Latin American society is strictly Catholic due to historical reasons of being colonies of Catholic Spain and Portugal, therefore the influence of Catholic Church is very sensible, especially in literature. Mexican people’s view of Catholicism differs from European that is why it is important to compare it with the verses from the Bible, understand their interpretation and find its motives in the novel. The author of “Pedro Paramo” Juan Rulfo raises Mexican Christianity elements all over the novel. According to Christianity, a deceased person goes to Hell, Heaven or purgatory after death. The purgatory is a place, where souls, that are sinful for Heaven, but too pure for Hell, go to be purged of their sins (de Chaparro 2007, 13; Espinosa 1910, 407).
To the Aztecs, this was therefore an ethical act as it ensured the survival of their society. However, after the Spanish invasion of the Aztec Empire, many Aztecs converted to Christianity, abandoning their old religion and beliefs. Human sacrifice therefore became an unethical act. Those who converted to Christianity had to review their moral codes and their ideas of right and wrong because one rigid moral code had been replaced with another. If it is possible to do this, then surely ethics cannot be a permanent construct and so flexibility is
A pivotal part of the novel is when the Catholic Church Group comes to the reservation in order to Christianize the Indians. This action carries deep currents of white supremacy. Throughout history, especially in American Indian history, White Europeans have made an effort to christianize and civilize what they view as an inferior race or group. The earliest efforts of Spain to colonize the Americas included converting Indigenous populations to Catholicism. Likewise, contemporary Christian churches take mission trips to impoverished, developing areas in order to help the citizens and the community.
Primary Source Analysis 1 The primary source that was used for this paper is the Bartolome de la Casas, “A Spanish Critique of New World Conquest”. Bartolome de la Casas travelled from Spain to join the Dominican order and eventually became a Bishop in Chiapas, Mexico. Bartolome was known for advocating for the Indians and eventually became known as “Protector of the Indians”. The question is rather he advocated for the Indians out of religious interest or humanitarian sympathy. Humanitarian sympathy is the more logical choice because he speaks as if he is disappointed in the Christians actions of killing so many Indians for no reason.
From the Book of Hiram, pp 443-444 we read: #18 “Born in a Protestant land, we are of that faith; if we had opened our eyes to the light under the shadows of St. Peter’s at Rome, we should have been devout Romanists; born in the Jewish quarter of Aleppo, we should have condemned Christ as an imposter; in Constantinople, we should have cried: ‘Allah il Allah – God is great, and Mahomet is his Prophet.’ Birthplace and education give us our faith. #19 …Not one in ten thousand knows anything about the proofs of his faith. We believe what we are taught; and those are most fanatical who know least of the evidences on which their creed is based. #20. What is truth to me is not truth to another.
Spain declared that they controlled the Atlantic region around the Canary Islands, Portugal would have the Atlantic region south of the Canary Islands and West of Africa. In 1481 the Pope issued the rights of the Aeterni Regis agreements, however Portugal argued that the islands discovered by Columbus were originally claimed by the Portuguese sailors long before the Spanish. Because of the two powers being strong in the Catholic belief and faith it came to the attention of Pope Alexander IV, this created the treaty of Tordelias, It was believed that Spain received the better half of the arrangement, this was due to the new continent being discovered. The line was never clearly marked out so therefore it could not change. A century passes and the Spanish seem to have gained the most of the treaty, by land, slave labour and raw
Starting with the Spanish who forced the Native Americans to convert to Christianity and kept them as slaves living in horrid conditions in the Missions. in contrast the French treated the Native Americans as equals by encouraging a peaceful coexistence with the tribes and giving natural citizenship to Native Americans who were baptized as Catholics. in addition the French often adopted Native American culture while living among the tribes and by learning the Native American languages. First the Spanish. Spain established Missions in New Spain, now the Western United States, with a stated goal of converting Native Americans to Christianity.
Facing persecution in Europe, the Puritans came to America in order to create a society that lived according to the Bible’s demands. They were a separatist group who believed in purifying the Church of England by eliminating all aspects of Catholicism, like the Pope, for instance (“Puritan New England; Plymouth”). They also believed in predestination. This means that God chose whether or not a person would be saved or condemned at birth. However, the Puritans did not know whether God chose them to be saved or condemned, therefore, they lived through strict policies laid out in the “Covenant of Works” and the “Covenant of Grace.” The “Covenant of Grace” declares that “nothing people do can erase their sins nor earn them a place in heaven.” Consequently, the “Covenant of Works” states that “God’s elect must do good works…to earn their salvation” (Henretta).
In 1478, the Spanish Inquisition was instituted. During this time, Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile were the rulers of Spain. Many historians believed that the Inquisition was a manifestation of extreme religious anti semitism, but contrary to popular belief heresy was most of the time falsely accused onto converts nor were the Jews its main focus. Rather, the Inquisition regarded Jewish converts to Christianity, conversos. Both Norman Roth’s and Stephen H. Haliczer’s thesis’s, state their opinion as to why the Inquisition was instituted.
As Christopher Columbus mentions in his letter to the treasurer of the King of Spain, the Natives were ready to be converted to Christianity. Although Columbus’s perspective is a positive one, converting the natives is considered mistreatment because of the fact that they were converted by force. These poor people had to work the land in exchange for their original religion to be ripped from them. Bartolome de las Casas also brings up that the evil