African Americans comprise 31% of individuals arrested for drug violations. In eleven states, at least 1 in 20 black adults are in prison. Research shows that prosecutors are twice as likely to pursue a mandatory minimum sentence for black people as for white people charged with the same crime. One in nine black children and one in 38 Latino children have an incarcerated parent, compared to one in 57 white children. Higher rates of incarceration in minority communities have lead to the destruction of the family
Cox (2009) explain the logic in the numbers by asserting that “African Americans are convicted more frequently than Caucasians and other races (making up fifty-nine percent of persons convicted of drug offenses), African Americans are subjected to the Federal Sentencing Guidelines more frequently. "(Cox, 2009, p.23) Wooldredge (2007) correlates social and economic disadvantages as being a driving factor minorities being an easy target for felony convictions. Wooldredge (2007) believes that Sentences are more severe for minority defendants from more social And economically disadvantaged areas within jurisdictions. (Wooldredge, 2007, p.239) Disenfranchisement of felons, especially African-Americans have brought with it a large growing concern
How does white privilege factor in? Race plays a pivitol role with incarceration. African Americans are eight times more likely to be in prison than whites. Latinos are three times more likely. Our society assumes that whites are less likely to do crimes and minorities are more likely to be criminals.
Justice is not colorblind. According to the Human Rights Watch, “people of color are no more likely to use or sell illegal drugs than whites, but they have higher rate of arrests.” (Human Rights Watch) According to data found by the Department of Education, “96,000 students were arrested and 242,000 referred to law enforcement by schools during the 2009-10 school year.” (Washington Post). “Of those students, black and Hispanic students made up more than 70 percent.” (Washington Post) The deaths of Freddie Gray, Trayvon Martin and John Brown and the outrage these cases stirred, proves that racism does exist in the criminal justice system. Therefore, to prevent racial disparity in the criminal justice system it is crucial that America steps up in changing the way that officers respond to a victim of another race, reducing discriminatory mindsets, and lessening the victimizing that is set on these other groups of people.
This statistic could steam from since 1980 to present the prison system has quadrupled in population from a half of million people to roughly 2.5 million people(NAACP,2015). Some would say that this is the reason for the downward trend of violent crimes in America, Because more of the people are locked up and not on the streets in order to commit crimes. Which may be the case, but the question still remains why is the statics of race in the prison system still a overwhelmingly different. For Example African Americans are locked up 6 times more than white offenders, As of 2008 the prison system is predominantly (58%) made up of African Americans and Latinos (NAACP,2015). From these statistics, it could possibly be assumed that the socioeconomic status from where a person is from could lead to a answer as to why this is happening all over
Hong Kong prisons are generally populated with Hong Kong citizens and the mainland Chinese, while Americans prisons consist of the Caucasian, African-Americans, Latinos, Asian populations. So there is less gang activity involved in the Hong Kong prison cells than in the United States. Usually gangs in prison are created due to race differences. And also race plays a huge role in the American prison system because there are more African American men incarcerated in the U.S. than the total prison populations in India, Argentina, Canada, Lebanon, Japan, Germany, Finland, Israel and England combined according to Antonio Moore in his Huffington Post article. In fact that this so severe that there are more black men in the grip of the criminal-justice system-in prison, on probation, or on parole-than were in slavery" (Gopnik 2013).
Throughout history, the rate of incarceration among African American men has been significantly higher than that of other races. Since the 1970’s, it seems that serving time in jail is the rite of passage for an African American male. One of the contributing factors lies in the disparities of sentencing in the Criminal Justice System, especially during the drug war. According to Western & Becky Pettit (2010), African Americans have always been incarcerated at a higher rate than whites. Laws were enacted from 1914 (The Harrison Act) that restricted the sale of heroin and cocaine, which were both legal and established the legal framework for intervention on drug policy.
Racial equalities are when people of tied to poverty and tied to race, possibly even more than in other Eastern North Carolina rural communities where blacks and Latinos typically experience higher rates of poverty than their white counterparts.Overall, black and Latino residents of North Carolina are much more likely to live in poverty than white North Carolinians. In the state, 27.7 percent of African-Americans live in poverty, while 34 percent of Latinos do, according to an analysis by the N.C. Budget and Tax Center. Less than 12 percent of the state’s white population lives in poverty. Those rates go up even higher for children
When contact into the juvenile justice system is exhibited by minority youth at a significantly higher rate than their white, non-Hispanic counterparts, a racial disparity exists within the system. Years of racial segregation, discrimination and the overall mistreatment of minorities in the public, however, have influenced the disparity trend. Although minorities represent 21% of the U.S. population for adolescents in 2011, they represented 71% of all adolescents held in detention while committing 66% to a juvenile facility upon determination of delinquency. Accordingly, the percentage of minorities who made contact with the juvenile system is more than double their percentage in population. Likewise, although data on juvenile delinquency has
(Heumann, Milton, and Lance 85) In Maryland, blacks were stopped at a significantly greater rate than the actual proportion of black drivers, and yet the rate of successful searches for contraband with the same as whites, suggests the fact that race played a large part in initial stop practices by some police. (Heumann, Milton, and Lance 91) In california, a California Legislator revealed 90% of all motorist arrested by pipeline units since 1991 have been members of minority group. (Heumann, Milton, and Lance 88) African-American motorists in particular, and minority motorists in general, were proportionately more likely than whites to be stopped on the roadway studied. (Racial Profiling: Limited Data Available on Motorist Stops : Report to the Honorable James E. Clyburn, Chairman, Congressional Black Caucus) In 2004, Amnesty International USA conservatively estimated that one in three people in the United States approximately is at high risk of being subjected to some form of racial profiling, based on the number of US citizens that were racially categorized by the US 2000 Census. (Threat and Humiliation: Racial Profiling, Domestic Security, and Human Rights in the United States) A 2000 report n Los Angeles revealed that one in four officers in Los Angeles agreed that racial profiling exists and contributes to a negative interaction between police and the community.
However, in relation to police relations, the police stop black males more frequently than white males. It also suggests that black male with higher earning face more police target than other groups. The black males receive more police attention in compare to whites and has more arrested rate than whites. Also, the black receive harsh punishments and long sentences in jail than whites. The black group indulge
“Black youth are ten times more likely than white youth to be arrested for drug crimes” according to the ISR (International Socialist Review). As you can see African Americans were at a disadvantage, even if they weren’t doing anything wrong, they were more likely to get stopped by a cop over any other race. Even in today’s society, we see a repeated act of unfairness, especially towards ethnic cultures. Though officers no in their mind its not right, they continue to abuse their
Why did the law allow this? This bring me back to the topic of institutional racism. Statistically speaking blacks who had just graduated from college have twice as much of a hard time finding a job than whites. It 's founded that people who have names that “sound black”, send out about 50 percent more applications than a white person. Unemployment rates for the black community is at a whopping 10.4 percent compared to the white and latino community, 4.7 percent.
The suicide rate among white Americans is double that of African Americans (there are disproportionately higher rates in older white men). Native Americans (including those in Alaska) have rates of suicide that are at least 50 percent higher than those in the white population. In the United States, East Asian American women have the highest suicide rates of all women over the age of 65, while Hispanic Americans are half as likely to complete suicide as white Americans, but there are significantly higher rates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in young Hispanic Americans at high school, ideation and attempts which are now being reflected in their suicide rates. Changes in suicide rates have also been reported in African American youths in the United States among those 10 to 14 years old: between 1980 and 1995 there was an increase that was almost double that for the