Selective mutism is an internalizing behavior problem that is challenging to assess and intervene. Selective mutism is characterized by the occurrence of speech in specific situations or with specific people. These individual have functional speech and the ability to comprehend language. Selective mutism is difficult to assess and implement effective interventions due to the environmental factors that influence behavior. There is an urgency to find effective intervention due to the fact that other behavior problems are likely to develop if left untreated and due to duration is dependent on the intervention outcomes.
As an ecologist with the Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority, I play a dual role of being the technical expert in the field and an advisor to management on conservation issues. Technical roles include ensuring maintenance of biodiversity through conservation of ecosystems, species and ecological processes. This involves planning management, research, monitoring and extension work within and outside protected areas. Undertaking problem orientated research, which will have an impact on wildlife conservation and policy; preparation of park plans; ensuring sustainable utilisation; monitoring and establishing databases and publishing of scientific articles. Conducting population surveys; Environmental Impact Assessments are part of the work I do.
Biotic factors affecting the distribution of species Chamaesipho brunnea and Lepsiella scobina The two species C.brunnea and L.scobina share a predator relationship, which, along with other biotic factors and their tolerance levels determines their distribution on the rocky shore. The C.brunnea has a fundamental niche of MTZ-HTZ, which means that it could hypothetically live anywhere in those zones if no predation and competition (mainly interspecific) were present. However, since predation and competition is present in the intertidal zone, the realised niche of the C.brunnea narrows down to the HTZ. This (the realised niche) is the zone that the C.brunnea can actually occupy due to relationships with other organisms, such as predation and
This of course would defeat the purpose of the reward and provide the opposite of the desired outcome. Destroying a child’s intrinsic desires discourages them not only from pursuing their current interests, but makes it difficult for them to find future interests and set personal goals. Discipline, when used incorrectly, can damage a child and yield the opposite of the desired outcome. Whether it is through too many limitations or overjustification, the child may be permanently and severely impacted by improper discipline. The psychological influence may cause the child to have low self esteem, lose interest in preferred activities, and even rebel by engaging in self destructive acts.
The ability to anticipate in such change will always be incomplete and far from perfect, so any management actions just are within a framework that is flexible and adaptive. Community based conservation programs also could be adopted on a larger scale. This programs will attempt to enhance the local user rights and stewardship to a very natural resources, and also allowing those nearest to natural resources, who already share in the costs of conservation such as wildlife depredation of crops to share in and get the benefits also. But such programs are not easy, and more effort needs to make this designing program affective. The payment for the ecosystem services that has been for some time which is been considered as an efficient and equitable way to achieve many outcomes related to the conservation and the provision of the ecosystem services.
In an era where many unfortunate events; such as climate change, loss of biodiversity, economic recession, massive immigration across regions, and civil war in many countries, are occurring, it is crucial that we find a way to stop or prevent further damages. It is inarguable that many of those unfortunate events are the results of our own actions. Therefore, it may be said that it is our duty (and probably karma) to find a way to co-exist not just with the world, but also among ourselves as individuals, communities, and states. And sustainable development might be just an answer for that. The term ‘sustainable development’ for many people may be understood as related to environmental matters only.
For example, it is vital for the healthcare professional to use the correct database system to obtain and transmit educational materials on how to handle the issue on hand. Accessing funding for program sustainment is also an essential part of the public health professionals’ role. Animal wellbeing, the air, water, and the environment are all areas of importance for the public health professionals. It is required to have more than just basic knowledge to handle and control any outbreaks, and most certainly controlling zoonotic outbreaks is not easy. Also, it is the goal of public health professionals to collaborate together and with other teams so that they can efficiently and safely provide the help needed by the
INTRODUCTION Organisms require the interaction with other biotic and abiotic factors for a harmonious existence in this nature and is crucial to its existence as well as the functioning of the whole ecosystem (Elton 1968).Depending upon the strength, duration, direction of their effects and mechanism of the interaction,these interactions can be further classified and it spans from species interacting only once in their lifetime (e.g. pollination) to those which completes their entire life in another (e.g. endosymbiosis). The interactions may be detrimental as consumption of the other as in the case of predation, herbivory, or cannibalism or may be advantageous to both as in mutualism. It is not mandatory that the effects of interactions are always direct.It can be also incidental through mediaries such as shared resources or common enemies.
Contribution of IUCN towards the Conservation: IUCN is also working for the conservation of green sea turtles. IUCN is promoting the use of Turtle Excluder Devices (TED). It is an equipment having bar grids which helps in escaping the turtle that is captured in any net. It is used in the fishing nets in order to minimize the accident catch of sea turtles and other large sea animals. IUCN also gives information and education about the conservation of green sea turtles and creates capacity building of local people and coastal resource managers to use TED so that the turtles may not be effected during fishing.
Organisms require the interaction with other biotic and abiotic factors for a harmonious existence in this nature and is crucial to its existence as well as the functioning of the whole ecosystem (Elton 1968).Depending upon the strength, duration, direction of their effects and mechanism of the interaction,these interactions can be further classified and it spans from species interacting only once in their lifetime (e.g. pollination) to those which completes their entire life in another (e.g. endosymbiosis). The interactions may be detrimental as consumption of the other as in the case of predation, herbivory, or cannibalism or may be advantageous to both as in mutualism. It is not mandatory that the effects of interactions are always direct.It can be also incidental through mediaries such as shared resources or common enemies.
Some subtle details that I observed in the field are that the north was more developed by humans while the south was more natural. I also saw a much denser canopy in the south and the trails there were rockier than the north. The denser canopy could suggest that the south would contain more shade tolerant species. This is supported by the larger number of Thuja plicata and Acer macrophyllum in the south. However, this can be refuted as well, since the north had a larger amount of Polystichum munitum and Tsuga heterophylla, both of which are also shade tolerant.
Being able to raise and observe different species of marine life in a tank is good to protect a variety of marine species. One can observe how they act toward each other and many other interesting behaviors. This paper will be describing three topics, Beginning with Saltwater fish, The Arc - eye Hawkfish (parachirrhites arcatus) and Filefish. Eye Hawkfish and Filefish are two types of marine fish. There are certain things to consider when keeping fish in salt water tanks, to understand and start with the basics, here is what needs to be done first to have a saltwater aquarium.
So, as people who can make a change for the world and start to conserve and preserve water, we can see a great future ahead of us. I believe that learning the science of marine biology will be a great benefit for my future. In Hawaii, there are many valuable resources that we need, including watersheds and saving the coral reefs. I want to be apart of PaCES, because I want to be educated and learn about the marine life. I want to make a change and explore what research can look