In recent years, there has been and still is much debate over stem cell cloning and its applications. The topics of embryonic stem cells and human cloning are very large and very controversial issues that have many facets to them, and these also tend to be the issues that overshadow the smaller, less heated topics of therapeutic cloning and animal reproductive cloning. Both therapeutic cloning with its hypothetical use in medicine and animal reproductive cloning with its potential to revive extinct species are gallant undertakings, yet both sides also have their share of fallacies and drawbacks.
Background Cloning is the process by which an identical replica of any living organism can be created. Clones are organisms that have identical genes as the original organism. That indicates that each organism 's DNA, when cloned, is identically remade. Since cloning has first been discovered, many animals and crops have been cloned.
Cloning and genetic engineering are marvels of modern science. Not only can we design and build machines, now we can design and grow living beings that have traits we choose before conception. I have always been curious when I hear about animals being cloned, patients having gene therapy treatment, having an organ or body part grown to replace a damaged one, and many other ways that science is using cloning and genetic engineering. It amazes me every time I hear about these because we are getting close to knowing most of what there is to living beings. One of the things I did not know was how scientists create an embryo out of one organism with the exact same DNA.
James Joyce once said that “mistakes are the portals of discovery.” However, when it comes to the field of genetic engineering, specifically cloning, mistakes, or even discoveries, could turn out to be disastrous. Victor Frankenstein found this out when, in the book Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, he discovers the secrets to creating life which, some might say, led to a horrifying 8 foot tall creature. Nonetheless, cloning has become a lucrative field in the past twenty years since the first sheep was cloned. The process of cloning is essentially extracting tissue from an organism and growing the tissue within a laboratory by means of asexual reproduction.
Reproductive cloning is the production of a genetic duplicate of an existing organism. A human clone is therefore a genetic copy of an existing person. Reproductive cloning of humans was believed to be impossible until the birth of Dolly the sheep. Dolly was the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell. Following this major scientific and technological breakthrough, it raised the possibility that humans can be cloned using the same procedure‒
Cloning is an idea that is often portrayed in science fiction as a way to essentially duplicate another living being. It has been making an appearance in the real world as something that could be useful in the medical and scientific fields as a way to bring back animals or to save peoples’ lives. Due to how unique cloning is, it was portrayed in famous parts of the media such as Jurassic Park. Although cloning does sound promising, it does possess a darker side to it, which does raise both moral and ethical issues. There are articles that do discuss cloning in which they either list the benefits of it or tell us about what moral and ethical issues that do come out of cloning.
Cloning means ‘replicating a fragment of DNA placed in an organism so that there is enough to analyze or use in protein production’. This means to create a copy of some existing organism from already matured cells. There are many moral complexities that can be derived from the concept of cloning such as the manufacturing or the evolving of animals, humans, or plant material. There’s a conflict within society with the basic idea of manipulating cells in such a way that you create something. All in all, cloning seems to be a broad field with many varying opinions.
Therapeutic cloning can be replacing old organs on to someone or something else. Reproductive cloning is cloning a whole new human body. Therapeutic and reproductive cloning are just a waste of taxpayer money. Taxpayers would not benefit off of cloning in any way. Both therapeutic and reproductive cloning are dangerous.
• Mutations – in cloning, somatic cells play a significant role; when these cells contains mutations, the cloned animal can be weak or it could have lethal effects on the subject. • Early death or premature aging – when somatic cells undergo telemetric shortening during cloning, the results can be early death of the animal or premature aging. List and discuss the ethical issues associated with the form of Biotechnology that you have chosen: Opponents of cloning have concerns that: • It may lead to the generation of humans from whom organs and tissues would be harvested. • It could be prone to abuse • Technology is not yet developed enough to be safe • Concerns about how cloned individuals could integrate with families and with society at large.
Most people in our society, no matter what level of education that they may have, have heard of the cloning, specifically the cloning of Dolly the lamb, and have some notions regarding the idea of cloning humans. "The successes in animal cloning suggest to some that the technology has matured sufficiently to justify its application to human cloning" (Jaenisch et al.). However, not every agrees that human cloning is a something that should be put into practice (Hoskins). There generally seem to be two basic divisions on this issue: those who find it inappropriate and unethical, and those who find it a reasonable and necessary step in the progression of scientific research (Lustig).
The important goal in this technology lies in the possible discoveries of cures for major disease that exist worldwide. At this time the negative pain and suffering that is required in creating a human clone does not make it morally permissible to
What is cloning? Cloning is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals that occurs in nature when organisms such as bacteria, insects or plants reproduce asexually. (Cloning)Now that we know what cloning is, it is time for me to state my opinion on cloning. I personally think cloning is wrong for multiple reasons. During this persuasive essay I will elaborate more on my opinion.
Do you know that based on the scientific studies, 90% human cloning tuned out to be unsuccessful. Human cloning(modifying babies) is a process of producing new identical babies by altering their genomes. Some of studies show that scientists successfully cloned animals such as cows, Pigs, and sheep. For the past 3-5 years human cloning have a lot of debates and controversies between peoples. However Human cloning is dangerous for the new engineered baby and their moms, so it should be banned to prevent new disease, to constantly limit the population of dying human beings, and to stop unnecessary fees to modify babies.
What if therapeutic cloning gets in the wrong hands of people and become another Hitler. Therapeutic cloning should be approved and funded using tax payer money because it benefits many Americans. Therapeutic cloning un-values the use of embryonic stem cells to regenerate lost cells, therefore helping with limb replacement, new spinal cords for paraplegics, and curing cancer. Cloning can be both good and bad, only if people really want to use it for good will.
In the story Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, Victor Frankenstein, the main character and narrator of the story, attempted to re-create a human from the dead for the sake of having done so. Victor did not take a minute to think about the pros and cons of creating it. This situation is like modern day Scientists who are enthralled with the idea of cloning a human being. The ramifications -- both physical and social -- of accomplishing this is where the concern is. Cloning is bad because we don't know what is going to happen in the end, although there are those who are on the opposing side.