In the poem, “The Raven,” Edgar Allan Poe uses gothic themes and numerous literary devices to illustrate the depressed state of the narrator. The narrator is obsessed with the fact that his loved one, Lenore, is gone. The reader is then led to suspect that the narrator is unreliable and may have possibly killed Lenore – and that this could possibly be the reason for the narrator drowning himself in sorrow. Poe suggests through the form of the poem-i.e. long drawn out line length, falling trochaic syllables, repetitive assonance- that the narrator’s inability to escape melancholy is a direct result of the narrator’s unstable mental condition.
Metaphors are used in Poe’s “The Fall of the House of Usher” to convey the grim, mad mood of the story. “I looked upon the scene before me --upon the mere house, and the simple landscape features of the domain --upon the bleak walls --upon the vacant eye-like windows -- upon a few rank sedges --and upon a few white trunks of decayed trees --with an utter depression of soul which I can compare to no earthly sensation more properly than to the after-dream of the reveller upon opium --the bitter lapse into everyday life --the hideous dropping off of the veil. There was an iciness, a sinking, a sickening of the heart --an unredeemed dreariness of thought which no goading of the imagination could torture into aught of the sublime.” (paragraph 1) This is in the beginning of the story, where the narrator has arrived at the house and his describing its depressing appearance. The house reflects upon the character of Usher, as a metaphor. The description of the house is not only sad and as if it could crumble, but a bit creepy, which could also be used to describe Usher.
The narrator feels “utter depression of soul which I can compare to no earthly sensation more properly than to the after-dream of the reveller upon opium” (“Fall of the House of Usher”474). The narrator openly confesses that he uses drugs and that he is depressed which can cloud a person 's judgement. By the end of the story the narrator becomes frighten by the house but says, “irrepressible tremor gradually pervaded my frame; and, at length, there sat upon my very heart an incubus of utterly causeless alarm. Shaking this off with a gasp and a struggle, I uplifted myself upon the pillows, and, peering earnestly within the intense darkness of the chamber, hearkened --I know not why, except that an instinctive spirit prompted me --to certain low and indefinite sounds which came, through the pauses of the storm, at long intervals, I knew not whence” (“The Fall of The House of Usher” 488). At this moment the narrator has become more frightened than ever and it is unlikely that see things for what they
A noted reminder of the true sadness hidden within middle american culture, to only escape is a shame reflected back to him and his inability to escape where he relates to “especially at night, when all the ship 's structured fun...I felt despair... despair, but it 's a serious word.” Wallace draws awareness to the word “Despire” as Paul Giles states that it draws “knowingness and insecurity” into Wallaces essay. The awareness of despire is a common suffereing for Middle American culture, it draws on irony, falseness and consumer consuption, these are all ideas that Wallace relates to and can not escape from. Like every other Middle American, Wallces confesses to that fact that “ I cannot escape my own essential and newly unpleasant
Philip Roth charges Sabbath’s Theater with a multi-faceted type of obscenity. At first, the borderline-psychopathic protagonist, Mickey Sabbath, seems like the archetype of sexual perversion and insatiability; and— what is worse— Sabbath is unfazed by his disgraced state. Yet, even through all his cringing qualities, Sabbath transcends his vices: Roth writes in a manner that prompts sympathy for him. For example, the reader gains insight into his internal hauntings— namely, the death of his brother, who left behind only his good taste in music, and of his mother, whose ghost plagues him. Sabbath then quips about the captivating diversity of skin color in Brazilian women.
Hatred, Insanity, and unreliability; all of theses qualities relate to the narrator of the “The Tell Tale Heart” and the speaker of “I Can Stand Him No Longer.” Edgar Allan Poe introduces a menacing narrator in this piece of writing. Raphael Dumas’ speaker in this poem shows hatred for another man. He exaggerates while explaining this hatred. Both authors make the people speaking in the story unreliable, causing an untrusting tone. The narrator of “The Tell Tale Heart”clearly shows his determination to terrorize the old man when the narrator sneaks into the old man's room, his finger slips on the lantern and he wakes the man is shown when the narrator: “stalked with his black shadow” ; harkened) to the death that watches in the wal” ; pitted
Characterization is the element which focuses on a character and tells about the character personality . In the story tell tale heart the main character tries to show that he isn´t mad. He begins by telling about a nice old man who hav´nt insulted him, but had the eye of a vulture which haunted him day and night and ¨made his blood run cold.¨ The narrator can be viewed as paranoid of the ¨vulture eye¨ in the story. When the narrator says ¨It was open-wide, wide open and i grew furious as i gazed upon it,¨ shows that he is paranoid. The Narrator in some moments of the story can be as scared and nervous.
The symbols of light acts as their conscience, as they begin to become consumed with the guilt of their actions and spiral out of control. Macbeth’s remorse becomes too strong as he can’t even sleep anymore, because the darkness reminds him of the evilness within him in the darkness. Macbeth recalls, “Methought I thought a voice cry- “sleep no more! Macbeth does murder sleep”- the innocent sleep” (2.2.47-8) Macbeth becomes paranoid, obsessive, and careless in his actions following his first murder. Lady Macbeth uses the light to hide herself from the darkness and evilness that surrounds her as she “she has light by her continually; ‘tis her command” (5.1.20) The same darkness that she used to commit her murders, to hide her conscience that could’ve prevented her from committing the crimes, is now the one she fears, that she needs protecting from.
Edgar Allen Poe is trying to convince the readers that the main character feels guilty for killing the old man. There are many parts in the story where Poe wants the reader to understand that even though the main character seems foolish he still feels sorrow. That the theme of the story clearly gives as isolate because of the crime. The author depicted the theme by using the unnamed character. This is largely a study in human terror experienced on two levels, both depressing to observe.
The story was dark because a man was literally looking death straight in the eyes. He had to suffer from the mental aspect of the descending pendulum. In another one of Poe’s works death is also present. In “The Cask of Amontillado,” Montresor, the narrator, plots a revenge against his secret enemy Fortunato. Montresor feels Fortunato has insulted him one too many times.