ntroduction The term “child labor” generally refers to children who work to produce a good or a service which can be sold for money in the marketplace regardless of whether or not they are paid for their work. [ https://eh.net/encyclopedia/child-labor-during-the-british-industrial-revolution/] During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries Great Britain became the first country to industrialize. Because of this, it was also the first country where the nature of children’s work changed so dramatically that child labor became seen as a social problem and a political issue. The child labor apprentices was began widely and increased when industrial era began especially on textile field of economy.
In this text I will focus on the industrial revolution and the class system The industrial revolution was the big changed that happened in England in the middle of the 1700. The changed that happen was the transition from hand production methods to machines. The first industry was connected to textile production. In short time, England had changed from being a country that got most of their income through agricultural, to a country that followed the on growing industrial revolution.
A spectacular and sweeping revolution that illuminated Europe in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the Industrial Revolution existed as a distinguishing event that changed the course of Europe for centuries to come. The Industrial Revolution is summed up as the period in Europe in which the growth of technological innovation sparked improvements in the European way of production. Large factories opened to mass-produce textiles, and the new steam engine allowed mines to operate more efficiently. The Industrial Revolution, moreover, completely transformed the European way of life.
The tremendous increase of child labor in the U.S occurred in the late 1700s and early 1800s. While child labor in the U.S has always existed it was usually in family business or agriculture, but during the Industrial Revolution, child labor reached its extreme due to new innovations and ideas. The beginning of the Industrial Revolution brought, urbanization, factories, jobs, more immigrants, and it replaced hand labor for making manufacture items. Children from poor families had to go and work to support their families because that was the only way they can survive. Also, children provided cheap labor that benefited factory owners during that time.
Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain and later progressed to the United States between the years 18th and 19th century. The Industrial Revolution marked a great milestone in the world history; various aspects of our day-to-day life were reformed in some way. Humans were transformed from handmade and tools to the assistance of machines. The main purposes for Industrial Revolution happened was peoples want an improvement for their life in order to overcome the hardship during the 18th century. Without the Industrial Revolution, it can be argued that the world today would not have a better standard of living through technology advancements, medication and educations.
Causes and Consequences of Industrial Revolution The industrial revolution is a historical event that was primarily started in the 18th century in Britain. This was a slowed changeover period, which replaced manual works by new technologies invented by the scientists of that era. As Stearns Chapter Outlines of world history states, this was a slow process of event that took many years to revolutionize completely (5). The outline refers the industrial revolution as an “enclosure movement”, which caused primarily by the eradicating the farming lands.
The Industrial Revolution, which took place from the 18th-19th centuries rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban. Before the Industrial Revolution manufacturing was often done in people’s homes, using hand tools or simple machines. Industrialization created a shift to powered machines, factories and mass production. The iron and textile industries, along with the steam engine, played certain roles in the Industrial Revolution, which also saw improved ways of transportation, communication and banking.
Human labor is an essential source of economic growth and the more labor contributes, the more of an economic production. During the Industrial Revolution which took place in the 18th and 19th Century which was known as the transition of new manufacturing processes, proves how factories took the full advantage of human labor and unfortunately, set aside workers rights. With this in mind, this labor force was made up of children under the age of 12 , millions of newly arrived immigrants, and a huge number of families migrating from different rural areas[some where unskilled workers] to an urban society, to see what life there can offer, and in hopes of having a job security, prosperity, and most of all, the idea of the American Dream. For this reason, as factories were being built, businesses were in need of workers, which is why people were willing to work as long as they got paid to support their families and keep in mind that factories were not always the best place to work. With this in mind, with the dream of a better life, many unskilled immigrants who migrated from different rural areas relocated to different areas to find work.
How Did the Industrial Revolution Lead to Urban Growth? The Industrial Revolution lead to urban growth by creating economic growth. This is because factories started opening up when people started inventing machines to produce and manufacture products longer and more efficiently. These factories needed workers to function, so people in need of jobs migrated towards the factories.
Families began migrating from rural to urban to suburban settings in response to socioeconomic changes (Kain, 1990). The industrial revolution increased the amount and diversity of goods that were available for purchase by families. These goods were manufactured rapidly in large quantities in factories. The factories needed people to operate the equipment and do the needed tasks of assembly or construction. Many of the needed personnel came from people who migrated to the cities from rural
The building and development of the railroad in all parts of the country were one of the most remarkable developments of the Industrial Revolution. With its creation and active operation, they brought significant change to the economy, society and the political world. The first railroads were built in Great Britain. America got the idea to construct them at home when they visited England and saw the impressive drop of shipping costs when it was done by railroads instead of by carriage, nearly a 60%-70% decrease. The first railroads in America were extremely successful.
The history of unions in the United States exploded in the nineteenth century with the founding of the national labor union in 1866. Labor unions are organizations of wage earners or salaried employees for mutual aid, protection, and for dealing collectively with employers. They helped fight for better pay, health care, retirement benefits, education, civil precipitation, and they have brought voices together, that was once separated. Their struggles have elevated the working conditions, the standard way of living and the recognition of their members and also those who have labored.
The industrial revolution was a time when humans started to use machines instead of raw manpower. Instead of goods being made in people's homes they were now made in large factories. Exportation of goods increased and so did ways to export them. Steam engines, textile mills and other machines were invented during this time. For factory owners and businessmen life was good because they would make a large profit from the factories production but for the factory workers life was horrible.
In the late 1700s, America went through major changes that greatly impacted the way people lived. This was a period of time where new businesses were emerging, technologies were advancing and the cities were becoming more prominent- this period of time from 1750 to 1914 was known as the Industrial Revolution. During this revolution, America went through major changes and the people had to learn to adapt to their new surroundings expeditiously. These advances include different working conditions, living conditions, the urbanization, public health and life expectancy, child labor, working class families and the role of women, the emerging middle class and wealth and income. Some of the mentioned developments were harsh and unacceptable at the time, but all led the way to the modern day America.
The Industrialization had bloom during the late 1800s early 1900s. This big growth was a positive and negative impact in the United States history. This began the devastating practice of child labor. Children would work in factories for very long hours be paid very low wages or not even be paid. According to Harold Goldstein, ‘’it had been accepted as a norm, employment of young children gradually came to be viewed as harmful and exploitative in the United States.’’