Final Exam Part I: QA2 The Virginia Plan a New Constitution The Virginia Plan proposed a new Constitution designed as a republic and a strong national government. The most distinguished feature of the plan created structural changes as well as delegated sovereignty to the Federal government and the people. This transfer of power diminished the role of the States in the national government. The Virginia Plan structurally replaced the unicameral Congress by separating federal power among three branches of government, a bicameral legislature, an executive and a judiciary. In addition the people, instead of the States, would elect the lower house of the legislature who in turn elected the upper house (DFC pgs. 8-9). Furthermore, Federal power
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The three branches would write, enforce, and judge the laws. This part of the New Jersey Plan is the same as the Virginia Plan, except that this plan would have a one house congress. The smaller states liked the idea of a three branch government, but would make
To whom this may concern, On this 11th day of September, I Edmund Randolph will be presenting my solution to the catastrophes of our uncivilized government. As a citizen of the United States I believe we the body deserve a well organized, well established government that can’t be destroyed by surrounding countries. Here I present to you the Virginia plan. Keep in mind France has had a well organized and well thought out civilized government for many years.
These men being known as the founding fathers The Virginia plan was to create a government consisted of what Edmond Randolph proposed that the national government be compiled of a supreme, legislative, executive and judiciary. It was also consisted of 2 houses. The lower house would represent states with the largest population. The members of the upper house would be elected by the lower house making the smaller states have little or no representation in the upper house at all.
Virginia constitution of 1776 was one of the first constitutions written in an American history. Its core structure was developing its basic principle. Which included popular sovereignty, the idea that government is responsible to the people. While it protect the rights of all citizens, but at this time in age, this did not include slaves. Next was the separation of power, not allowing one to hold full power.
These authorities that the national government should have, were all up to the states to decide under the Articles. With the taking away some of the states rights in the Constitution, Anti-federalists feared that this would leave the states too weak, resulting in more problems. Under the new Constitution, many powers that were now in the government 's hands are: the power to levy and collect taxes, the power to regulate interstate commerce, the government set up a national court system consisting of district, circuit, and a supreme court, the government could enforce laws, there was now a house based on population, and a senate based on equal representation (two votes per state), to amend the Constitution, a ⅔ vote of Congress was needed, and a ¾ vote of the states were needed, and a majority rule was needed to pass bills. These new powers and abilities of the national government helped to create a strong, new
In May 25, 1787, a convention was called in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to express the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation. However, the intention from many delegates was to draft a new constitution; create a new government rather than fix the existing one. Rhode Island was the only one of the 13 original states to refuse to send delegates to the Constitutional Convention. At the Convention, the first issues they had to address was the representation in Congress.
This proposal was presented in the form of fifteen resolutions that detailed reasons why the Articles of Confederation should be radically altered and plans for a strong National Government that could collect taxes and make and enforce laws. This was also the first document to produce a separation of powers into an executive, legislative, and judicial branch in a national government. Moreover, there is a feature of a bicameral legislature, which is two houses consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate would be based on state representation. The people of each state shall elect the first branch of the national legislature, and those that are selected shall select people in the second branch. The national legislature shall have the power to elect a national executive with the authority to execute the national laws and taxes.
The Virginia Plan desired a strong national government with three
His New Jersey Plan was a counter proposal to the Virginia Plan. Less populated states strongly contradict giving power of national government control to states that are highly populated, which resulted to a legislative body from the Articles of Confederation to represent one-vote-per state. With a legislative representative there would be more authority. The single legislative chamber of the New Jersey Plan, was originated from the Article of Confederation. The issue of the size of the state and state’s fairness idle the
The plan proposed by Virginia otherwise known as the “large-state plan.” Which proposed “a bicameral legislature, in which the lower house would be elected proportionately and the upper house would be selected from a list of nominees sent from the state legislatures on the basis of equal representation for the states. ”(add footnote) As the smaller states feared that this plan would lose a voice in the federal government if they continued with the Virginia plan, they opposed this plan and came up with one for themselves which would be known as the “small-state plan.” The small-state plan would propose “a unicameral Congress, with equal representation for each state, with all the powers of the Confederation Congress.
Claim A: Under the Virginia Plan, the population would determine representation in each of the two houses of Congress. Claim B: Delegates from less-populous states wanted to amend the Articles of Confederation to protect their equal standing, which would preserve each
Virginia Plan was created by James Madison but presented to the Constitutional Convention by Edmund Randolph, Governor of Virginia in the year of 1787. The Virginia Plan was about a new form of government and called for the number of votes each state would receive would be based on the population instead of each state receiving just one vote. James Madison and other 56 delegates met in Philadelphia in May 1787, they wanted to make amendments in the Articles of Confederation. They were successful and managed to create a new constitution and as James Madison was representing Virginia, he had become the chief recorder of information. Virginia Plan served as that basis for debate in the development of the U.S. Constitution.
Student’s name Professor’s name Course number Date The Virginia and New Jersey plans 1 The Virginia plan had various characteristics as proposed by Mr Randolph. He suggested in accordance to the wishes of the committee that the national government should be created and that it should consist of a supreme legislative, Executive and Judiciary. According to Mr. Patterson in the Virginia plan which he drew from Mr. Randolph’s propositions, proposed that revision of the articles of confederations was paramount in order to render federal constitution adequacy to the demands of both government and the union in preservation.
So to speak, it would balance out the powers between Small States and Large States. (A)Federalism, (B)Separation of Powers, (C)Checks and Balances, and (D)Small States-Large States are all the ways the framers of the constitution guarded against tyranny. Separation of Powers is one of the most important framers of the constitution because it helped separate all the branches to lead to liberty for our
After deciding to write a new constitution, the delegates could not decide what new form the government should take. One of the options was the Virginia Plan created by Edmund Randolph and James Madison. The plan included a strong government with three branches (the legislative branch, The judicial branch, and the executive branch). In the Virginia Plan, the legislator would consist of two houses and seats would be awarded on the basis of the population. Due to the fact that the seats are awarded based on population, larger states would have more representatives than smaller states.