Obesity has created a population of lazy children all around the world. Estela Renner, director of the documentary Way Beyond Weight, displays the negative effects of obesity on the children in all societies ranging from villages in Brazil to big cities in the United States. Through specialists and children, Renner digs deep to find the cause of obesity and how much of an influence it can have on a child’s life. This epidemic has impacted the lives of all people, and can occur as early as infancy. Overweight children suffer from health issues such as diabetes, high blood pressure, arthritis, high cholesterol, and more. She finds that these children have a diets with high calories, fats, and sugars; they all drink multiple sodas and fruit drinks
In recent decade, the United States has seen supermarkets continuously get filled with packages labeled with things like “Low sodium” or “No Trans Fats.” Companies stick these labels on their food to match the current fads of what is good for you and what is not. In his essay Unhappy Meals, Michael Pollan advocates a return to natural and basic foods, and deplores nutritionism. Pollan argues that nutritionism does not actually tell people what is healthy or not, and that the only way to be sure you are eating healthy is to eat natural, fresh food.
People often discriminate overweight or obese people and categorize them as gluttons. However, since BMI is calculated by weight over height squared (kg/m^2), it can be inaccurately calculated when a person has huge head size, different torso-to-leg ratio, large muscle mass, etc. Take a friend as example. My friend is a muscular guy who goes to gym quite often and has height of 5’11”. However, when I calculated his BMI, his BMI appeared to be 26.8, which is considered overweight since normal adult BMI range from 18.5 to 24.9. Although my friend’s BMI is above the normal range, he is still healthy and fit. The example of my friend indicated that BMI should not be entirely trusted and the actual condition of that certain person should be taken into consideration along with the
The rate of childhood obesity has increased over few years. There are 41 million children in the world are overweight or at risk of obesity. Childhood obesity is a serious health problem. It cause physical ,psychological , and social problems. This problem can effect on children's for the rest of their lives. Childhood obesity is one of the main reasons of adulthood obesity also earlier risk obesity-related disease in adulthood. Obesity is defined as the condition in which excess body fat accumulates to the point of causing adverse health effects. It is determined by the body mass index (BMI), a measure that corresponds to weight in length. The ( BMI ) is a formula that produces a score that will show if a person is underweight, a normal weight, overweight or obese.
Child obesity is not merely an issue in the world but it has been seen as an epidemic. The number of overweight and obese children has increased at an alarming rate over the past years, and there is no chance of it slowly down without action being taken. Children suffering from obesity face an increased risk of compromised physical and mental well-being. Obesity in children is a significant public health concern. In addition, there is evidence that the incidence of children who are overweight is increasing despite efforts to the contrary. The consequences of child obesity are far reaching, implicating not only children on a physical scale but also socially and mentally. However,
Much is known about the increased prevalence of malnutrition and its adverse effects on health and well-being. As a result, the United Kingdom has invested in campaigns such as ‘Nutrition Now’ to increase awareness of the importance of hospital nutritional management, as a method to decrease malnutrition. As a result of series of these efforts, knowledge of public’s nutrition is likely to increase, however there is a little doubt if the knowledge can play practically on their daily life. For example, when five hundred patients aged 18-75 were asked nutrition knowledge in England, more than 90% of respondents were aware of recommendations to decrease fat, sugar and salt intake, indicating these basic messages being successfully conveyed. However,
a massive financial burden to fulfill. While much of the expenses are covered by government policy, this still leaves many Hispanics in low income more dangerous neighborhoods. Unsafe neighborhoods and parks result in a lack of safe places for children to get the necessary physical activity they need. An insufficient amount of physical activity is one of the leading causes of obesity in children. As mentioned earlier, schools are majorly affected by the obesity rates in children. Due to the large obesity rates in Hispanic American children, primarily Hispanic schools are especially susceptible to this problem. The schools are beginning to implement programs and educational classes to help end this epidemic at the community level. Hospitals
Lazarou & Kouta (2010) define obesity as “a chronic metabolic disease, considered to be one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease”, and state that hypertension, atherosclerosis and type two diabetes have also been shown to be more likely in people with obesity (p. 641). These adult health problems have now become commonplace amongst children and youth today (Tuckwood, 2012). With obesity being diagnosed at earlier ages, prevention becomes increasingly difficult; personal habits are harder to break, health risks are more serious, and the likelihood of living with obesity in adulthood is significantly higher. Fifty percent of children who are obese will become obese adults (Lazarou & Kouta, 2010). In order to grasp the relevancy of this health issue, an inquiry into Canadian data regarding adolescent obesity rates is in
Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Kit, B. K., & Flegal, K. M. (2012). Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among U.S. children and adolescents, 1999-2010. Journal of the American Medical Association, 307, 483–490.
Over the past generation obesity has become a major health issue. The term obesity is best describe as someone having a body mass index (BMI) equal to or above the 95th percentile. Within both genders of African American children and adolescent obesity has increased tremendously. Obesity can contribute too many chronic illnesses down the line if left untreated such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, asthma, and type 2 diabetes (Coreil, 2009). Studies have reported that within low income communities 1 out of 3 children are considered as overweight or obese (Ogden et al., 2010). Just counting for obesity within African Americans alone obesity has spike from 10.4% to 24.4% (Ogden et al., 2010). The key points which will be discussed are the social
Asthma, diabetes, heart disease, joint problems, depression, and even death are all effects of a deadly epidemic that is surging through the adolescents of America (Johnson). This epidemic is known as obesity. It has become the second leading cause of death in America, simply because it can lead to so many other health problems (Johnson). This devastating epidemic needs to be taken seriously. This can be done by examining the problem itself, the causes and effects of obesity, and figuring out some at-home and overall solutions.
According to the latest statistics from various sources, 1 out of 3 kids are obese in America and obesity is gradually becoming more and more common as it affects 37 percent of all adults and nearly 18 percent of all children in America (Yaniv and Rosin, 2009). The problem of obesity is also rising in parts of the developing world, as income levels rise and people have access to fattier products. In fact, the percentage of adult obesity has more than doubled while children’s obesity rates have more than tripled within the past thirty years around the globe (Yaniv and Rosin, 2009). However, despite the rise in global obesity rates, an alarming estimate of about 112,000 deaths are associated with obesity each in the U.S. alone. One of the chief causes is many people suffering from obesity do not make healthy food choices (Sturm, Powell, Chriqui and Chaloupka, 2010). This is largely because it is less time consuming and less expensive too eat unhealthy. Poorer consumers are often price sensitive to
It's not just hunger the only global food concern. It was found that the increasing average weight gain also has serious health implications, without distinguishing the level of development of countries. (Popkin et al, 2012),
The increasing movement of people, food and manufactured goods is consistent with the globalized system, which we are familiar with today. Although it is beneficial and almost essential for the continued economic sustainability of this system, studies show that it has a detrimental effect on public health.
It is a matter of issue that a number of studies have attempted to address this subject. Here Table 2.5 revealed that the estimated unhealthy and poor growth status can differ when several kinds of growth standards are used. One recent study showed that the Bangladeshi children aged 0–12 months had higher prevalence of wasting than stunting by reference of CDC (2000) growth charts but on the other hand wasting less than stunting reference by WHO (2006) growth charts (Table xx). For that reason, the summarization (See Annex xx) of the main references and classifications are using to define overweight and obesity in children and adolescents. These findings are indicate significant differences in the prevalence of overweight and obesity based on different references. But need more research in these areas in present and future to help the understand and guidelines for correct applications in different populations and for different purposes (Wang, Y., 2004