Essay On The Pros And Cons Of Animal Cloning

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Introduction
Cloning is the processes that are used in order to generate exact genetic makeup of a cell, tissue, or organism. The term clone refers to the copied material with the same genetic makeup of the original. According to the definition by National Genome Research Institute (NIH) cloning can be differentiated into three types, those are:
1. Gene cloning, which creates copies of genes or segments of DNA.
2. Reproductive cloning, which creates copies of organisms.
3. Therapeutic cloning, which creates embryonic stem cells. These cells will later be used to grow tissues to replace damaged ones in the human body.
Cloning at the gene level is acceptable and is done extensively in research areas. However, therapeutic cloning and reproductive cloning raises skepticism and debate both in the general society and the scientific community. Among the argument raised is the possibility of cloning human beings; whether the individuals derived are seen as a complete human with the whole set of human rights attached to them.

Body
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Fiester (2005) states that most of the animal cloning projects are driven by the goal of meeting human needs such as treatment of diseases, food production, and entertainment. However, there are animal cloning projects aimed at conserving endangered or
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This is due to some arguments that humans must not act as God by trying to recreate life or some part of life forms. Stephen Warner (1993) in Bainbridge (2003) suggested the term New Paradigm when referring to the perception that human society is still fundamentally driven by religion despite secularization that resulted from scientific progress, bureaucratic rationalization, and economic growth. Another opinion of Bainbridge (1985; 1997) in Bainbridge (2003) is that the act of ban on human reproductive cloning appears to have gained its strength from traditional religious

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