An Enlightened Despot is the name for an absolute leader who entwines the ideas of the Enlightenment with the reforms they make for the benefit of their people. Catherine the Great, the longest-ruling tsarina of Russia, greatly supported the Enlightenment and promoted its ideals in eighteenth century Russia. She took steps to reform education so her subjects could form an intelligent society as a whole. She used her intelligence to put together a law code that benefited the people of all classes. In order to increase the longevity and lessen the mortality rate of the Russian people, Catherine brought in outside people and goods. Due to her extraordinary reforms, philosophes, and even another Enlightened Despot, praised her. Because of her great accomplishments and her use of Enlightenment ideas to her advantage, Catherine can be considered an Enlightened Despot.
Catherine the Great’s rise to power as an Enlightened Despot marked a change from education being for a select few to a time of great educational reform. Enlightened Despots aim their focus heavily on reforming sources of …show more content…
She became one when she saw major issues in her country and responded to them with reforms. She increased the schooling options available to her subjects and helped the literate gain intelligence that would further people’s intelligence that could continue to serve her country after her reign. Her use of Enlightened science increased the life expectancy of her subjects and moreover, she put her own life at risk for the betterment healthwise for her people. She created the Nakaz to reform the legal system that was outdated. Her reforms were praised by Voltaire and Frederick II of Prussia, two people very familiar with the idea of Enlightened Despots. Catherine’s reforms should not only be thought of as her legacy, but also should raise her to the status of an Enlightened
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She helped in politics, which was more scarce back then, than now, and was a prototype for the female leaders of today. She was also a good comrade to many famous figures and founding fathers. She lived a life of action and was a well educated and faithful wife and an advisor to her husband and many friends and figures, all-in-one. This war and the Enlightenment turned citizens from ordinary to extraordinary. Mercy Otis Warren was a smart woman and was educated like a boy.
Throughout the course of history, there have been many powerful rulers who have led supreme empires and kingdoms. The Mauryan Empire, a vast empire in Ancient India, had some rulers who wrongfully used their power. However, Asoka, ruler of the Mauryan Empire from 268 to 232 BCE, was enlightened because he deeply cared for his people, was extremely remorseful of his wrongdoings in his actions, and valued everyone despite their differences or what they have done in the past. Asoka was an enlightened ruler because he was willing to go beyond the unspoken limits to care for his empire and its residents' well being.
Caring For His People For instance, Ashoka was an enlightened ruler because of the way he cared for his people. Evidence of this is when Ashoka felt remorse for all the wars he fought and everyone he killed, so he decided to reject violence. Ashoka found enlightenment and changed the way of understanding history. He gave gifts
Yaakov Kessler Mrs.Legum AP World History Enlightenment LEQ After a dark period of time a new age of philosophers committed to bettering the citizens were born. The Enlightenment Period consisted of philosophers that advocated for political, social, and economic changes. The enlightenment thinkers motivated the revolutions of the 18 and 19th century by promoting Equal rights of Man and by preaching that governments should be managed by branches instead of a monarch. One of the most influential revolutions was the American revolution whereas the American colonists were fed up with the British and declared independence from them.
But, the figures of the Enlightenment have shaken the very foundation of nations, and different governments have come to power. New and bright leaders seek power and glory. An imperialist fervour has descended upon the peoples of Altera, as nations scramble to build their empires, competing with their rivals for land and resources. In this brutal world, survival of the fittest is an absolute truth.
Enlightened absolutism contributed highly to this change, as demonstrated by the kingdom of Prussia. King Frederick II displayed his support of the Enlightenment through his writings, speeches, and accounts given by close personal friends. He placed the people of Prussia ahead of himself and made decisions for the betterment of the country as a whole - not just the nobility. Ignoring the practices that had been in place for centuries, Frederick II implemented the ways of enlightened thinking and used his position as King to improve the lives of his citizens. The concept of enlightened absolutism was undeniably shown through the reign of Frederick
Different factors had a part to play in starting or even propelling ‘the Age of Enlightenment’, including the rule of the Church and State which experienced a power struggle among them, in addition to the Western discovery of latest societies with noticeably exclusive cultural traditions and norms. Many intellectuals felt unhappy with the fixed social styles amongst their very own collectives, and angry at their governments' refusal to provide non-public rights. The lasting political effect of the Enlightenment can't be overstated. At the least three fundamental political revolutions came about throughout this time period in Britain, America, and France.
The Intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment occupies an important position in the growth of Western civilization. How it totally affected society, especially French society is a subject of debate, from the beginning of the Revolution to today. In fact, two schools of interpretation are involved. The first school is the conservative school, Edmund Burke is the best example.
The Enlightenment was a European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries that emphasized the use of reason and individualism. It was mostly influenced by Descartes, Locke, and Newton. The idea of enlightened absolutism valued reason rather than faith. Enlightened monarchs had total control but embraced rationality. Being an enlightened ruler meant allowing religious tolerance, freedom of speech, and the right to hold private property.
The allure of ruling a grand and supreme country is something one can not evade; Russia is at the top of the list when it comes to that grandeur. Russia had begun to rise to a higher status as years had gone by, but none seemed to propel it forward as intensely as when it had been reined over by Catherine the Great. This powerful and immensely fascinating ruler had brought Russia forward intellectually, powerfully and with a sense of grace. Though with ruling such a grand country there can be negative consequence and outcomes, Catherine was an accidental Empress to the Russian throne. She was born Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst in 1729 a daughter of a German prince, her education was nothing of the highest matter but she knew how to please people which would come in great value in later years.
It also explores how we see the effects of the revolution and its relevance. By drawing on a variety of sources, the paper shows how we relate to the enlightenment concept of humanism. How does The French revolution influence human nature? The French Revolution of 1789 sets itself apart from every revolution that had gone before by being a revolution centered on theories. The French king did not call parliament between 1614 and 1789.
The Enlightenment was a period of time that stressed the importance of reason and individual ideas. Many philosophers published works criticizing a country’s monarch or divulging the flaws they saw in a system within the government, such as the justice system. The Enlightenment also stressed the importance of education, and as a result of this, literacy rates experienced a major upward trend. Now able to read the philosopher’s works, a larger sum of people now were educated on the corruptions within their government. This caused a questioning of traditional practices, and people began to believe they could revise their government.
The Enlightenment gave people power to make the changes they wanted for independence and politics using intellect and reason, their natural right. The norm of a society that is modelled today became reason over
The undue weightage provided by the Enlightenment ethics to the unmitigated use of one’s intellect, was claimed to have lead to the newfound zeal of individualism in men. Evils of despotism and hunger for power corrupted the functionings of the society. Napoleon, the ‘enlightened despot, is the embodiment of the Enlightenment ethics going ashtray. Needless to say, from thereon emerged a sense of dissatisfaction with the current scheme of things. With the realization that dry use of reason was no good for the overall development of mankind but only lead to an upsurge in hunger for power and likes of it, crept in the demands to a fuller and healthier perception of education and lifestyle.