The American Civil War that was started due to the controversy over slavery in 1861, was won by The Union supported by President Lincoln against the Confederate states. President Lincoln’s original goal during the civil war was to reunify the nation as quickly as possible and help both sides come to an understanding. After the Civil War ended in 1865, the newly formed United States’ reconstruction era began. The Reconstruction era was put into effect by the Congress in 1866 and lasted until 1877. The Union’s victory in the Civil War had given African Americans a new sense of hope, devastated the southern economy, and eased the history of disunity in American political life.
After the Union won the Civil War, slaves were given freedom, but African Americans were not completely free. President Andrew Johnson had very lenient policies for Reconstruction after the Civil War, which allowed southerners from the Confederate states to enact restrictive laws against blacks. These laws were called “Black Codes”, and were primarily designed to restrict African Americans’ labor and activity even though slavery had already been abolished. The Black Codes took away rights from African Americans that were guaranteed to them by the Fourteenth Amendment. For example, some states had laws that required African Americans to sign labor contracts each year and if they refused, they could be arrested, fined, or forced to work without pay.
This makes the reader easy to understand the point of the American Revolution or slave trade. The author also mentioned that he thinks that the slavery is the reason what made America a united country. The author also mentions that the slavery helped the constitution of United States get into shape. This book explains that the south people were afraid that north would let go off slavery. The north compromises but later the civil war solves the problem of slavery in United States.
Many of the social changes involved the South because the Union had been fighting for emancipation of slaves, so the social changes weren’t as drastic. Meanwhile, in the ex-confederacy, they were still fighting to keep slavery alive and still viewed blacks as property. Near the end of the Civil War, when it looked like confederates were losing anti-black groups started forming. In fact, in Harper’s Weekly in 1874, an image was featured and it depicted two people, one from the kkk and one from the white league, holding a banner that had black in fear and said worse than slavery. Their audience were those who agreed with emancipation, and more specifically blacks who had just been free.
From the 1600s, African Americans were treated as slaves for white people. They had a very difficult life in their way of living. In 1861 the north were against having slaves, but the south wanted to allow slavery. Then the Civil War between the North and South began. Finally, the North won, and the slaves became free.
The years between 1865 and 1920 could be described a time of great change for African Americans in the United States. The year of 1865 President Lincoln established the Emancipation Proclamation this means that it did not end slavery. As a result of the Emancipation Proclamation the Civil War Amendments were the designed to ensure equality for recently emancipated slaves. The 13th Amendment was passed, this was a presidential proclamation and the executive order issue. Due to the passing of the 15th amendment tenants began to take advantage of the fact people were starting to receive more rights.
After slavery, African Americans in the south were in a time of change. Though they were free from slavery, whippings, and auctions, I believe life became difficult for them even after slavery ended. Racism began to grow increasingly, as many could not accept the fact that there was no more slavery. It became stricter when the government in the South enforced laws called Black Codes. Those laws were set to grant only certain rights to people of color.
The American Civil War (1961-1865) was a major transformable event in American history. By the end of the war, the question of slavery was resolved with the passage of the Thirteenth, the Fourteenth and the Fifteenth Amendments. Although, rights were guaranteed for African Americans after the war, the constitutional amendments were no longer practically enforced following the Reconstruction Period. Throughout this period from the late nineteenth to the early twentieth century, the white political elites in the South regained their power by constructing Confederate monuments and memorials to promote a certain historical narrative. This was evident with the actions of Confederate organizations who promoted the lost cause narrative.
Although theoretically black workers were free men, in fact, they had to put up with infringement of their civil, legal and property rights. Now the white owners were able to extend the life of the Negro and actively used it. As a result of prolonged service very soon turned into an open-ended. Moreover, the offspring of black slaves automatically inherit the status of their mothers, that is also turned into slaves. Fifth, in 1697, Royal African Company lost its monopoly on the slave trade that gave free rein to its competitors and has led to the expansion of trade in slaves.
The Reconstruction period after the Civil War was characterized by a battle of ideas waged between President Andrew Johnson and the Radical Republicans in Congress. While Johnson was lenient toward the South and didn't value African American rights, Congress focused on protecting and expanding the rights of former slaves through the Civil Rights Act and an extension of the Freedmen's
The military reconstruction act basically forced the southern states to begin to accept that black people had equal rights as they did. Apart of the act was getting blacks the right to vote. Once this happened republicans believed that the voting power of ex-slaves would bring up a revolution in the south, which is a part of the constitutional
Many organizations have tried to help form more freedom for African Americans by creating protests. According to article “Voting Rights Struggle,” “The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, various black individuals, and other civil rights organizations continued to work through the political and judicial systems to overturn the legal obstacles, and some progress was made including the outlawing of grandfather clauses (1915) and the white primary (1944)” (Voting Rights Struggle). As a result, they created an association that created two clauses that helped change the laws and give more freedom to African Americans. The South started to give African Americans responsibility and representation in government. According to the video “The Failure of Reconstruction,” the struggle between North and South shifted from the battlefield to the
The purpose of the Underground Railroad was to free slaves from the ownership of slave owners, and did just that. Over 100,000 thousand slaves were freed from slave owners, and they managed to live their own lives. While slaves escaping did bring about anti-black sentiment from the Southern States most clearly seen in the Fugitive Slave Act, it brought support for abolition because white people could see that all the slaves were just as human as the rest of them. This may not have changed their beliefs of inferiority, but it did change their beliefs that African Americans deserved such cruel treatment. After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else.
The Reconstruction of the South, after the Civil War, could be viewed as a success or an utterly failure. The war itself was a major success, with slavery coming to an end. The freeing of the slaves was the high point before the South turned down the dark and winding road of Reconstruction. When Reconstruction started under President Johnson in 1865, it was not very popular with the Northern politicians. The Southern legislation had come up with different challenges to keep a strong hold on the African Americans that were still in the South.
So even though they were free, the white southerners still wanted control of the African Americans in the south. That lasted for a year after the civil war. After the black codes were abolished power hungry southerners resorted to bribery and torture to prevent radical republicans from getting in the government. .