The human nature can be a vile, corrupt, and heinous object that will do anything to benefit itself and put down others. This is the bleak reality of the human nature. LoTF, written by William Golding, and Kite Runner, written by Khaled Hosseini are two books that follow the tragic stories of young boys who lost and sacrificed everything when they succumbed to their evil desires. Lord of the Flies and Kite runner both shed light on human nature by showing the inherent evil that can be evoked, how it can lead to the loss of childhood innocence, and the sacrifices we are willing to make.
Man is Inherently Evil In Lord of the Flies, a novel by William Golding, there are several themes expressed through the boys from the beginning to the end. The main theme conveys that man is inherently evil. This can be understood from most aspects of the book. Golding conveys that man is inherently evil through the boys need to undermine each other and the loss of morality in their decent to chaos.
In the novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding, is about a crash landing on an island that left a group of boys stranded far from civilization. The only thought on their mind was to be rescued. This group of boys faced many obstacles during this wild experience. Without laws and order on this isolated island, society will regress to savagery. The island symbolizes the world in the novel.
Throughout the novel of Lord of the Flies, William Golding provides a profound insight into human nature. Golding builds on a message that all human beings have natural evil inside them. To emphasize, the innate evil is revealed when there’s lack of civilization. The boys are constantly faced with numerous fears and eventually break up into two different groups. Although the boys believe the beast lives in the jungle, Golding makes it clear that it lurks in their hearts.
The novel, Lord of the Flies, was sparked after the profound consequences that World War II had on Golding’s view of humanity. After the victory of Britain against Germany’s Nazis, the notion of British people being innately good was created. However, Golding did not only see the surface of the victory but also the underlying evil present in the actions Britain made to be liberated from the Nazi invasion. In particular, the mass murders of innocent civilians, and propaganda manipulation done by the British was not so civilized in comparison to the Nazis either. As a result, Golding’s sole purpose to writing this novel was to demolish this misconception of Britain and humanity. Through its contrasting characters, Golding’s Lord of the Flies signifies the different behaviours of mankind, which civilization is either lost and turned to savagery, or remains steadfast under extreme circumstances. Simon illustrates the pure and good-hearted individuals of mankind. Jack symbolizes the innate savagery of our society. Ralph personifies the grey area between civilization and savagery.
In Lord of the Flies, Golding explores the idea that human nature, when left without the regulations of society, will become barbaric. As one of the prevailing themes in his work, the dark side of human nature is represented through the novel, not only in symbols and motifs, but in his characters as well. The dark side of human nature is an integral part of the novel 'Lord of the Flies.' William Golding, a British novelist employs symbols, motifs and characters to create the idea that human nature, without civilisation will become barbaric.
Throughout the novel, Ralph demonstrates excellent leadership skills such as being realistic. He is realistic with his need to build the shelters while the other boys are off swimming because he knows that the boys require shelter. Ralph frequently tells the boys that they need to build shelters incase a storm comes or if the beastie attacks them. Ralph tells Jack, “‘If it rains like when we dropped in we’ll need shelters all right. And then another thing. We need shelters because of the-’” (Golding 52) This quote shows that although Ralph could be off bathing, eating, or playing like the rest of the boys, he remains realistic with his need to build the shelters. Ralph knows that if he gets distracted like the rest of the boys, there is no hope
Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a controversial novel written in 1954, right in the middle of The Cold War. The novel is about a group of British schoolboys, who, during World War two were put on a plane to evacuate from somewhere in Britain. The plane crashes on a deserted island, leaving the boys stranded. As the novel progresses, the dark underlining of the story becomes more and more apparent, as does Golding’s view of human nature. His view on human nature is pessimistic and cynical. All humans are born with a dark, savage side that society and civilization pushed down, and the only way to resist this evil side is to confront yourself.
Ralph, one of the most important characters in the novel serves as the human ego, a subconscious mind that works by reason and common sense. However, even the conscious and reasonable mind can vanish in a society with no structure and civilization. At the beginning of the novel, Ralph asserts “… We can help them to find us… a ship comes near the island they may not notice us…we must make smoke on top of the mountain…” (38). Ralph focuses on the important and common sense actions that need to be taken in order to survive and get rescued. Even so, Ralph is being diminished by the savagery committed by Jack and his hunters, the quotes “He tried to remember…we want smoke…There was silence…’Course we have…the smoke’s a signal…I knew that…I knew
This shows the human nature of children and men when they are away from society and order for a long time. If they do not get what they want, then they will drive themselves crazy trying to fight and in turn, become savages, who are focused on killing and hunting. They are blinded by their anger and illusions that they forget about the real point, which is trying to escape from the island and their new goal is to kill each other off so they alone can be the chief of the island, but eventually all the boys will have to end up dying from natural causes or battles if they are not saved by a ship. Their morals are ruined and this leads to further chaos on the island. Once the chaos starts to happen on the island, Ralph also starts to rethink his idea of being chief.
Thus, he wove it in as a theme in his book. In ‘Lord of the Flies’, William Golding discusses the nature of man in order to reveal that human nature is essentially evil by using indirect characterization and personification. William Golding uses indirect characterization to show that human nature is corrupt because humans naturally revert to a state of violence and evil. In ‘Lord of the Flies’, he says, “Ralph...was fighting to get near [to the pig].... The desire to squeeze and hurt was over-mastering”
Throughout life, people often lose track of what is really meaningful and important. In Lord of The Flies by William Golding, this element of human nature is portrayed through the children’s failure to complete necessary tasks due to their inclination on the island. It is simply human nature to fulfill desires before priorities.
The island represents civilization. The boys have created their own society and grounding point using this island. Their civilization is based off of what exactly the island has to offer; which is not much at all. The boys struggle keeping up their civilization when main characters, Ralph and Jack, Start disagreeing later on in the novel. It soon comes down and they lose their means of civilization.
“Declare your jihad on thirteen enemies you cannot see- egoism, arrogance, conceit, selfishness, greed, lust, intolerance, anger, lying, cheating, gossiping, and slandering. If you can master and destroy them, then you will be ready to fight the enemy you can see.” - Al-Ghazali.