How Water Shaped Michigan
Minnesota may be the land of 10,000 lakes, but did you know that if you just simply Google: “how many lakes are there in Michigan?” Your answer will be more than 11,000 lakes. Michigan used to be known as the wolverine state, because we had wolverines. Now, since there are no more wolverines, Michigan is simply known as the Great Lakes State. Michigan has a lot of fresh water; it is in our lakes, rivers, and any other wet piece of land that is here. This paper looks at the fresh waters of the Great Lakes State: glaciers, rivers, and people. All of these factors contributed to the shape of this state in one way or another. This paper will show how these factors shaped Michigan into the state it is today.
What is a glacier? …show more content…
It started at the North Pole and it stretched to the 37th parallel which is along the southern edges of Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri. The estimated area it covered was around five million square miles, and at parts it could reach up to ten thousand feet thick (Britannica). Even though the lakes in Michigan are proof that the Laurentide Ice Sheet melted, it did so very slowly, and there is even some proof that our ancestors lived in the area underneath where the great lakes are today (draining the great lakes). As it retreated, it carved, and under all of that weight compacted the crust enough to create at least five basins that are now the Great lakes. This created an area in where twenty percent of the world’s fresh surface water resides (TED ED). Also during its retreat, the Laurentide Ice Sheet also left behind a desolate landscape that only contained the spores of lichen. Eventually, that lichen sprouted and attracted birds which in turn eventually brought all life back to this once ice covered land mass (PBS). Today some of the rocky outcroppings that the …show more content…
Beaches are sand, and sand comes from quartz, which is one of the hardest and most plentiful minerals on the planet. This sand was made when the ice sheet would expand and retreat picking up chunks of rocks, and mineral crushing them together effectively making a grinder in the glaciers innards (DNR). Sometimes these rocks and minerals are carried hundreds of miles before being deposited onto the ground. Michigan has a unique coastal landscape dotted with beaches and pine forest, but one thing that Michigan has; that not many places around the world have is bluffs. According to the National Geographic, a bluff is a small, rounded cliff that usually overlooks a body of water, or where a body of water once stood. The reason Michigan has bluffs is because when Glaciers move they do not pick up their ‘feet’. Instead, they bulldoze the landscape picking up everything in their path. Including rocks, organic matter, and even possibly a sloth with a broken leg, the list is inexhaustible. When the glacier stops its advance these objects have been moved hundreds of miles over thousands of years. All of the grinding of giant rocks now leaves sand clay and gravel. This debris is deposited in what today looks like giant mounds of sand in comparison to the mighty size of a glacier. These mounds are moraines and they are what is left when a glacier melts. They have
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The poorly sorted nature of the conglomerates, considered with the inclusion of wood fragments in the older conglomerate members and the graded sandstones and mudstones throughout the formation suggest deposition occurred through successions of debris flows. Presence of volcanics in the lithic fragments further indicate volcanic activity in the process of sedimentation as well—as debris flows associated with lahars are the likely source of the slope failures. Deposition environment was moderate to deep marine, as mudstone deposits require low energy depositional environment, but the style of sedimentation indicate deposition was not on a continental shelf. This is further supported by inclusion of the large overturned clast from an older member within the formation. Cross-bedding, graded bedding, and scouring surfaces provide 3 lines of evidence establishing the northern contact of the formation as the original upward oriented surface.
Before going into a part of the world that people are not knowledgeable about, basic demographics are important to understand the people. Besides the demographics of the Huron, De Brebeuf informs the readers that the people were farmers, fishers, as well as traders of resources. Thanks to the writer, the Hurons were seen as a society that used many different methods to provide necessities for their tribe. De Brebeuf informed future settlers of the language of the Huron people.
Would you believe me if I told you that it was just as easy to swim in syrup as swimming in water? Well, it’s true! I know it seems crazy, doesn’t it? Throughout this essay, I am going to talk about the history of molasses (syrup), The Great Molasses Flood of 1919, and how we know swimming in syrup is much like swimming in a pool of
New York, the city of dreams, the land of riches, all because of the great canal. Begun in the 1817 and opened in its entirety 1825, the Erie Canal is considered the engineering marvel of the 19th century and will be that way for many years to come. The canal was 363 miles long and connected New York to the Great Lakes. The once derided as "Clinton's Folly" which is now known as the Erie Canal alternated by creating a vibrant economy, spreading religion, and growth in population along the new transportation network.
Though agriculture clearly played a fundamental role in Wisconsin’s existence, no component proved more paramount than that of timber. This realm more than any else molded Wisconsin into the self sufficient commercial-centric state that it is today, and thus propelled it into the public eye. Even Eau Claire early on was notable for maintaining a distinct and reputable timber industry itself. Not only did the plethora of wood provide more than enough resources to aid in constructing the ever-expanding popular railroads, which physically connected Wisconsin to everywhere else, but it also metaphysically shifted Wisconsin from settlement transience to established permanence. Settlers would no longer live in rudimentary shacks, but true, massively statured buildings.
Governor Rick Snyder caused one of the biggest disasters in Michigan. The flint water crisis. Governor Snyder switched the Flint water system which was connected to the Detroit water system to the Flint River. And right away people started noticing severe changes to their water. This was caused from the water pipes corroding and lead leaking into the water.
The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 was of the most powerful natural disasters of the 1900’s in 11 states along the Mississippi River from Illinois to Louisiana. The flood lasted from the beginning of April, through May, June and July and finally ended in August. During the flood, the river got to be as wide as 80 miles in some places and submerged residential areas in as much as 30 feet of water. The flood affected multiple states and the country in countless ways. Some of the ways it changed the country was in a social and political way.
In the last ice age (1200 BC), Long Island was formed by two spines of glaciers that contain soil and rock. The north shore of Long Island was formed where the glaciers receded and left behind the remaining debris. Due to this the north shore beaches of Long Island are rockier compared to the south
Dennis B. Blanton describes how causing more and more freshwater is becoming brackish causing fresh water to become scarce. To be able to get drinking water, the colonists dug wells across the land. However, the wells became vulnerable to drought and salt water intrusion. He also talks about how the transition affects the water. Due to the saltwater transition, and the filth within the water, the water was the reason for many diseases.
Lake Superior Lake Superior is one of breathtaking beauty with such clear water that the average underwater visibility is 27 feet. It is not just the biggest of the Great Lakes, it is the largest body of fresh water on this planet. The lake is 160 miles wide and 350 miles long with a surface area of 31,699 square miles and a water volume of 2,900 cubic miles. The deepest part of the lake is 1,300 feet. During most winters, it is covered by ice on 40 to 95 percent of its surface, but it rarely freezes completely because of its depth.
Homework 7 Gaven D. Crosby Pennsylvania College of Technology Homework 7 This paper will discuss the way that the Mississippi River, and the New Deal have affected emergency management. The Mississippi River is a river that floods quite often, almost every year. The lower portion floods more than the upper portions, and affects more people. This is due to the terrain of the areas surrounding the lower Mississippi.
Climate change is believed to be the biggest issue facing the Earth. It is a long-term change in the Earth’s temperatures and climate (“Climate Change”, Dictionary.com). Our atmosphere is part of the reason why we can live on Earth with reasonable temperatures. Humans have been emitting unnatural greenhouse gases, like coal, oil, and gas. This is changing the natural systems that take place in our atmosphere.
The ponderous, mythical opening of visionary auteur Guillermo del Toro’s Oscar-winning film The Shape of Water gently guides us into its unique blend of horror and romance, surrounded by the same magic del Toro effortlessly captured in its spiritual predecessor, Pan’s Labyrinth from 2006. In the age of superhero blockbusters, endless sequels and reboots, del Toro’s sensual adult fantasy manages to make its voice heard amidst the cacophony of studio demands and creative restriction. Set during the height of the Cold War in Baltimore 1962, the film follows the journey of mute custodian Elisa Esposito (played with aplomb by Sally Hawkins), who works at a high-security government research facility, and a amphibious humanoid creature captured from South America. Elisa proves that vulnerability is not a sign of weakness, that she doesn 't need to hide her identity under cynical facades; there is a nuanced strength at