Fanconi anemia (FA) which was first described the Swiss pediatrician Guido Fanconi; is most often inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, and very rarely this condition is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern .FA leads to bone marrow failure (aplastic anemia), leukemia and/or solid tumors of the head, neck and brain region. Fanconi anemia individuals have short stature and some have developmental defects, including thumb and arm anomalies, Skeletal anomalies of the hips, spine or ribs, kidney problems, skin discoloration (café-au-lait spots), small head or eyes, intellectual developmental delay or learning disabilities, low birth weight, and small reproductive organs in males . Brain tumors might lead to communication disorders; …show more content…
It is a neurological condition caused by impairment to the portions of the brain in charge for language, and it does not distress intelligence. Because language has a critical role in our daily lives, aphasia can be very challenging. So, individuals with aphasia may find it problematic to speak, comprehend speech, read and write. The type and severity of aphasia depends on the location and degree of the damaged brain tissue. Aphasia can range from mild—where a task like retrieving the names of objects is tough—to severe—where any type of communication is almost impossible . According to the chapter “Aphasia: Classification of the syndrome”: “All language deficits that occur after brain injuries are called aphasia”. Moreover, anyone can have aphasia, including children, however in most cases it occurs within middle-aged or older people. Aphasia is initiated by impairment to one or more of the language zones of the brain. Many times, the reason of brain injury is a stroke; a stroke arises when blood is incapable of reaching a specific part of the brain, thus brain cells die when they do not receive their average amount of blood, which carries oxygen and important nutrients. Other causes of brain injury are severe blows to the head, brain tumors, brain infections, and other conditions that affect the brain …show more content…
This type of aphasia is also known as non-fluent or expressive aphasia. Patients with Broca’s Aphasia have difficulties in producing sentences with correct grammar and good syntactic structure; in addition to that their speech is limited mainly to short utterances of less than four words. Producing the right sounds or finding the right words is often a difficult process. Some persons have more difficulty using verbs than using nouns. A person with Broca’s aphasia may comprehend speech, particularly when the grammatical structure of the spoken language is simple. However they find it harder to understand sentences with more complex grammatical construct. Individuals with this type of aphasia can read; however they lack the ability to write. Broca’s aphasia results from injury to speech and language brain areas such the left hemisphere inferior frontal gyrus, among others. Such damage is often a result of stroke but may also occur due to brain trauma. Like in other types of aphasia, intellectual and cognitive capabilities not related to speech and language may be fully preserved
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People with ALS still will have the ability to gain intelligence, touch, taste, smell, hear, see, and be able to function sexually (Harvard Med School Family Health Guide). Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is also referred
However in the book written by Shawn Jennings called Locked In Locked Out the protagonist experiences a car accident that engenders him to have a stroke. Shawn is unwillingly forced to learn everything he once knew over again, except his train of thoughts. In the book Locked In Locked Out, the Author mirrors the limited verbal capacity of Shawn and communicates primarily through non verbal body language and signs, emphasizing importance of non verbal communication in providing nursing care. ( need to fix because Shawn is the author and telling us about his life)
In the scientific fiction story, ”Flowers for Algernon” by Daniel Keyes, Charlie Gordon is a mentally impaired man. He is confused , hardworking, and determined . For instance, the text states, ”Dr. Strauss says I shud rite down what I think and everything that happens to me from now on.” This shows that Charlie gets confused of how words are spelled.
SAY, the Stuttering Association for the Youth, supports children who stutter feel less alone, and feel more self-confident. Stuttering can make a person repeat, or stretch out syllables, and/or become silent in the middle of a word or sentence. As mentioned in the article,” The Incredible Power of Speech”, it’s no surprise that scientists find it difficult to discover a cure for stuttering. The complex production of your voice includes the working together of your body parts. Regardless of the curing process being a hard and an extremely complicated one, according to, “The Incredible Power of Speech”, scientists have managed to pinpoint parts of the brain that control speech.
From the text, Broca’s aphasia is defined as an expressive language disorder resulting from damage to the Broca’s area of the frontal lobe of the brain. Strokes are common causes of most aphasias and one type of stroke known as an Ischemic stroke, happens when the blood supply to the brain is repressed because of a blockage in an artery. The girl in the video named Sarah suffered from aphasia and it was fairly obvious because of the symptoms she displayed. For example, I noticed that her speech was very slow and effortful and that she had a hard time putting words together to form complete sentences. Also, her speech was very dysfluent as she said “um” a lot and spoke in short telegraphic phrases.
“A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a disruption in the normal functioning caused by a blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating injury” (Owens, 2015). People who suffer from a TBI may have trouble with speaking or understanding language. According to Kathleen bell MD from the “living with traumatic brain injury video”, They may have “problems with double vision difficulty with moving about the most common problems that people have and this stretches across mild to more severe brain injuries is problems with thinking and problems with managing behavioral emotions” (Living with a Traumatic Brain Injury, 2012.) There are three main types of brain injuries: contusion, axonal injury, and bleeding in the brain. A contusion to the brain is essentially
Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disorder it is also known as sickle cell disease. A genetic disorder is something that is passed down from parent to child. This is a disease of the hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a red protein responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood of vertebrates. Sickle cell anemia causes your red blood cells to stiffen, although your red blood cell are supposed to be flexible.
Sickle cell disease prevents one of the body 's most fundamental re-sources, the blood, from adequately transporting oxygen to the tissue, which can result in organ damage and many other related complications. A sickle cell related "crisis" can be extremely painful for patients, and deadly in some cases. Both quality of life and life expectancy are reduced for sickle cell patients, even when the disease is optimally managed with existing therapies, blood transfusions, vitamin regimens and a host of other precautions. "
Speech-language pathologists are people who “work to prevent, assess, diagnose, and treat speech, language, social communication, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders in children and adults” (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 1997). Speech-language pathologists can work in different fields including schools, nursing homes, in private practices, and for the state. However, many speech language pathologist choice to work with kids in early intervention, schools, and in private practices. Early Intervention is a program offered by the state that provide services to babies and toddlers with delayed development or disabilities. “Nearly 1 in 12 (7.7 percent) U.S. children ages 3-17 has had a disorder related to voice, speech,
TOM Like... is your voice gone or can you not actually speak? SARAH shakes her head. Signalling him to wait a second, she grabs her phone, opens a note-taking app, and passes it across the table. A sentence is already written in, saying 'I cannot speak, I have aphonia'.
How Dementia Effects Language Dementia is a disease that affects many elderly citizens. This disease is characterized by memory problems that can lead to communication issues, behavior issues and problems in many other aspects of life. The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease; studies show that up to 70% of dementia patients have this. Care for dementia patients can range from family and friends checking in on them, all the way up to assisted/nursing home care. Dementia affects language in the following ways:
Hyperkalemia What is hyperkalemia? Hyperkalemia is the medical term for high serum potassium levels. This is often caused by kidney disease, high dietary potassium intake, increased cell breakdown, insulin insufficiency, and use of certain medications (eg, NSAIDs, beta-blockers). Rapid elevations in potassium or very high potassium levels may produce symptoms such as muscle weakness, paralysis, cardiac arrhythmias, and even death.
This damage interferes with the ability of brain cells to communicate with each other. When brain cells are unable to communicate normally, thinking, behavior and feelings can be affected. Different brain cells are affected by different types of dementia. When brain cells in a particular region are affected, that area of brain function is
Depending on how the other characters in the show portray the individual with the disorder, the audience may view the speaker as uneducated or illiterate; however, some movies or television shows may bring a positive outlook and provide motivation for the person with the condition. For example, in the movie, The King’s Speech, the main character had a stuttering problem and was seeking assistance through a Speech-Language Pathologist. The King develops a friendship with the therapist and underwent intensive speech therapy. After several sessions, he began to progress with his stuttering problem and gained confidence in his communication abilities. The other characters in the movie were encouraged by the King’s dedication and hard work, which motivated him to perform at the best of his abilities.