They soon have bigger problems than rude teachers or peculiar neighbors when Jem and Scout’s father, Atticus, takes a case defending a black man accused of rape. In Mark Twain’s LYNCHING Moral Cowardice, Twain talks about the reasons behind
1. Though there is an incredible amount of important characters in the novel, to me, the most significant character in Part 1 of To Kill a Mockingbird is Atticus Finch. His actions and treatment towards everyone and everything caused me think the most in comparison to the other characters. For instance, Atticus makes an important decision to defend Tom Robinson, a black man, in trial during Chapter 9, thus leading to harassment towards his family not only from school, but even from their own neighbor and a relative. While his actions put him and his family in trouble, Atticus still stands firm in his beliefs.
In addition, Atticus went against his moral code and principles he had always upheld before, especially in the Tom Robinson trial. Now, Atticus is faced with the decision of abiding by the law or breaking it in order to do the right thing. He knew that incarcerating a man, as withdrawn and solitary as Arthur would have been unforgivable. Especially, after Arthur had performed a great deed by saving his children 's life. He knew that exposing him would be an awful way of repaying him; it would have been like "shooting a mockingbird."
Told from the point of view of Scout Finch, you learn about her father Atticus Finch, an attorney who desperately strives to validate the innocence of a black man unjustly accused of rape; and about Boo Radley, a secretive neighbor who saves Scout and her brother Jem from being murdered. What atticus should not have done in the first place though is defend Tom Robinson (the black man
Atticus is one of the main characters in “To Kill a Mockingbird” who defines courage and bravery by attempting to do something that seems nearly impossible. He decides to defend Tom Robinson, a black man accused of assaulting and raping a white woman, Mayella Ewell. By taking this case,
In To Kill A Mockingbird, Tom Robinson is a black man who is wrongly accused and tried for the crime of raping Mayella Ewell, a white woman, and is being defended by his lawyer, Atticus Finch. According to the book it’s written “I guess Tom was tired of white men’s chances and preferred to take his own.” This shows how Tom struggled emotionally because Tom was emotionally tired of being controlled by others, letting others have the opportunity to control his life and what happened to his family. Deciding to take matters into his own hands, Tom ran for it even though he knew there were high risks of him being killed, which shows how the caged bird in the poem “Caged Bird” is much like him. In the poem “Caged Bird” by Maya Angelou, the caged bird is compared and contrasted to a free bird and by examining the circumstances of Tom Robinson’s life, I say that he is very much like the caged bird. For instance, in stanza two it’s stated “His wings are clipped and/ His feet are tied/ So he opens his throat to sing.” If we compare the bird’s wings to Tom Robinson’s hope, the feet to his heart, and his action of running to the action of opening his throat to sing, we can visualize the song that Tom Robinson would sing, one about him losing hope and not wanting anyone to control his life anymore, and so in this manner he is very much like the
Atticus takes the gun and within one good look, shoots the dog and ends the life of a struggling, out of control dog. This shows that Atticus used courage because he hasn’t shot a gun in many years, but he does it to protect those that live in Maycomb county. Another amazing encounter we have in the story about courage goes
In addition, in the book it says, “I'm simply defending a Negro his name's Tom Robinson.” (pg 69). In this case when Atticus tells Scout that he is taking the case when no other lawyer would do it. As can be seen, Atticus is showing moral
In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch employs pathos and diction in his closing argument to the jury and the people of Maycomb in order to persuade them to see beyond their prejudice and free Tom Robinson. Atticus informs the jury about the evil assumptions that society makes about Negroes. Pathos is used to persuade the jury when Atticus says, “Some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women—black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men” (Lee 273). In saying this, Atticus tries to convince the audience and jury that everyone is capable of making mistakes, and differences in appearance does not mean that groups of people are superior to others.
He has his own beliefs on the rights of the African American community and teaches his kids the rights and the wrongs of the world. Atticus stands up against the community when he goes to the jailhouse by himself to protect Tom Robinson. “You can turn around and go home again, Walter” (Harper 202) This quote shows that everybody in the community stood against Atticus while he went to the courthouse to protect someone’s life regardless of their skin color. To Kill A MockingBird uses point of view and setting in different ways to help progress the theme of moral courage. Point of view is very important in the development of the theme of moral courage because we see Scout as an innocent child whose morality has not been tampered with but then we see that she is growing up and so are her ideas.
Some things may seem unethical from a far in war but, bad happens, and with an enemies push you can 't pull, you have to push back, but stronger. I’ve noticed some say that being a sniper is cowardly, but I disagree. He stopped others from killing the people on his side, making them able to continue. Unfortunately Chris’ brave run in life ended in 2013, when a former marine shot and killed him at a gun range. (Aldrich, Ian) Chris may mainly be remembered for shooting an enemy from an unbelievable 2,100 yards away, or a call he made when an unaware child was holding a weapon that threatend his people, but in all honesty, he should be remembered for the strength, nobility, and bravery he showed, not his stats.
One more assumption that is made in this novel is that African Americans are to be treated as less than white men. Tom Robinson, for example, is proved guilty in his trial for being accused of raping Mayella Ewell just because he is a black man, even though the evidence clearly shows that he is innocent. In Atticus’s closing summation, he says, “You know the truth, and the truth is this: some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women—black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men. (204)” This quote is saying that black men themselves are not a problem, but that it is the whole human race that should not be trusted.
Atticus alludes the jury to two of the most famous men in the era. When Atticus is saying this to the jury and everyone else he is saying that not everyone will play the role that they are given. Just because Tom Robinson is African-American doesn’t mean that he is bad and will do unlawful things. Another example of allusion is when Atticus is asking Mayella about what Tom Robinson did to her. He says, “It 's not an easy question Miss Mayella, so I 'll try again.
My favorite quotation from the book is, “He wished that he, too, had a wound, a red badge of courage. (PG.40)” When Henry saw a mob of men being shot, he ran over to see them. He saw blood on each person and envied them, as they have a red badge of courage and he doesn’t. This quote states that instead of being cowards in the war, the men fought, while Henry did not do anything. He was too scared to do anything, as he never fought in a war before.
Atticus showed moral courage defending a black man when the people in the courtroom continue to wait for the news of guilty. Lee gave Tom Robinson a sad outcome which leads to courage. In the novel, Atticus stated that Robinson is dead to his sister, Aunt Alexandra, and it created a really depressing and sad mood. Lee made the death sound really horrible and in a way to show moral courage in the characters. Atticus described that the guards “...fired a few shots in the air, then to kill.