While morality and sympathy can be in a constant battle, ultimately the one that wins is what the person is more obligated to. Bennett presents Heinrich Himmler, Jonathan Edwards and Wilfred Owen in the article to show how sympathy does not always win over morality. Heinrich Himmler is the Nazi who came up with the “Final Solution” to murder mass amounts of people.
Prior to the Holocaust, labels were made on the Jewish legally. The German government ratified the Nuremberg Laws, a series of laws released gradually, increasing with labels and discrimination each time. The gradual ramping of labels and discrimination nullified the blow and made it noticeable only to those enforcing them and the Jews being discriminated against. The laws show the progression of labels into discrimination by first broadening the identification of Jews as those practicing Judaism to “anyone… descended from at least three grandparents who were fully Jewish” (NSDAP 2.5.1). The laws continued by taking away “full political rights in accordance with the provision of the law” (NSDAP 1.2.3).
Many of the accused got sentenced to life in prison or death. Stanley Milgram conducted an experiment to explain the correlation of the environmental aspects that make people do terrible things and how far people will go to harm others. Social pressures also play a big role in how people think. Minorities can have their ideas of what is right and what is wrong swept over by majorities which was displayed in Solomon Asch’s experiments. The most important thing to learn from the Nuremburg trials, Milgram’s experiment, and Asch’s experiment is that sometimes it is better to resist authority if it means following moral
The 20th century was a time of both success and sadness, triumph and tragedy, however, no event in European history has been quite as disheartening as the Nazi Holocaust, the darkest hour in European History. In less than a decade, The Nazi Party murdered well over 6,000,000 Jews. 6,000,000 mothers, children, fathers, even babies. This tragedy was justified on the grounds that the people of the Jewish population were subhuman, a burden to the Nazi regime. Similar to the Jewish population of Europe, the people of Salem in The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, were unfairly sentenced to death without any justifiable reasoning, other than suspicion and hatred.
Events formalize a perceptive framework in accordance with their context, reactions and opinions are shaped by this basis and vary in motives. Albert Speer was an intrinsic and functional part of the Nazi Regime, in his ascension to power spanning over a decade he served as Chief Architect and Minister Of Armaments. His most notable event was The Nuremberg trials in which Speer was convicted with “War Crimes” and “Crimes Against Humanity” to which he was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment. As an authoritative as well as artistic figure, it’s arguable whether those charges justify his direct or indirect decisions that lead to the participation in enforcing anti-semitic ideology in a broader context, regardless whether Speer was inclined to.
Numerous bystanders claimed to have no other options when faced with a moral dilemma, and in doing so, they gave the perpetrators permission to hurt others. Bystanders enable perpetrators to commit atrocities; therefore, they are just as guilty of the crimes that the Nazis committed during the Holocaust. Bystanders do not know how to stop following the perpetrators’
The goal of these trials was to punish and convict major war criminals fairly, in hopes of avoiding future wars. The execution of the trials lacked proper conduct and whether or not the trials were legal was debatable. Many criticized or praised the trials. Although some parts of the Nuremberg trials were illegal,
David’s claim that the Holocaust occurred because the Germans became unusually cruel is false based on the fundamental attribution error and Milgram’s experiments. The fundamental attribution error is the tendency to attribute other people’s behavior to internal factors, instead of accounting for situational factors. David committed this error when stating that Germans, as a whole, were “sadistic people with abnormal and twisted personalities”. David did not account for the immense pressure that the German public felt from Hitler during World War II. Although many atrocities were being committed, the Germans feared for their lives if they stood up for the Jews and disobeyed Hitler’s rule.
The Holocaust-related plays, movies and books that have been read and watched thus far in the semester have left us, the students, with more questions than answers. By depicting the events as accurately as these playwrights and filmmakers have, the reader/viewer is then able to understand, in detail, the horrific acts of torture that the victims had to endure. With an accurate picture of the events of the Holocaust in their mind, the reader/viewer then can start to question how can a human being can commit such horrific acts of cruelty upon their fellow man or how a divine entity can allow something so terrible happen to the people that believe in them the most; questions with virtually impossible answers. For instance, in Amen, the filmmaker focuses on the unwillingness of Pope Pius XII to speak out against Hitler and the Third Reich even though several reputable individuals made him aware of the extermination and the forced labor that the Jewish people had to experience.
The German workmen took a lively interest in this spectacle” (105) display that the common public were cruel because they ignored Jewish persecution and even mocked it in a sense. They were bystanders. This relates to the theme because it shows how inaction can be worse than beating; because the people did not help the Jews, they forced them to endure the Holocaust. This is truly
This soldier confronts Wiesenthal with the existential question of forgiveness; he asks for a Jew’s forgiveness after killing hundreds of innocent people. At the end of the memoir, Wiesenthal’s moral dilemma becomes open to other interpretations when he poses the question: “What would you have done?” Though many people have grappled with this question, one respondent, Jose Hobday, supports forgiving the Schutzstaffel (SS) officer and expresses her ideas with passion. She supports her claim by stating that forgiveness is essential for maintaining a productive society.
The Nuremberg Trials were held in Nuremberg, Germany between 1945 and 1949. The trials were held in Nuremberg because its Palace of Justice was undamaged by the end of the war. It was also used for its large prison area. The cause of these trials was the Holocaust, where many Jewish Germans were killed by the Nazis under the rule of a man named Adolf Hitler. The purpose of these trials were to bring Nazi War criminals to justice.
Today the Holocaust is one of the most studied historical events, yet it remains one of the most controversial and confusing topics in history. Following the revelations of the Nazi death camps at the end of World War Two (WWII) (1945), there began a focus on Hitler’s centrality in the Holocaust, which was fulfilling an apologetic function. To many Hitler embodied the violence and fanaticism of mythical anti-Semitism, while keeping the imperatives of modern bureaucratic functions. These ‘traditional views’ focus on anti-Semitism as the sole cause of the Holocaust and examine the irrational aspects of Nazi policy. More recent views show an overall policy of extermination while emphasizing the interaction between top Nazi officials and the
This article teaches others the importance and significance of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, founded by Rabbi Marvin Hier in 1977. When the Memorial was first established it was supported by 380,000 members. The Memorial played an important part in investigating into the Prosecution of Nazi Collaborators around the world and persuading other countries such as Canada, Australia and Great Britain to continue to investigate to search for escaped criminals, in order to go through prosecution for their actions that happened many years ago. To reach out to even more people, documentaries, interviews, books, publications and exhibits are also there for further interest, including the Oscar award winner for the best documentary, Genocide. The memorials
During the Holocaust many Nazi officials committed crimes and many were tried in the Nuremberg Trials. For example, “Dr. Ernst Kaltenbrunner was the head of the Reich Central Security Office, and was second in command of the ss, he was executed because of multiple accounts