Globalization has allowed the integration of many different cultures, the transmission of different values and ideas to enhance social relations and connectivity, and establish interconnectedness. Like Manfred Steger mentioned in his book Globalization: a contested concept, globalization is not one process but rather a “set of processes”. The set of processes integrate the concepts of hard or soft power that work toward achieving the interconnectedness between different nations. Hard power can be defined as using economic or military means to influence, which is a coercive approach to obtaining power whereas soft power is the opposite, and to quote what Joseph Nye, renowned International Theorist said, is the “ability to get what you want through attraction rather than coercion or payments” and this is a more persuasive approach to obtaining power or influence. This paper will be focusing on the cultural aspect of globalization, and various examples will be provided to demonstrate how they incorporate hard or soft power to create influence.
This is associated with ‘globalization’ being a truly multifaceted phenomenon, with implications that encompass not just the economic but also the social, political, cultural and geographical.3 Radice, for example, notes that “globalization has been a prominent topic among geographers and sociologists as well as economists and political scientists, and is studied within every paradigm, from neoclassical economics to postmodern social theory to realist international relations theory to Marxism’. As widespread as the notion of globalization may be, there are still those who challenge the concept and insist that there is nothing like a globalized village. According to Yusufu Bala Usman:5 “What sort of village is it, in which, the villagers in one part of the village, are totally prohibited from going to the other part of the village, even though most of the good things of life in the village are to be
INTRODUCTION Economic globalization spread the companies and people; some other drivers of globalization spread an even more important thing - ideas. Ideas are spread throughout the world; people speak much louder in today’s world and that’s one of the many prisms we can think about political globalization, politics are made by people, ideas and institutions and once barriers are less and less the global politics will arise more and more. The discussion is about if this two phenomenon’s are related in such a way that the more advanced and already established economic globalisation will be inevitably followed by a political globalisation. In fact, political globalisation is already, somehow provided by the emergence of some global institutions
Neoliberalism is a political ideology that has become one of the dominant schools of thought in many modern countries, and has therefore become intricately woven into the globalization of society. Globalization is a broad term that refers to the increasing relations between different countries that spans all aspects of life, inclusive of social, political, and economic. It is this increasing sense that these relationships stretch across borders of specific countries that helps to create more global citizens as opposed to national citizens (Steger 15). With the governments of countries becoming increasingly involved with one another, and with neoliberalism being so present in these countries political ideologies, it makes sense that neoliberalism would play a vital role in current globalization. By examining some of the main tenants of neoliberalism philosophy, and through studying concrete examples, we can see how they have been influential in shaping modern routes of globalization, while also taking into consideration that this may not be inherently good by examining pushback.
“Public relations is the strategic communication that different types of organisations use for establishing and maintaining symbiotic relationships with relevant publics many of whom are increasingly becoming culturally diverse” (Sriramesh & Verčič, 2009). The essential terms utilized as a part of the definition have been clarified the fact that the important publics are multicultural and situated in multiple regions of the world largely due to globalisation. It is applicable to perceive that globalization is not a 21st century wonder. At different focuses over social history, globalisation has occurred and have traded their qualities and the distant past. For example, concentrating on the late history, one could say that globalization happened when quite a bit of Europe had to be reconstructed after World War II.
One has to understand that the basis of World Culture Theory of Globalization forms from the fact that “globalization is not a monolithic concept but has a multidimensional aspect attached to it”. In order words, it is a complex mixture of homo-genization and hetero-genization. People infer globalized goods and thoughts in diversity and integrate them into their lives in varied traditions. Thus most of the times there happens a tension between the global and the local. The consequences are societies either incorporating the global or annexing the global, selectively to suit the
Colonialism is a type of development for colonies in one country controlled by people from another country. By contrast, globalization is a kind of international integration, which can be embodied by various factors like politics, economics and so on, formed by different countries. However, although colonialism and globalization have several differences, they also share a number of important similarities, and furthermore that this is no mere coincidence because the latter is the logical outcome of the former. By comparing the details and features of both colonialism and globalization, it is possible for people to find that there are several diversities between them for sure. For colonialism, firstly, it often used violent means to help colonists to achieve their purposes.
Globalization is a common term in today’s society, shaping cultures and lives. With the post-colonial age, the boundaries of the countries extended to adopt more different cultural practices within those boundaries than ever before. Terms, such as ‘one’ ‘unification’ ‘community’ and others suggesting to leave the notion of separated nations and join in the new cosmopolitical and global society are often used within the concept of globalization. This unifying imagination of the globe encourages understanding of the influence of globalization in a variety of different dimensions such as economic, geopolitical, technological and cultural. Furthermore, term globalization still includes the colonial and post-colonial theories in a wide variety
ABSTRUCT: This paper reveals about the technology and globalization in modern age of 21t century. Internet is most visible aspect of globalization.Globalization has completely changed the way in which the world work & manipulate. Even though globalization and information technology had been widely accepted as two sides in one coin.In this paper the role of globalization on all fields will be discussed and in particular, the impact of globalization on the environment. Also, over the past few decades progress in information technology have had a profound on the global landscape as well as on the Progress of globalization. INTRODUCTION: Globalization is a process of economical, political and cultural combination and unification.Globalization involves many countries and majority of huge organization.
In my opinion, globalization is an important issue, as it allows countries to collaborate politically, socially and economically. As every concept, it has its own negatives and positives, so is globalization. Globalization is important as it is a term of changes in societies and worlds economy, that leads to border movement, new investments, and cultural changes. Globalization process has been used for many centuries, but only in recent time globalization became the most focused discussion. One of the reasons why globalization is important issue is because of the world economic problem and different businesses.
• As neoliberal institutional scholars demonstrate, under conditions of interdependence, power becomes diffuse – and it works through different channels, includes a host of new actors, removes existing hierarchies among issues, and reduces the utility of military force. So , we can say that globalization reflects a pattern of linkage strategies and transnational networks, while power comes from the ability to put the agenda of international politics and to work within the rules and procedures of international institutions • The constructivist school challenges observers to consider the power Of ideas and knowledge in shaping the international and domestic environment because globalization supplies us with many channels of communication which is different from those previously dominated by the state the nature of power has become spread to that extent that one person can change global politics
Globalization has a huge impact to nearly every aspect of life in this modern era. Globalization refers to the movement towards a borderless world and the interdependence of global economies. In other words, we can consider globalization as an economic integration of the world through the greater trading, investments, marketing demands and the dispersion of technologies. It involves other aspects of life such as exchanging thoughts and ideas from all over the world and some of the people are also moving to other countries. However, the speed of globalization varies from nation to nation and sector to sector.
Globalization is a very intricate and expansive concept and there is no universal agreed definition about it; but it can be considered as the process of international integration, which arises from the exchange and trade amongst different countries, of products, commodities, capitals, ideas, views, mutual sharing, and other aspects of culture. It is important to point out that globalization has completely altered the way in which the world operates, and that it has slowly become ingrained in all fields. Valuable lessons from history show that globalization is not a new phenomenon, and that it has not been a smooth process. It has often been characterized, in fact, by periods of accelerated integration (as in the 19th and second half of 20th century) and by other periods marked by dramatic events and reversals (inter-war period). From the 19th century onwards there has been the advent of globalization approaching its modern form, being characterized by important and unprecedented technological innovations, political changes, and economic policies.
Setting hypothesis • Globalization, as a historical process of transforming the world into a single system with common characteristics, erases cultural differences between nations and peoples of the world. • The process of depersonalization; accommodation in a single integrated society with standardized social and cultural patterns of behavior threatens programming people on the same eating habits, music, movies, regardless of the country of residence. Definition of “Globalization” According to Oxford Dictionary the term “Globalization” is the process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale. (Online Oxford Dictionary. Retrieved from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/globalization ) This definition of the word is closely related to the economic meaning of the term.
There is more than 1000 definition for Globalization all over the world , But the most prominent and widely used definition for it is that " Globalization is a process of integration and interaction among different people, worldwide companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology." Which means that globalization is shaping the world in a way that leads to a huge openness and shorten the distance between countries. A lot of people have different opinions about Globalization leading to many debates wondering if it has a good or bad effect on their nations. A s some people see that globalization cause the elimination of cultural identity and privacy
GLOBALIZATION Globalization is the world-wide process by which different societies, culture sand regional economies integrate through a worldwide network of political ideas through, communication transportation and trade. Mostly globalization has affected many countries in different ways Like Economically, politically, and socially. Globalization refers to the fast integration and interdepends of various nations, which shapes the world affairs on global level. Globalization has affected the products people consume, the environment culture, security and idea exchange between different countries. Opportunities of Globalization The globalization process is in fact one of the global integration in all areas which offers less developed nations
CONCEPTUALIZING GLOBALIZATION AND DIPLOMACY Although there are series of definitions to this term, three views are considered sufficient to expose the true meaning of the concept. Thus, according to the Online Etymology Dictionary as Retrieved July 7, 2012 by Wikipedia, the term globalization is derived from the word globalize, which refers to the emergence of an international network of economic systems. According to Beerkers, (2004 and 2006) globalization is the world-wide interconnectedness between nation-states becomes supplemented. He sees globalization as a process in which basic social arrangements (like power, culture, markets, politics, rights, values, norms, ideology, identity, citizenship, solidarity) become disembodied from their
Globalisation and operate business globally are significant issues for contemporary organisations. Global business is refers as an economic activity that operates in different countries that selling and buying goods and services by people (McWilliams 2010).Businesses are incentivized to sell products and services in foreign markets with technology advancing so fast and international trade expanding. The global business strategy vision is to develop far beyond the borders of their countries and allow businesses to grow (Chan & Justis 1997).Through global business, it helps enterprises reduce costs, expand their market share and become more competitive. There are two impact of global business. One of the impact is multinational corporations
1.0 Introduction This assignment is mainly focus on the Globalization of the world economy. At the beginning of the assignment I have given a brief discussion about what is Globalization & middle of the assignment it is all about the drivers of the Globalization. The drivers of the Globalization include two main factors as declining of the trade barriers & technological developments. At the end of the assignment I have divided the essay in to two main areas as one to describe the benefits of the Globalization & one to describe the cost of globalization. In those divisions I have discussed the factors by focusing on the perspective of country & perspective of the business.
The end of the 1980’s and the 1990’s has been characterized by significant changes in International Relations (IR) and in the global political economy. Additionally, the increased interdependence between states and the growing influence of non- state actors. The concept of global governance has also evolved as a tool (Massicotte 1999) to help us understand the interactions and events as they unfold in world politics (Dingwerth and Pattberg 2006). Concepts play an important role in understanding the issues that occur in the world; they help us determine the relevance and significance of information in order to analyze specific situations or to create new ideas. Multilateral organizations, practitioners of multilateralism, have also been rapidly