In 1860 through 1900 America experienced a huge period of industrial growth. This was due to 3 reasons. The first was that there was a huge tide of immigrants coming to America, second is that there was a lot of new inventions, and third being that the Civil War stimulated mass production techniques. Immigrants provided big companies with cheap labor, and lots of it. From 1880 to 1921, 23 million immigrants came to the U.S looking for work and opportunity. Many of these immigrants were unskilled workers who were just agricultural laborers. Some businesses bought ad space in the European newspapers saying that they would buy the immigrants ticket to america if they came to work for them. But they did not mention that they would be spending most of the rest of their lives trying to pay them back. This was one of the ways companies got extremely cheap labor. Inventions in the industrial revolution provided a means to make work faster and easier. In 1860, only 4357 patents were issued. But by 1900 24,644 patents were issued for inventions.In total, this is a difference of 19,887 patents issued between 1860 and 1900. This increase of inventions over the years helped pave the way for industrial growth. They did this by making it so factories can produce goods for …show more content…
This is good because goods like iron,steel, and railroads were needed to rebuild the nation. Also new cities were being made and had a high demand for the very same goods. When Abraham Lincoln became president, he and congress were unopposed in the making of new bills that would allow America to emerge from the war with great economic potential. One such initiative that Lincoln supported was the Pacific railway act, which made it so that there would be a transcontinental railroad linking the east and the west. This means that thousands of factories and laborers will get jobs helping produce this
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Looking at the pace of development and rapid industrialization of the United States in the late Nineteenth century, we can figure out and sort many major and minor contributing factors aiding the industrialization process. Keeping all the factors and conditions into consideration, first thing is the mechanization of Labor force. The division of labor eventually facilitated production by reducing the producing cost. The labor force that built America during the late nineteenth century was comprised of primarily the immigrants. The contribution of many inventors and scientist, including gasoline powered automobiles, advanced coal engines, the telephone and the typewriter and many more advanced railways that helped to connect the entire US played a significant function in manufacturing, producing and whole industrialization process.
America was left with an enormous problem after the civil war, thousands of unskilled people. But, through strategic decisions this would lead to tremendous industrial growth. Industrialization grew rapidly during the period of 1860-1900 as a result of a verity of factors .Technological advancements, monopolies, and political assistance would all contribute in making America one of the leading global powers.
War profits that were invested into the industrialization, helped the economy become stronger. However, industrialization was insanely horrible for the United States during 1865-1900, for the reasons of working conditions, corruption and the boom and bust cycle. The working conditions in the factories, that the workers faced were scandalous. These horrible working conditions resulted in the workers performing strikes because of unhealthy environments, low wages and overcrowding.
This invention also sparked a major increase in the number of immigrants coming to the United States looking for newfound prosperity. For example, by 1890, more than 5 million people had emigrated to the U.S. during the industrialization period (Arrival of the Immigrants). Additionally, the increased economic growth brought about by industrialization made it easier for manufacturers to access other markets and allowed for the establishment of larger-scale agricultural businesses. This period of expanded economic growth and development created more wealth for a larger number of citizens (Berresford). As a result, increases in real wages, higher population densities, and better living standards characterized the United States economy by the end of the 19th century
From 1865 to 1900, the rise of Industrial America occurred. In this time period, the railroad system was developed, new job opportunities sprung up left and right, and the American dream changed. Although the American society’s economy and standard of living seemed to prosper, it also allowed laborers’ lives to crumble,strikes occurred, children were left uneducated and forced to work in order to help support their families, and forced those families to get accustomed to squalid living conditions and hazardous working environments. The social classes developed.
Late 19th century, the United States became the leading industrial nation in the world which transformed the national economy of the nation during the period called Gilded Age. The most influential development of this era were the new inventions of the inventors, who invented new ideas and new products which led to a rise of big business. The inventors mostly controlled the nationwide industries, factories and had much control over the government and people who owned small business. Because of these new inventions the American life was changed and there was a drastic growth in the urban areas, there were significant changes in the transportation, agriculture, communication, and there was a demand in the labor union because of the newly built factories and industries. The life of this era was seemed to be constantly in motion as big businesses were rising and the life of every American got busier and busier because of the newly invented products.
Between the year of 1865 and the year of 1920, the United States moved towards becoming a more industrialized and developing society. With this change taking place, resulted in improvement with how people live with family and earned money differently. The three major aspects of industrialization during the 1865 and 1920 that influenced the politics, economy and society of the United States are: entrepreneurship, technology, as well as transport and communication network. Entrepreneurship: the period after the Civil War from 1865 to 1920 was characterized by fast economic growth in the country.
daily the demand was growing for labor. Immigrants were coming from all over by the 1800’s, Africa, England, and Scottland to name a few. Almost all the immigrants from Africa were enslaved upon arrival to the colonies. The second major reason for the increased growth was natural increase by reproduction.
They entered America legally through Ellis Island in New York or Angel Island in San Francisco, yet others entered illegally and found a way to remain hidden from the law. Before the elevation of Big Business in America, Europe had been industrializing throughout the entirety of the 1800s; therefore, after this rapid urbanization the immigrants supplied new technology, ideas, and more support for better factory conditions. Clearly, the growth of the number of immigrants in America created a demand for similar advancements in
During the period of 1860-1900, there were many factors that helped to promote America’s industrial growth. With railroads increasing commerce, a large supply of necessary resources: coal, iron, and water, help from the supportive government, and a large wave of new immigrants it really was irresistible to not turn into a much more mechanized country. Once the 20th century was upon us, America was one of the greatest industrial nations in the World. Industrialization is what has led this country to be as successful as we know it today. As shown in Document 2, in 1860, there were less than 40,000 miles of railroad track.
The late 1800s marked the start of the Industrial Revolution for the United States. Prior to the rapid industrialization, people lived in rural communities and manufacturing was done largely by local craftsmen. After the Civil War, certain needs were emphasized such as the need for faster production, transportation, and better communication. All of these needs were met by the Industrial Revolution due to technological advancements. These advancements had great effects on the structure of cities at the time.
In particular, textile industries found themselves in a position where they can acquire a great amount of workers and then pay them a small wage. Because New York City was the destination for many immigrants coming from Europe, the job market for them was competitive. Immigrants arriving in New York found themselves with thousands of other immigrants, and for some, knowing only their native language and being unskilled farmers, had a limited choice of jobs. These characteristics were the easiest to exploit for a textile owner, as they had nowhere else to work and could not afford to
The major reasons for the United States to develop an empire in the 1800s were the closing of the American frontier, economics, religious and moral reasons, and geopolitics(Schultz,2014). The closing of the American frontier included acquiring new frontier from other countries. Americans believed that the “Wild West” frontier was so integral in shaping America, that we might require a new frontier in order to ensure the survival of its democracy. Economic reasons for the 1800s growth was for business leaders to access overseas markets and materials. They knew they would receive federal assistance and protection from the government.
The conclusion of the eighteenth century and the dawn of the nineteenth was a time of great growth of industry in America. There were many positives of this growth, and many negatives. One positive were that everybody has more luxuries; another positive was that a lot of money came into the US. There were many severe negatives of the new growth of industry. Two of these were horrible factory conditions, and child labor.
It also led to the involvement of child labor and people belonging to all genders. It was only after the Civil War that the nation’s railroads became extensive enough to distribute the excess product created by the industrialized factories across different regions. Between 1865 and 1920, industries began to industrialize with the advancements in technology. The result of industrialization was more economic activity aimed at distributing and selling the products.