In the case of Henrietta Lacks and her family, the mistreatment of doctors and lack of informed consent defined nearly 60 years of the family’s history. Henrietta Lacks and her children had little to no information about serious medical procedures and the use of Henrietta’s cells in research. Henrietta’s cells launched a multibillion-dollar industry without her consent and doctors even took advantage of her children’s lack of education to continue their research without questions: “[Doctor] did not explain why he was having someone draw blood from Deborah… he wrote a phone number and told her to use it for making more appointments to give more blood” (188). Deborah did not have the knowledge to understand the demands or requests the doctors made of her, and the doctors did not inform her explicitly. Skloot showed that the lack of consent and uninformed patients, by the use of logical conventions, not only ran through the family’s history but still occurred to them
Henrietta education went only as far as 6th grade; her husband day education went as far as 1st grade. Due to their little knowledge doctors and scientist had taken advantage of them. Africans Americans for them it seemed as if they were the new foreign exchange student in a classroom were everyone speaks a different language, (pg16) Skloot mentioned “For Henrietta, walking into Hopkins was like entering a foreign country where she didn’t speak the language. She knew about harvesting tobacco and butchering a pig, but she’d never heard the words such as cervix or biopsy……” Due to here education most African Americans only went to the hospital when it deemed necessary to them. They would go to the hospital with faith and trust that towards the doctors.
Racism in The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks Imagine your mother, sister, wife, or cousin was diagnosed with cervical cancer and you believed the doctors were doing everything in their power to help her. Only later you discovered her cells were used for research without consent and she was not properly informed of the risks of her treatment due to her race. This story happened and is told by Rebecca Skloot in The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. Skloot use of narrative and her writing style enhances the understanding of the story. Henrietta Lacks was a young black woman who was diagnosed with cervical cancer at John Hopkins Hospital.
The book The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks by Rebecca Skloot examines the life of a young African American woman with cervical cancer named Henrietta Lacks. When Lacks goes in for her cancer treatments, cells are taken from her tumor without her knowledge. These cells, known as HeLa cells, go on to become an essential advancement in the medical world. Despite the important developments made because of HeLa cells, Lacks receives very little recognition for her cells. For this reason, Skloot dedicates over a decade to researching and telling the story of Lacks, her family, and the HeLa cells.
Henrietta Lacks was an African-American woman whose cells from her cancerous tumor led to many medical advances in the world. The cells led to the HeLa line, which have a crucial role in drug development and toxicity testing (Hunt). Prior to the HeLa line, it was proven impossible to grow human cells in a laboratory for any length of time. The conflict in this amazing discovery is that her cells were taken from her body for medical purposes without her permission. People argue that people have to be given legal ownership of their tissues and given money for them or medical advances made using the tissues.
When the HeLa cell line is first introduced to the world, there are hardly any set laws put in place in the medical field for ethics aside from the Hippocratic Oath, an oath to uphold specific ethical standards, but this is an oath, not a law. While Henrietta is diagnosed and treated, a sample of her cells is taken by a cervical cancer expert, Richard TeLinde. Neither Henrietta nor her family are informed that TeLinde has taken samples, or his intent with those samples; to this day, Johns Hopkins Hospital has never been accused of doing anything wrong because there were no laws stating that taking a patient 's cells without their consent or knowledge was illegal at the time; however, her family continues to live in poverty, and is psychologically
“The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks” by Rebecca Skloot is about an African American woman who had her cells taken without any consent from her or her family to benefit the medical and science field. The Lacks family had no idea about Henrietta’s cells were alive and tested on for all kind of experiments. Henrietta’s case and other similar cases brought up an issue of who has the ownership of the tissue: the patient or the researcher? This issue became serious when researchers and scientists started making profits and having it patented. The argument against giving people legal ownership of their tissues is that everyone benefits from the research.
The Hamlin’s had no physical experience with this condition due to its rarity in western countries. After much literary research, correspondence with other doctors (pg.77) and help from the revolutionary fistula discoveries of Dr James Marion Sims, who completed the first successful fistula operation and opened the world’s first fistula hospital in New York, the Hamlin’s felt confident enough to begin fistula operations on the patients. (pg.80) Hamlin depicts the gender inequality ever-present in the Ethiopian community. This is evident as she explains that women who suffer from obstetric fistula will be shunned from their village, and as a result induces physical and psychological trauma. The husband will abandon her because she is unable
Elisha had underwent 25 surgerys to try and fix the problem but none of them work. Due to the invention of prosthetics, Elisha now has a state of the art genium prosthetic leg as well as living a pain free life and staying strong through a tough time in life. Picture living in the time Civil War. That would be hard enough, right? But imaging living in the time Civil War as an amputee!
The bullet just missed her brain. She had to be transported to a hospital in England to get immediate medical care because none of the hospitals near her were equipped to help her. She was in the hospital for a long time. Even after she was released, she continues to fight for what she believes. This supports the theme, just like Mandela.
(Healthy People 2020, n.d). As humans, we constantly interact with our surroundings, thus where we live, learn, work and play greatly influences our health outcome, therefore efforts aimed at improving this issue of disparity requires an understanding of the complex conditions in the social system that contribute to the illness in the first place. I chose this topic because as a Public Health student with a concentration of Health Promotion and Education I constantly think about the ways the social determinants of health and health disparities at large contribute to the wide variety of illnesses and diseases and the economic burden caused by these inequalities. In this essay, I hope to explore how the social determinates of health influences an individual’s health outcome, their ability to access healthcare services and the efforts/ interventions that aim at reducing these disparities among minorities. Hence, members of minority racial/ethnic groups suffer a proportionally higher burden of disease and death due to the conditions in which they live