4. Many people like to think that we are completely free beings and that everything we do is a result of a decision we made ourselves. However, not all of our actions are free; many of the things we do are influenced by something else and therefore become deterministic. For example, the morals and values we have influence us to behave a certain way. Some people may think that they chose to have those morals and values and therefore it was an act of free will; however, many of those things were dependent upon what their parents taught them was moral and valuable.
Free-will is the natural instinct to do as you feel. Fate is the journey that is planned out for you and the rest of your life. Oedipus Rex and Revenge of the Sith, show recognition to the debate on fate vs free-will. ‘Who followed their fate?”, “Did Oedipus and Anakin follow their imaginations instead of their realities?” The impact of these stories show that fate is a stronger force than free-will.
The debate regarding whether or not humans are ultimately responsible for their actions and decisions has grown rapidly in the twenty-first century, as this debate was mainly a theological and philosophical debate, rather than a scientific one, and mainly a debate restricted to experts and scholars. The two opposing theories which create such a debate are Libertarianism and Determinism. Libertarianism proposes the argument that free choice is true, and since it is true, complete causal determinism must be false and does not exist. This view accepts the psychological image and rejects the mechanistic image of one’s actions and decisions. The psychological image, also known as the ‘common sense view’ looks at the mind, feelings, and emotions,
I never think about whether I have free will or not before . Every time I made a decision, I took it for granted. I thought what I thought was right and I did not doubt my decisions. Because it was my own decisions. I was confident about my decisions, which did not mean that I did not contemplate; I thought about things outside my mind but not my ability to think freely and act freely. I In terms of free will, there is a dispute between determinists, metaphysical libertarian, and compatibilists. Determinists states that people have no free will as there is a cause and effect relationship between two event, while metaphysical libertarian argues that people do have free will because they feel free to make a decision by following their will. With
Some philosophers, to my surprise, do believe free will is an illusion. Galen Strawson’s Basic Argument, argues that nothing can be causa sui or that nothing can be the cause of itself (On Galen Strawson’s Basic Argument, Pg. 1). Causa sui states that “we can never be ultimately morally responsible for our actions” (Your Move: The Maze of Free Will, Pg.1). In summation, if you’re responsible for what you do then you’re responsible for the way you are. But since you aren’t responsible for the way you are, then you aren’t responsible for what you do.
Free will allows freedom of choice. Free will is the ability to choose with intelligence and common sense. Our choices cannot be completely free from our knowledge, values, perceptions of everyday life and the things around us. Our choices are not free from the influence of our past thoughts and decisions. The freedom of free will is not discrediting influencing factors such as our own self-awareness, our ability to seek out knowledge and project the future, and our awareness of our own thinking. This is where our source of freedom comes from. It makes us as human beings aware of what we want. The proper understanding of free will is that our choices are not free from various influences, but we are free to make our own choices in the end. Peter van Inwagen argues that the very existence of moral responsibility entails the existence of free will.
The idea of free will has been argued about by many philosophers. Do humans really have free will or are we just going through the motions of life? What is free will? Free will is the freedom to choose. Not being determined to act in a certain way. Free will includes humans acting as their own agent's and making the choice to do something or not do it. In order for humans to make a choice morality has to be involved in free will. So that a human will have the capacity to make a choice and understand what that choice means, and what effect that choice will have, whether the choice is to do good or evil. One of the objections put forth against free will is that God is omnipotent and knows and sees all. This means that God knows the future and the past. Thus human actions are predetermined, and humans are forced to act in a certain way (Determinism).
Fate or free will? Paulo Coelho once said: “I can control my destiny, but not my fate. Destiny means there are opportunities to turn right or left, but fate is a one-way street. I believe we all have the choice as to whether we fulfill our destiny, but our fate is sealed.” According to oxford dictionary, fate is the development of events outside a person’s control, regarded as predetermined by a super natural power.
Ralph Waldo Emerson once said “The only person you are destined to become is the person you decide to be.” Some people choose to believe in fate while others choose to believe in free will. Fate is a power that is believed to control what happens in the future. Free will is the ability to choose the decisions in your life to be whatever you want them to be. One cannot live their life depending on luck or chance which is why free will depicts our future.
Actions are made by causes. We cannot predict everything in the future and with that said, human actions are made by laws. According to Baron d’Holbach, we have a will, but the will is not free because of self-preservation and well-being. Forces that are independent make an impact on us because it could create desires we didn’t think existed.
Both hard and soft determinists believe that all actions are determined; however, soft determinists believe in responsibility, which is the result of freedom. Hard determinists advocate the idea of predetermined or predestined actions with no free will. On the other hand, soft determinists or compatibilist contend that there is a blend of determinism and free will. As a hard determinist, Baron d’Holbach believed that independent forces create desires that dictate an individual’s behavior. In contrast, Joseph Campbell explained that individuals have either have an ‘all-in ability’ and/or general ability. The general ability refers to physically being able to do something, such as walking or running while the ‘all-in ability’ involves the ability
Rachel Danzig AP Psychology Dr. Eisen August 20, 2015 I. Psychology’s History A. Psychology’s Roots 1. Prescientific Psychology a. Socrates and his student Plato stated that the human mind is separate from the body and our knowledge is born within us b. Aristotle, Plato’s student, disagreed, concluding that knowledge can not be preexisting and we grow it from our experiences within our memories c. In the 1600s Rene Descartes believed that the mind can survive the body’s death and our brain holds animal spirits in its fluid and flow from the brain through nerves enabling reflexes d. In 1620 Francis Bacon established that humans functioned around order and patterns e. Adding to Bacon’s ideas was John
Free Will, written by Sam Harris explores the question of whether or not humans have free will. In his book, Harris concludes that free will is essentially impossible. In the beginning of his book, Harris starts out by disproving the idea of free will by stating, “Without free will, sinners and criminals would be nothing more than poorly calibrated clock work, and any conception of justice that emphasized punishing them (rather deterring, rehabilitating, or merely containing them) would appear utterly incongruous. And those of us who work hard and follow the rules would not ‘deserve’ our success in any deep sense” (Harris, 1). Harris ends the quote by noting that most people do not believe in theses conclusions.