It involves developing a relationship and self-confidence. Practitioner concerns Lily’s situation and speaks very softly but she seems to have less eye contact with the others during any conversation. She also seemed to be very withdrawn not actively socializing with other
Erik Erikson (1950, 1963) proposed a psychoanalytic theory of psychosocial development comprising eight stages from infancy to adulthood. Erikson has stated during each stage, the individual can experience a psychosocial crisis which can either lead to a positive or negative outcome for personality development (McLeod, 1). During this stage, adolescence become more independent and prepare for their future in terms of families, careers, bills, etc (McLeod, 39). Erikson’s theory also states that this stage is crucial as adolescents will try to rediscover his or her identity and try to figure out exactly who they are. During this specific period, adolescents start to explore possibilities and begin to develop their own personal identity based on their experiences, in which they have explored.
Erikson emphasises that the individual experiences significant psychosocial and personal change at each stage of life until death. Additionally, Levinson’s theory observes adulthood as a continual process of re-evaluation and change. Social and emotional features of adulthood are significant contributors to instability due to changing roles and emerging of life events. Continual challenges are guaranteed because the length of adulthood has endless potential for new experiences. This relates to Erikson’s notion that identity evolves throughout the lifespan due to experiences.
Case Study – Linda Prepared by Margaret Mills For Human Growth and Development QQI Level 5 Assignment February 2016 Introduction Linda is a 14 year old teenager who comes for respite at regular intervals to the care home I work in. Linda appears bubbly and out going and always mixes well with her peer group. On this occasion I notice Linda appears withdrawn and has lost a lot of weight she is not interacting with the other members for social activities. One of the other teenagers has told me that Linda has confided in her that she is being bullied in school and being called fat so she thinks if she doesn’t eat she will become thin and won’t get bullied. In this assignment we are going to look at how we
However, cognitive abilities increase, other areas seem to slip during adolescence. David Elkind, a psychologist, believed that Adolescent Egocentrism is encouraged during the adolescent transition period. During Adolescent Egocentrism, the world is only seen by the individual's own perspective. This results in the adolescent behavior of rebellion to higher authority, inability to receive criticism from others, and quick to blame others. Adolescent Egocentrism leads to two distortions of imaginary audience and personal fables.
This situation shows that Lennie does not learn from his mistakes. Lennie does not develop throughout the story. He does not gain any knowledge or grasp a new understanding of life. Lennie is too unintelligent to grow as a person. Lennie is too much of a simple minded person to grow and
The contributions and applications of the theory The theories proposed by Buss (1996) are being applied as a basis for evolutionary psychology today. For example, Michalski and Shackelford suggest that from an evolutionary viewpoint, personality is a representation of advanced psychological mechanisms which were created as a reaction to the adaptive difficulties regularly encountered by our descendants. This view of personality offers one to reinterpret many areas of personality such as individual differences in personality. Through examining personality from an evolutionary viewpoint Michalski and Shackelford discovered new insights in to various emotions such as social anxiety, jealousy, altruism, aggression, mate preferences, and desire
Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality explains personality development based on the interaction between Structural Modal agencies: id, ego and superego. Id consists of two components: Eros, the life instinct and Thanatos, the death instinct. Besides, id operates on pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification of desires regardless of consequences. However, when instant gratification is impossible, id engages in primary process, temporarily fulfilling wishes with mental images. Ego moderates between id, ego and the reality through reality principle, satisfying id’s desires while obeying superego’s moral standards realistically.
It comes from the knowledge of oneself and what one believes others think of himself. Self- esteem on the other hand makes us something does good or bad, worthy or unworthy. It’s how you see yourself or how you know about yourself, sometimes called your self -evaluation. (MayBleeker, 2009). One’s self- concept is very general and changeable as we grow older their perception and uniqueness become much more organized, detailed and specific(Pastrorino&Doyle-Portillo, 2013).
Self-esteem is feeling good about self and feeling worth-while. Self-esteem enables children to try new things without much fear of failing. Positive self-esteem builds solid foundation for life. It is a way people think and feel about themselves. Self-esteem in children is how they feel accepted and appreciated by adults and peers thus they develop a sense of self which is shaped by their experiences.