Prior to the Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain in the late 1700s, manufacturing was often done in people’s homes, using hand tools or basic machines. Industrialization marked a shift to powered, special-purpose machinery, factories and mass production. The iron and textile industries, along with the development of the steam engine, played central roles in the Industrial Revolution, which also saw improved systems of
Child labor was a huge issue in the late 1800’s to the 1900’s. Children often worked through unfair, unhealthy, and unsafe. Children often worked hard for little pay. The children often contracted diseases and lost arms, hands and fingers in accidents and even died sometimes. Young workers had dangerous jobs like working in the coal mines.
The Industrial Age, appearing ingenious and uncannily beneficial in the long run, bore times of terror across a span of a couple hundred years. Though many don’t realize, industrialization still flourishes among society in present day, only more humanely. Throughout the 1700s and 1800s an industrial life came about excruciatingly slow moving, sustaining a prolonged amount of laborious struggle among urbanized families. In modern day we view the effects positively, but to live in the hardships ensued during this time was nothing something one would wish upon themselves to experience. Industrialization proves significantly more negative to the community for women and children were prominently disregarded, housing and cities lacked sanitary precautions,
As the rate of industrialization in America grew during the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries, child labor became more and more common. The rapid growth of the economy and the vast amounts of poor immigrants during the Industrial Age in America justified the work of children as young as the age of three. By 1900, over two million children were employed. However, the risks of involving child labor greatly outweighed the positives; child labor was inhumane, cruel, and caused physical deformities among children. Children typically worked in coal mines, mills, and factories which contained many life-threatening hazards.
The Industrialization had bloom during the late 1800s early 1900s. This big growth was a positive and negative impact in the United States history. This began the devastating practice of child labor. Children would work in factories for very long hours be paid very low wages or not even be paid. According to Harold Goldstein, ‘’it had been accepted as a norm, employment of young children gradually came to be viewed as harmful and exploitative in the United States.’’
Each has their own goal and theses. Often working in pairs they have unraveled the under-researched world of child labor. The first economist discussed is Hugh Cunningham. He is at the forefront of his field having published several books and articles about child labor. In 2000, he wrote the article, “The Decline of Child Labour: Labour Markets and Family Economies in Europe and North America Since 1830” published in The Economic History Review. His article discussed child labor in the western economies in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
The industrial changes of the late 18th century and 19th century revolutionized English society. The Industrial Revolution was The re-organization of production is utilization of machinery to maximize efficiency. It was described by the automation from factories and creation of steam powered engines. Furthermore, the Industrial Revolution enable mass production of manufactured goods in factories. This means more goods to sell for the factory owners, and producing it would not cost as much because all the machines were automated and self-sufficient the only people the factory owners would need to pay are the overseers who manage the machine. Also, The industrial revolution increased efficiency of transportation for a long and short distances.
“Child labor and poverty are inevitably bound together and if you continue to use the labor of children as the treatment for the social disease of poverty, you will have both poverty and child labor to the end of time” (Grace Abbott). The issue of child labor has been around for centuries. Its standing in our world has been irrevocably stained in our history and unfortunately, our present. Many great minds have assessed this horrific issue and its effect on our homes, societies, and ultimately, our world.
Although the United States of America has progressed because of this revolution, it also affected many people in the most negative way possible. These three reasons have affected families’ ancestors for centuries, and America. While considering there were many helpful, positive effects to industrialization, sadly, in the end, the negative reasons out-weighs the positive. With that, while some might argue that Industrialization had primarily positive consequences for society because of the advancements in technology, it was actually a negative thing for society. Industrialization’s negative effects were little to no education, poor, horrible working conditions, and over polluting the air.
Child labor was another problem presented at this time. At the rate they were going back in 1900, 26% of boys between ten and fifteen were already working, and for girls it was 10% (Background Essay). Child labor was increasing as fast as the children working were dying. An example of this tragic scenario was Dennis McKee, a 15-year-old boy who was smothered to death by coal (Document B). This boy had a family, and that family had to deal with the loss of their son, all to the fault of an industry that thought to use young, able-bodied boys for their work was a fantastic idea.
At this time in history, there were “two million children under the age of sixteen” working to provide for their families, and some kids beginning labor at the tender ages of “six and seven years (in the cotton
Child labor was a great concern in the Industrial revolution but very few people did something to stop it. Women and Children were forced to work more than 10 hours a day with only forty minutes to have lunch. Elizabeth Bentley once said that they didn’t have any time to have breakfast or drink anything during the day. They worked standing up and if they didn’t do their work on time they were strapped (whipped). Children were treating like they were not important, like they didn’t deserve a better life.
The Industrial Revolution implemented numerous opportunities to all. Originally, these uprising of events took place in the late 1700s regarding the country of England. As time passed, the term of commercial enterprise, Industrialization, spread throughout different regions and countries. Eventually these matters promoted higher standards for living conditions, which enacted more efficient exploitations to be taken place in that period of time. Industrialization is the conversion of rural ways, to advanced technicalities in manufacturing and other productive economic activities. While some might argue that Industrialization had primarily negative consequences for society because of the neglect and poor conditions, it was actually a positive thing for society.
Children are very fragile for a certain time, and many during the revolution became deformed or worse. For example “C: you are considerably deformed in person as a consequence of this labor? B: Yes I am.” (Document 7). This shows that some children weren’t properly cared for in their job. They later made rules to better the working environment for men and women. Children also started working at a very young age. For instance,” C: What time did you begin work at the factory? B: When I was six years old.” (Document 7). Children started working as soon as they could. Most had to work to help support their family. They were even payed less than women. Some children had the same job as an adult, but they were paid much less. For instance, “C: Where