Did you not know that men are the true creators in our culture, Mother? They mould our lives and destinies according to their whims and desires’. (The Holy Woman, p.88) The Holy Woman, by Qaisra Shahraz, encapsulates the restrictions on the lives of women living under patriarchy. The Holy Woman highlights how the powerful social structures and feudal customs, centred on female body and sexuality, restrict women and are difficult to challenge. These customs and tradition are often nurtured, strengthened and kept alive through violent and unjust actions centred on women.
Thus they share similar and intimate experience of oppression. That is why postcolonial thinkers have shared concerns with development in feminist theory. They are striving to reassert marginalized voices. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak puts forward rhetorical and ironic question through her essay, “Can Subaltern Speak?” (1985) declares women voiceless. She has focused on the dual burdens carried out by the postcolonial female subjects; both patriarchal and imperial.
As David Headon writes, Sweat “forcefully establishes an integral part of the political agenda of black literature of this century… [Hurston] places at the foreground feminist questions concerning the exploitation, intimidation, and oppression inherent in so many relations” (32). Hurston breaks away from the perpetuation of stereotypical roles of women so often found in literature with Sweat, “[it] is in fact, protest literature” (32). She discourages the reinforcement of sexist methods of oppression and, by illustrating how those who abuse women are condemned, encourages women to defy
Hence, Herein lays the close connection between feminism and postmodernism. Thus, Postmodernism indicates the wide horizon opening up for exploration from feminist perspective. A perusal of this is bound to open up new vistas of appreciation and understanding. In Addition to, women writers assert that a Feminist theory should be explicitly historical, attuned to the cultural specificity of different societies and periods and to different groups within societies and periods. They wish to analyse the workings of patriarchy in all its manifestations, desire to think in terms of pluralities and diversities rather than unities and universals and articulate ways of thinking about gender without simply reversing the old hierarchies or confirming them.
Abstract: Dalit literature is a protest against all forms of exploitation based on class, race, sex, caste and community. Dalit literature is about the sufferings of “oppressed class”. Dalit writings help the reader to look in to the sufferings and problems of Dalit people under the clutches of the upper cast. If the woman belongs to dalit community they suffered of two types: first being a woman, second belongs to the lowestcommunity. Therefore it could be said they are “doubly oppressed.” For centuries they have been suffering mutely.
The Handmaid’s Tale explores the dreadful consequence of reversal in women’s movement (or status/social role), where feminism has been defeated by conservative Christians. Depicting Gilead as a horrifying society does make my book look
The Scarlet Letter is a perfect example of how one person in a society can defy the traditional social structure. Throughout the literature, Hawthorne presents numerous examples of feminist ideals through the character of Hester. After analyzing and interpreting the meaning of the novel, Hawthorne specifically targets gender roles in societies by making the protagonist of the story a woman. Hawthorne questions the expectation that men should retain all authority and purpose by creating a character that specifically rejects these traditional norms. Hawthorne continuously demonstrates feminist ideals by characterizing and portraying Hester to be the character that breaks gender roles in Salem society.
When we explore feminism of gender-rights from the perspective of Begum Rokeya, we find that she deals with the basic issues of women in a different way than most other feminists. Rokeya has shown interest in opening up the inner world of women so that they can understand that the dogmatic patriarchal society treats them as
Manju Kapur has always tried to depict the picture of the sufferings of women at deeper level in her novels. Feminism is a broad socio political movement specially advocating women’s welfare in society. Deriving upon this philosophy many women writers, thinkers and critics have formulated a school of thought that searches for such instances in
So, his plays represent the junction point at which women are characterized as enlightened and emancipated with the power of resistance who struggle to overcome the male dominance. Girish Karnad wants to aware his audiences through how in the name of marriage women are exploited and subjected to all kinds of repressive treatment engineered basically by a patriarchal society. Karnad has undertaken a journey through his plays to take up the challenge to look at the contentious issues of women. His mastery lies in the treatment of politics of difference that underlies the paradigms of gender and caste. Keywords Feminism, Gender, Patriarchy, Tradition, Society Introduction The ‘feminism’ is a cultural construction of marginality in relation to patriarchal society.