Issue Presented: The use of rational choice theory, as well as labeling theory in regards to decision making and assisting in developing departmental policy. Short Answer: The ability to enforce stricter rules will change the thought process of offender before committing a crime or rule violation, along with making them productive members of society through re-entry will lift the label off of them. Statement of Facts: The use of rational choice theory can be used to help determine what offenders thought process maybe during the commitment of violating facility rules. This is often considered “risk vs reward.” (SNHU, 2018)According to the book Criminological Theories it states “rationality is the decision-making process of determining the
This essay draws conclusions as to which method the legal system should implement. The showup is a suggestive procedure. A show-up is an identification procedure in which, the police present a single suspect to an eyewitness, then ask the eyewitness whether the suspect is the perpetrator. The showup is suggestive because the witness views the suspect, whilst the suspect are in police custody.
Ashley Smith CRJU 1400 LU 7 Review Questions Review Questions for Learning Unit Seven What governs the ethical conduct of lawyers? Discuss the pros and cons of plea bargaining. What has the U.S. Supreme Court held in regards to the professional misconduct of prosecutors? (in terms of punishment) How do forfeiture laws help to deter the conduct of mob lawyers?
I don’t really like that feeling but I understand that this type of questioning is used to get useful information from the client in order to provided effect services and appropriate treatment. The video provided demonstrates of how to introduce in ASI. I like how the counselor has a chance to explain what the ASI is and how it would be used.
While watching “The Verdict” I saw several terms and actions that I learned about in class over the past unit. I could see the type of judge that was portrayed in this film, how the lawyers behaved, and each side 's story. I felt this story really tried to portray the larger image cast throughout the story arc. Despite what the main trends indicated in the plot, the moment to moment interactions created a more prominent and relevant development to the understanding of law and order.
According to Taxman (1999, 2004) while implementing EBP, probation officers conduct risk assessments, collaborate with offenders to create problem-oriented case plans addressing criminogenic needs, match offenders to appropriate services, model pro-social behavior, and use enhanced communication and motivational interviewing techniques to promote cognitive restructuring and behavioral change ( as cited in Taxman, 1999; Taxman, Shepardson, & Byrne, 2004). We have to dig into the lives of the offenders under probation supervision to find out what makes them tick, what makes them angry, what their issues are, what their hopes and dreams are and try to connect them with programs to support their needs. Probation officers are required to connect and engage with offenders more than in the past. The probation officer’s interaction and communication style is one the most important factors in reducing recidivism. While the ability to empathize is what makes probation officers most effective in their work, it also makes them more vulnerable, “because empathy is the pathway through which trauma is vicariously transferred” (Lewis, 2013).
For example, law enforcement officers, attorneys, correction officers, or even judges can be faced with discretionary decision making when it comes to the criminal justice process. This process will begin with having to arrest by the law enforcement officer who is in the field. As the case is officially forwarded to the attorney, multifarious avenues of discretionary decisions will be available to resolve a case or cases. When it comes to officers, they must use discretion when it comes down to deciding to enforce the law when situations arise. As an example, unclear laws or moral standards can cause an officer to have an alternate resolution when it comes to the problem.
In other words: certain people and social groups create and formulate ideas about our world, which under certain conditions turn into unquestioned truths and start to seem normal’. His analysis focused on power relationships in society as expressed through, in particular, the written word. Conducting such an analysis offers a means of challenging the way the world has come to be constructed as it is and how it may be constructed differently. For instance, the way people think about crime can vary greatly and what is viewed as socially acceptable can change over time depending on the influence that various pressure groups can have on public policy – as Florian Schneider points out, “it is a continuous negotiation process on what the “correct” view should be” Discourse the-ory helps us think about the connection between communication and politics and the world we live in, and asks us to slowly and systematically put together the puzzle pieces that make up social relations”. (Politics East Asia, 2013).
The “CSI Effect” or known as “CSI syndrome” is a term used to describe on how the overstated portrayal of forensic science and technology shown on the crime investigation drama series, such as CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, Law & Order etc. generate a psychological impact to the judicial system and general public, in which there is a raise of expectations of forensic science and technology by case victims and trial jurors. In this review, I will explore on the possible effects between the forensic fiction and the expectation of the crime victims in regard to the real-life investigation procedure, where various aspects of the research proposal and relevant ethical issues concerning the proposed method, design and data collection will be discussed,
People need to be more open minded and educate themselves more on different races and beliefs. Based on the definitions and examples of racism, I think it was made clear that although racism is somehow related to stereotyping, both are not equally the same. People should be more informed about what racism is and the outcomes of it so that it could be slowly removed from society. The belief that a certain race can produce better people in terms of skills and physical appearance is not a logical
The Internal Affairs Unit became the main anticorruption program as a response to crimes committed by officers during the course of their duties. This unit is task with investigating officers who are accused of misconduct. In order for the Internal Affairs Unit or designee (depending upon the size of the department) to be involved, the officer must be accused of displaying either unethical, unscrupulous or immoral behavior. These actions go against departments policy of less than professional standards and are investigator in an effort to maintain the communities respect.
If we are aware of the consequence stereotype threat can have, and if we are able to understand how we perceive others and others perceive us, then we are equipped to better control negative effects of stereotype threat (Steele, 2010). Simply having the knowledge that stereotype threat exists can severely alter the negative effects. Reading Whistling Vivaldi in the Race Unit of my TEC class has deepened my understanding of identity and taught me that awareness is everything. Not only is it key to combating stereotype threat, but having awareness is also pivotal to becoming an engaged citizen. Without knowledge of current events and awareness of what is going on in my surroundings, there is no way that I can be an active member of my society nor can I have an impact on people.
The best solution to prevent the genocide is to identify and spotlight the countries in danger of genocidal violence and the population should be educated about the abuses of ethnic identity and ethnic cleansing. Moreover, the international community could prevent the genocide by various methods such as negotiations, mediation, coercive methods like defaulters and sanctions, use of high technology like the signal jamming of radio stations. In addition to this, international communities need to break their silence and resolve indifferences and to implement the ‘political will’ strictly; they should be committed towards the principles of power sharing, consensus building, post conflict recovery and timely action. President Bill Clinton admits, about the Rwanda genocide failure, that it was one of “the greatest regrets of [his]
Majority verdicts are a means to reach an agreed verdict by allowing the jury to have eleven to one votes or in the case of a smaller trial, ten to one. There is a lot of controversy about majority verdicts and whether they are an improvement or a diminishment of the original unanimous verdict. Samuel Brownback is an American Politician who believes that our legal system needs to be improved and reformed; one such method of improvement is majority verdicts. Although majority verdicts can sometimes result in an incorrect sentence, its benefits are more beneficial with some benefits being; fewer mistrials occurring, less impact from rogue or stealth jurors and avoid having jurors bribed or intimidated. Majority verdicts are when all but one juror
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF AMERICA'S JURY SYSTEM Eighteen out of one-hundred people are summoned for jury duty each year. Each jury member a normal person whose decisions are influenced by the world’s culture and affected by their busy schedules. Therefore, Americas jury systems are no longer effective in the twenty-first century, as a result of outside opinions, beliefs, and events taking place in our world. First, jury members in today's society don't have time to recall for jury duty. In fact, jury duty is often dreaded or avoided among Americans.