During the process Maximum government law was created, allowing higher taxes on the rich, social reform, and free education. These acts created violent uprisings that were later broken up during the reign of terror led by Robespierre. Due to the great victory of the army the new reforms seemed pointless and the man who sponsored them Robespierre was overthrown and sentenced to death by execution and the Maximum government law was dissolved. In the southeast and also the west the national convention was dispersed when royalists tried to seize power in Paris, these royalists were destroyed by Napoleon Bonaparte the young French General. The constant struggle between the war and different risings of political powers and assemblies also revolutionaries and counterrevolutionaries led to the complete dissolve of the republic and the 18
The American Revolution was a political upheaval in the 1700’s during which many colonists of the Thirteen American Colonies had overthrew Great Britain authority, rejected the British monarchy and aristocracy, and founded the United States of America. Similarly, the French Revolution was also a political upheaval in the 1700’s during which the Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established their own republic, went through violent events of political turmoil, and finished with a dictatorship led by Napoleon Bonaparte which quickly brought many of its principles to Western Europe. Both the American and the French Revolution were products of Enlightenment ideals, which had emphasized the ideas of natural rights and equality. The results of the American Revolution and the French Revolution are very comparable as both Revolutions experienced great changing events at this time. The American Revolution was caused by the French and Indian War, which was
The whole dramatic situation motivated the general people to make their own national assembly. They gathered in an indoor tennis hall where they swore the famous "Tennis Court Oath". Here they agreed that they would not give up before a French constitution had been established. They managed to abolish most of Ancien Régime as well as rewrite the rights of the system so that they were distributed more equally between the general, the nobles and the priests - the revolution would make an incredibly bad job of sticking to these rights, but the same could argue for many other seemingly successful revolutions. Back in Versailles, the people were still starving and a rumor had spread that Queen Marie Antoinette, saved grain in his
The common people who were already under harsh conditions, suffered from starvation, bad harvests, and high taxes, which the upper class was exempted from. Thus, with the harsh conditions, and the inspiration by writings and ideas of the French Enlightenment writer, Voltaire, derived a sense of pride, and shared a identity through the belief in greatness of their country. The nationalism made people want to change the government not for their own good, but for the good as a nation. The Third Estate, made up mostly by the lower class, decided to hold a national assembly in the indoor tennis court. The people in the assembly, filled with nationalism, believed that they should rule their nation.
Unit 2: Absolutism and Revolution Portfolio In this unit, you examined the American and French Revolutions. The American Revolution, sparked by conflict over British rule and influenced by Enlightenment ideas, broke colonial ties with a monarchy and yielded a new nation. The French Revolution, inspired by the American Revolution as well as the Enlightenment, freed French citizens from an absolute monarchy and secured equality before the law for all male citizens. In your unit study, you explored the causes and effects, characteristics, as well as the consequences, of each of these revolutions. What did they have in common?
Julius Caesar is known as the founder of the Roman Empire, Charles the Great as a great Emperor of the Middle Ages and there are a great number of other famous names which changed our world. Napoleon Bonaparte is among them. He became the hero of the French Revolution, a person who was excepted to change the image of France providing liberation and equality for its citizens. Thus, having plunge France into a chain of wars, Napoleon turned into the tyrant, which contradicted to the ideas of revolution. However, he still dreaded of equality and prosperity of France, trying to protect it and guarantee its leading role in the world policy, in order to use its influence and spread the ideas of revolution.
Because the Third Estate formed the vast majority of the French nation, it was entitled to representation in the national government. Furthermore, popular sovereignty "replaces the bipolar structure of monarchy with the unipolar structure of self-government (Kelley). The power of authority is taken back to the people instead of the government. Popular sovereignty also, "in terms of mimetic theory, is the fundamental structure of sovereignty is the bipolarity of the victim and the mob, and in historical period we have considered, popular sovereignty is the myth of the murder of kings" (Kelley). Mimetic theory is the idea of a mechanism universally operative in human history which is justified in the emerging discipline of evolutionary psychology.
The French revolution is considered to be the most significant and effective event in the history. It changed the lives of many peoples and changed the future. Since people of France were under the control of the King they wanted to get rid of French government to eliminate power of the king. There were numerous other factors that also lead the French to the revolution. There were also many social unfairness among the taxes between the estates.
The beginning of this time started directly after Maximilien Robespierre came to power. He tells us that is trying to form a “Republic of Virtue” when in reality he is just eliminating a lot of France 's significant history. Even keeping the days straight now is hard, after he changed our days and weeks up. And to think this was being done because it was a threat to the republic. Not to mention all of the unwarranted killing for his precious “Republic of Virtue”.
The reign of terror is time you say described the time in history when the French Revolution hit an extreme. It was a result of conflict between two rival political factions, the Girondins and the Jacobins. The Girdondins wanted France to follow Britain’s example of government o societal hierarchy. Conversely the Jacobins wanted an entirely new system of government and society in which everyone was equal. The Jacobins we are radicals and felt the need to stop anyone in their way.