man's word against a black man's, the white man always wins. They're ugly, but those are the facts of life" (220). Atticus explains to Jem that in the courts of Maycomb, a black man’s state of innocence or guilt is truly determined by a white man’s testimony.
Atticus shows courage by defending a black man in court in his extremely racist town. Judge Taylor asked Atticus to defend the black man, Tom Robinson who was on trial for his life. The judge knew Atticus would fight for Tom fairly. Atticus accepted this challenge knowing that the citizens of Maycomb may disagree with his decision. He believed every individual was equal and Atticus felt it was his obligation to represent him to the best of his ability.
( Gaines pg: 8) This is a perfect example on how the attorney believes Jefferson is guilty in his case because in the end he gave the jury a mental image for a moment to vision Jefferson being guilty and then comparing the relationship on whether it matters to keep this man alive or not. All the evidence the attorney had to present Jefferson’s defense showed how much of a difference it is to be black rather then white in the
Atticus alludes the jury to two of the most famous men in the era. When Atticus is saying this to the jury and everyone else he is saying that not everyone will play the role that they are given. Just because Tom Robinson is African-American doesn’t mean that he is bad and will do unlawful things. Another example of allusion is when Atticus is asking Mayella about what Tom Robinson did to her. He says, “It 's not an easy question Miss Mayella, so I 'll try again.
To Kill a Mockingbird is a well know book that elaborates on racial, and social equality. Harper Lee authored, and published this book in July of 1960. The book is about a father with two curious children named Jeremy, and Scout. They learn many life lessons throughout the novel, helping them understand the state of racial and social inequality. Atticus their father is very educated, and a wise man.
The most important theme in this novel that is apparent throughout the entire book is social inequality. This sets the tone for the book and most events are based around this common theme. Throughout the book, the characters learn about the real world through the racism and unbalance of social power that takes place during this time period. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee represents the struggles for social equality in the 1930's through two young characters that grow up around people that are pushing racism and segregation. For example, it was known throughout the whole town that Atticus “won’t win, he can’t win” (Lee 246) in his trial defending a black man.