Due to the U.S. worrying about the Soviets’ plans on spreading communism, they centered their foreign policy on the containment of communism, both home and abroad. By having this policy in control, the U.S. was determined that it would at least prevent communism from spreading in other parts of Asia since it already started a war in the
THE DOMINO THEORY: A NECESSITY OF CONTAINMENT, OR A TOOL OF CONTROL? Address Line 1 Address Line 2 Address Line 3 (optional) Name School and Class details Date of submission Abstract 1. Introduction The domino theory originated from the idea of “containment” that dominated American foreign policy throughout the Cold War period. In essence, the domino theory postulated that if a nation came under the influence of communism, or even fell under communist control, then the neighbouring nations would soon follow suit. The domino theory was rapidly incorporated into the Truman Doctrine, a policy which pledged US support to free nations fighting communism.
The Arduous Struggle Against Communism The Cold War was not the stereotypical war, instead, it involved many different strategies and approaches to try and resolve a conflict between two great powers. Although the United States and Soviets had fought together during World War II, they soon entered a time of pressure between the two, better known as the Cold War. The textbook explains the policy of containment as a way of fighting communism with the use of the military, military aid, and economic aid(Ayers,et al 819). The three presidents that were in office during the Cold War preferred using different aspects of the policy and each president’s mistakes helped influence the next president 's choices. Before the Cold War, Truman had been the one to make the final decision to use the first nuclear bomb and he saw the devastation it had brought with it.
Four centuries before St. Augustine, Cicero presented a clear theory on ethical wars. His ideologies were informed by his political experiences from the ranks of the Roman cursus honorum as a consul, senatorship and governorship. Cicero not only witnessed the transition of the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire, but he participated in various military actions as well, from civil wars to threats of invasion to international conquests (Haskell, 1946). In the book On the Commonwealth (de res publica), Cicero states that the conflict should first be addressed by diplomatic discussion, and that war should be the last resort. Honor and safety were also said to be the only two reasons for a war to be just, and that war itself is not honorable, and should be avoided.
Firstly the Korean War was a Cold War conflict was the manifestation of the Cold war through a proxy. This moved the rivalry of the superpowers , fighting from Europe to Asia, and became a direct conflict. Syngman Rhee (South Korea) under USA’s support, was a strategist who claimed to “produce a victorious end to the wars in Korea … would swing the balance of power so strongly against the Soviet Union that it would not dare risk war with the United States”. Kim Il Sung (North Korea) was emboldened by both China and USSR and said “the liberation of the Korean people in the south is next in line”. It would seem that North Korea had plans to unify Korea and USSR supported the unification.
Furthermore, we have tried to briefly show how it is possible to compare the two wars to each other without declaring that one is more total than the other, but rather using the concept of ‘total war’ to define similarities and differences between the two wars for historical background. Also, this essay has been attempting to bring in interpretations from the interwar period and after to indicate the way the term have varied trough the 20th century, this to show how the concept can be used quite widely. It is evident that the concept of ‘total war’ is a large one where different interpretations make it intricate to use as an analytic tool. The Conclusion would be that the concept of ‘total war’ is a wide and open term, which can if seen as nothing more than an ideal, be used to get an understanding of the history of the two wars, however, it also argues that the ideology of ‘total war’ can be widely different depending on the Historian using the term, that it may cause more confusion than presenting us with a helpful tool to comprehend the background of the two
For both the U.S. public and the Johnson administration, the heavy fighting in early 1968 brought with it a demand for reexamination of American policies. As historian Doris Kearns Goodwin has recorded, Johnson similarly insisted that his policies had not failed and that he had not been forced to begin American de-escalation after the Tet Offensive. The resulting pressures forced Lyndon B. Johnson to confront some of the hardest issues that any American president has ever faced. They led him, in the end, to choose the path of negotiation, de-escalation, and tentative disengagement as less dangerous to America’s domestic stability, economic health, and international stature than the highly uncertain path of more arms and troops. This proud politician, nearing the end of more than thirty years of public service, clung stubbornly to the illusion that he could still salvage an honorable settlement of the war that he knew would forever define his
The invasion of Kuwait is a main cause of the Gulf war because after Iraq invaded Kuwait other Arab powers such as Egypt and Saudi Arabia asked the United States and other western nations for help. After a month and a half of non stop attacks by the allied forces in the air, U.S. President George H.W. Bush declared a cease-fire which is a temporary treaty, but by that time, most Iraqi forces had surrendered. Another important cause of the Gulf war was nationalism. This was an important cause because nationalism is a sense of national consciousness exalting one nation above all others and this is exactly what Iraq wanted.
Grace Fullenkamp Ms. Yane AP Lang March 14, 2018 The Korean War The Korean War was not a conflict in which the United States needed to be involved as to its horrific outcome is testament. Yet, in the 1950s, the U.S. thought it was believed that the only way to stop the spread of communism was to fight back against the potential formation of communist governments. When war broke out in Korea, it became a place for the United States to make a statement against communism on a global front joining with South Korea to combat the communist North. In retrospect, however, the United States should not have entered the war. Not being a part of the war would have saved American lives and money, potentially eliminated PTSD in a generation on soldiers, and would have prevented the animosity that exist between the United States and North Korea that dominates the headlines today.
The United States of America failed in preventing the Communist takeover of Vietnam and had to reexamine its policy and initial involvement in the region. All around the world including UNO criticized the American involvement in the Vietnam War. Failure of US in this war was a big setback for the American hegemony. After that incident, USA never tried to use the forces in Southeast Asia. In case of North Korea also it is using diplomacy policy and trying to solve the issue with the help of dialogue because they are well aware that, military action may lead to Vietnam II.
As before we should be absorbing and preparing ourselves to not make the same mistakes that leaders before us has made. And the fact the book talks a lot about how the military has lost so many times due to strategic planning that has led to defeat. Seeing this now allows future leaders to know how to lead and to not cause casualties’ when it could possibly be prevented. In the book we Linn tells us how American leaders in the military assumed and therefore ended up in the wrong warfare. For example, Linn stated that: “During the Cold War, when many Americans believed they faced nuclear annihilation or communist dictatorship, the dangers posed a century earlier seemed insubstantial” (Linn, 2007).
The attack comes without warning and President Harry Truman, with the help of the United Nations, vows to defend democratic South Korea. The Containment Policy stated that the US would support any nation that are being oppressed by communism and cannot protect themselves from it. This became America’s major reason to intervene in the Korean War. However, the policy of containment came under attack due casualties and economic issues that the policy created. One of the major effects that over extended the powers of American foreign policy is that it gave the US a reason to interfere with any war they wanted as long as it involved communism.
Though I agree with what the act it trying to accomplish because Congress in trying to stay in control of the power to declare war and limit the President’s power to declare war. I honestly feel that power is too much power for one person such as the President to control. I would hope in the future that Congress passes a more effective War Powers Act that the President will have to follow. One of the Presidents that has violated the War Powers Act was President Bill Clinton when he got our military involved in Kosovo. President Clinton didn’t receive Congress’s approval to get involved in the conflict in Kosovo, in fact they voted against it several times.
On August 2nd, 1964, three North Vietnamese Navy Cruisers were “unprovoked”, and fired on the USS Maddox while it was on a “standard patrol” in the Bay of Tonkin.  President Lyndon B Johnson proclaimed this event in a speech that provoked the first attack, ordered by him before war was declared on Vietnam. However, that event was most likely a fake created to increase action in North Vietnam.  Does the United States Constitution protect the United States from tyranny of the president over the people’s peace like that? The United States Constitution was written to give strength to the failed Articles of Confederation, and to protect the citizens from tyranny.
This war started when North Korea crossed over the 38th Parallel Line wanting to make North and South Korea one communist country (654). The war went to North Korea’s odds of winning being higher to South Korea’s of winning being higher (655). In the end, the war landed in a stalemate at the 38th Parallel Line and neither side would budge (655). Eisenhower ended the Korean War by using the threat of atomic weapon use to get a peace treaty signed in 1953 and Korea stayed divided (656). Eisenhower ended the war that would not admit that it was already