The journey to the New World for both indentured servants and slaves was miserable as the torrid conditions on the ship proved to be deadly for many and devastating for the rest. On the ship carrying the indentured servants to the colonies in America, people were stuffed in cramped confines. An account from Gottlieb Mittelberger, a German schoolmaster who traveled on a ship to Philadelphia with poor immigrants who would become servants, wrote, “One person receives a place of scarcely 2 feet width and 6 feet length in the bedstead, while many a ship carries four to six hundred souls; not to mention the innumerable implements, tools…” (Mittelberger). In a crowded ship with several hundred others and many other items, each indentured servant barely …show more content…
The slaves, feeling the same homesickness that plagued the indentured servants, took one step further and tried to escape the boats by jumping overboard, such was their desire to return …show more content…
The slaves were abducted from their homeland and put onto boats to colonies in the Americas for work and had no real desire to travel there; however, the indentured servants were, as T. H Breen, a noted historian, notes, “people who, in Governor Berkeley’s words, arrived in America with a ‘hope of bettering their conditions in a Growing Country.’” (Breen). He also writes that, “Many came voluntarily.” (Breen). There was a choice regarding the indentured servant’s trip to the New World while the slaves had no such luxury, slightly differentiating the trip the servants took and the trip the slaves took. The journeys for those in indentured servitude and slaves were both miserable as the conditions proved so dreadful that both sets of people felt incredibly homesick; however, while the people opting for indentured servitude had a say in their decision to travel, the slaves had no such
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Going on slave voyages to Africa was a dangerous occupation to perform during the time of the Atlantic slave trade considering that “nearly one crew member in four died on French slaving voyages” (Harms 80). The Diligent would lose several of its crew members during the fifteen month voyage since it was relatively common to lose crew members and even the African captives during the Atlantic slave trade. Furthermore, the journey itself was difficult to accomplish during the Atlantic slave trade because of many factors such as “increased dangers from pirates, tropical diseases, and shipboard slave revolts made it risky” (Harms 80). On their way to Whydah and Martinique, the crew of the Diligent noticed a vessel that could have potentially been a pirate ship. Pirates were such a significant threat to the crew of the Diligent, that on their way back from Martinique, the Diligent had to travel with two other ships to protect their goods from being raided and jeopardized.
William Moraley’s failure in the American colonies was not due to laziness but being at the wrong place at the wrong time. His hard work and motivation to better his life just didn’t work in his favor. Even before his journey to America, Moraley had a string of bad luck. After his father’s death, he quarreled with his mother for his rightful fortune. But unable to acquire these funds he was reduced to poverty.
The need for survival was essential for both the crew of the slave ship and the African captives. When African captives were loaded on board a slave ship, a form of a cold war would reign on the ship until they sold all the captives as slaves at their destination in the New World. The crew aboard the slave ship would become increasingly paranoid since they did not know if a slave uprising would break out or not. All members of a slave ship crew (including cooks, carpenters, and doctors) would become jail keepers. The only way the crew of a slave ship could survive the middle passage is to prevent the outbreak of a slave rebellion.
In the early 1600’s, indentured servants, usually someone from a poor class in England would sell their labor for a term of four to seven years for the opportunity to travel across the Atlantic and be funded by a master/farmer. After reviewing “A Contract for Indentured Service (1635)” the blank contract I referenced indicates a term of four to seven years to be completed. The contract promises to pay the servant in meat, drinks, apparel and lodging during his time as an indentured servant. After the term is completed the master is required to provide his former servant: clothing, three barrels of corn, and fifty acres of land. The risks that potential indentured servants had to consider when migrating to the American colonies were the bad
They needed so many slaves to do all of the work required to meet the demands. The Slave Ship the Brookes is a picture of what a slave ship looked like- how the slaves were packed into the ship (Document 5). The need to make money drove the Europeans to the extreme when putting the slaves on the boats.
Many of them were beaten and tortured. Because of the slave trading, their family members are sold to different owners. Most of them did not have enough to eat, warm clothes or a good place to live. Almost everyone scared to be sold to the south, because the way of treating to the slaves in south was so harder than other places. Based on these facts their mind automatically generated the word “escape or run away”.
so they just could go and get more slaves to take your spot. Some slaves on there way over would even commit suicide so they would not have to endure what was coming next. When you got to the land you would go directly to auctions were slaves would be bought and sold and then you were off to work. The work you may have done was either working as a domestic slave in which you would help run the household, cook, clean, take care of the children and basically do what you owner tells you to do. You may have worked in the fields on a farm or on a plantation where you would work in the beating hot sun especially in the
The indentured servants came to the new world because they were in search of better opportunities and a better lifestyle. Its emergence in the seventeenth century in Virginia can be seen as a development convenient to the circumstances surrounding the colony. Indentured servants were able to come to the new world and work for four to seven years and as a result be able to gain their freedom and headright land. It was seen that many of indentured servants had more rights over what the slaves had. For example, a man named Anthony Johnson an African-American, lived in Chesapeake and came to Virginia in 1621 to work as a servant.
I would move to Pennsylvania to become a indentured servant because even though you are being a slave and might not have any say in what you will be doing and what harsh treatment that they may be acting towards you .It will be worth the suffering because it will only be for a couple of years to be put to work until you pay for what you owe of them for bring you into the new world. After you are done paying your dues you get to leave free and you are offered a piece of land to live on and do as you please. I would feel like there would be more opportunities to become a slave than to just being a poor famer that has to live off his crops and build with what he has. In some of the sources it is talking about being a servant it is more convincing
Many slaves have escaped through the course of history, each pursuing freedom in various ways. While some were successful, others ended in failure and were punished severely. Some made it through pure luck while others went through careful planning. The first and most common escape strategy was through music.
Douglass encountered multiple harsh realities of being enslaved. For example, the ex-slave was practically starved to death by his masters on multiple occasions. In fact, “[He was] allowed less than a half of a bushel of corn-meal per week, and very little else... It was not enough for [him] to subsist upon... A great many times [he had] been nearly perishing with hunger” (pg 31).
But in the end, it was a decision between staying a slave, or fighting for their freedom. The slaves were promised by the British that “In return for their loyal service in the late American war, they were to be granted two gifts of unimaginably precious worth: their freedom and their acres” (Schama). Some of the promises made from the British to the American slaves were unexpectedly betrayed, but the ones that were kept created amazing opportunities. The fulfilled promises gave hope to the slaves for the freedom they had longed for their entire
Even though the German has mixed experiences with Pennsylvania, the indentured servants, women and slaves were the ones that could not see best out of Pennsylvania. The indentured servants were bound to their masters when they arrived in Pennsylvania. Unfortunately for them, they were considered unfree rather than a “freemen” (39). These servants were usually held for four years then exchanged for payment to be sold to a new masters. Luckily for the indentured servants they were not unfree permanently in Pennsylvania.
Slavery is equally a mental and a physical prison. Frederick Douglass realized this follow-ing his time as both a slave and a fugitive slave. Douglass was born into slavery because of his mother’s status as a slave. He had little to go off regarding his age and lineage. In the excerpt of the “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
One of the reasons is that it is very expensive and troublesome to transport a huge number of slaves across the ocean. People were treated horribly, but in those days such actions were not crimes. Even if we consider them as crimes, they can not be regarded as