Lastly, vitamin D deficiency has been linked to the recurrence of breast cancer in other parts of a woman 's body. Advancements in prostate cancer include new research in gene changes that will help understand how the cancer develops. Some hereditary genes that have specific components of the DNA have been found to actually increase the risk of cancer in men. Many scientists have discovered that substances in some foods aid in lowering the risk of contracting the cancer. Lastly, a new treatment made is high intensity focused ultrasound or HIFU, which is used to kill cancer cells in early stages by using high focus ultrasonic
30year old Henrietta Lacks underwent radiation treatment for cervical cancer at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore In 1951. During her treatment, George Gey the surgeon who performed the procedure removed pieces of her cervix without her knowledge and sent them to a lab. Her cells were used to develop the polio vaccine, used in the first space missions to see what would happen to human cells in zero gravity. Henrietta’s cells were the first human cells ever cloned, some of the first genes ever mapped. They have been used to create some of our most important cancer
Dr. George Otto Gey Rebecca Skloot writes in The Life of Henrietta Lacks, part two “Death” how she was able to contact the family and describes the medical research on HeLa cells. Rebecca Skloot has a hard time getting a hold of the family since trust is a big issue. To illustrate, since Henrietta Lacks cell are legendary in the medical and science community the Lacks family been bombarded with people trying to get information about Henrietta. Because of this, Rebecca, had to first gain the trust of the family before she will be able to talk to the family. Scientist and doctor used Henrietta’s cells on animals and people to study the effects of the cancer cells and gain new knowledge.
Table of Contents Title Page Abstract Review of Literature Introduction Henrietta Lacks The Knot Doctor Jones and TeLinde Doctor Grey and Treatment Birth of HeLa Cells Henrietta’s Death A Cure for Polio Other Contributions Immoral Practices The Lacks Family E HeLa cells were discovered over sixty years ago. HeLa cells have become the foundation to many modern vaccines and have been used in scientific research since its discovery. If one were to step into a cell culture lab anywhere in the world and open its freezers, there would be millions of HeLa cells in small vials behind its doors. As much of a remarkable discovery as they may be, many fail to recognize their origin. HeLa cells were not a creation made by man in a lab, but a discovery found inside a woman.
From helping create vaccines to the diagnosis of genetic disease, the cells were very useful in medical research. The existence of the cells was concealed from her family, both to allow the research to go uninterrupted and because the identity of the person behind the cells remained a public mystery. Even after the truth came out, the family did not receive any special medical care or assistance, despite being related to Henrietta, who made many of the medications and medical procedures possible through her cells. This may have been an effort to observe any possible effects that a genetic HeLa presence would have on an individual, at the risk of the well-being of the individual. Stemming from this controversy, debate regarding the moral obligation that individuals have to provide their cells for research has begun.
How multi-disciplinary strategy working can improve the provision of health services with cervical cancer? Improving outcomes for people with cervical cancer is not just about higher survival rates. It is also about improving patients ' experience of care and the quality of life for cancer survivors. As cancer, treatments are often complex, hospitals use multidisciplinary teams to treat cervical cancer and tailor the treatment programme to the individual. Multi-disciplinary teams are made up of a number of different specialists who work together to make decisions about the best way to proceed with your treatment.
She changed her lifestyle because she thought more about what was important to her and made sure she enjoyed herself. In Henrietta Lacks ' case, her cells helped the lives of tons of other patients, as well as the advancement in cancer research. "Her cells were part of research into the genes that cause cancer and those that suppress it; they helped develop drugs for treating herpes, leukemia, influenza, hemophilia, and Parkinson 's disease; and they 've been used to study lactose digestion, sexually transmitted diseases, appendicitis, human longevity, mosquito mating, and the negative cellular effects of working in
They were determined to grow the first immortal human cells. They took any cells that they could get, so TeLinde offered him a supply of cervical cancer tissue in exchange for trying to grow some cells. TeLinde began collecting samples, and some just happened to belong to Henrietta. After Jones received Henrietta’s biopsy report from the lab, he called to tell her that it was malignant. That night, she told Day to take her back to the hospital to get some medicine.
In turn, this could have dampened her chances of curing the cancer. Skloot does a phenomenal job of subtly explaining the importance of HeLa cells and their impact on the world, while explaining the life of Henrietta Lacks and her family. When told they have to read the book, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, a majority of students will have no clue what the novel is about. That is, until they read the first page of the prologue and realize it is about a courageous woman and her cells, that have most likely affected their lives indirectly. As they continue, they will learn to appreciate the woman named Henrietta Lacks and the iconic HeLa cells attached to her name.
Clinical trials have been a boon to modern medicine by broadening the knowledge surrounding disease plaguing the human race and providing a tangible measure of the success and symptoms of treatments to combat these diseases. However each progression in science comes with unintended consequences, in the case of clinical trials it was corruption at the expense of the human volunteers. The Tuskegee Study, conducted by the U.S. Public Health Service and Tuskegee Institute in 1932, is an infamous example of clinical trials crossing the ethical line. However what is ethics? As noted by The Basics of Social Research by Earl Babbie, ethics are a social construction and subjective.
Gardasil Causing Girl 's Death My technical reading article is about the HPV vaccine, Gardasil. I chose this article because the subject was very interesting to me. I have taken Gardasil, so the information I have learned is very important to me. Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs published a study recently that provided proof that viral elements in the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Gardasil are effectively crossing the blood-brain barrier and triggering cerebral vasculitis. Cerebral vasculitis is a severe form of blood vessel inflammation in the brain that can lead to severe autoimmune disorders and even death.
The Perfect “Scientific” Impulse Nathaniel Comfort portrays the evolution of genetic medicine from the 19th century to the present. Scientists, statisticians and other distinguished individuals contributed to the idea of eugenics and its relation to genetic medicine. Three central concepts that support the central idea of the story include: positive and negative eugenics, genetic medicine and the eugenic impulse. Comfort’s argument focuses on the idea that medical genetics and eugenics have one major aspect in common, THE EUGENIC IMPULSE. Society looks down upon eugenics; however, medical genetics is glorified and seen as a scientific accomplishment.
The legal system is in place not only to protect our rights and administer justice, but to increase the quality of life in a society. By legalizing doctor-assisted suicide, the quality of life increases. First, more lives can be saved with the legalization of doctor-assisted suicide. Many diseases such as cancers can take away use of certain organs. By detecting incurable cancers earlier, it is possible to harvest organs such as kidneys (cancer.org, 2014).
The use of embryonic stem cells for medical treatment or scientific research is considered one of bioethics greatest controversies. Since the discovery of the uses of embryonic stem in 1981, people have argued that that embryonic stem cell research pushes the bounds of humane ethics. Conversely, others argue that the use of embryonic stem cells follow the principle tenets of bioethics: maximize benefits and minimize harm. Following their discovery, methods to remove embryonic stem cells from humans was discovered in 1998. Shortly after, In 2001, President George W. Bush granted federal funding to the research of hECS.
Rosalind Franklin was one of the most inspiring scientists of the 1940’s. Rosalind had a troubling yet fascinating upbringing that led her to her dream of science working with x-rays allowing her to venture further into the study of chemistry greatly affecting science we know today. Without Rosalind Franklin we would not have advanced in chemistry as we may have needed to for things like x-rays. Perhaps someday we’ll advance further to create a new picture to learn more in chemistry and to help