Another larger example is the use of propaganda. Characters in the movie were frightened by a non-existent threat known as the Red Menace. The red menace refers to the idea of communism and a non-existent threat of soviet spies. In the movie, Hedda Hopper had great influence over the media, and she could spread propaganda against the Hollywood 10 in this way. This threw Hollywood and the country into a state
McCarthyism resulted in Americans turning against each other because of politicians greed for power, paranoia, and the fear of communist infiltration. Clearly, Senator McCarthy’s greed for political power led to American citizens’ unrest. In Arthur Miller’s “The Crucible”, John Proctor dealt with the corruption of power in his town when Abigail Williams and many other girls accused those, who were innocent, of witchcraft. Similarly, americans were being blacklisted by McCarthy because they believed these people may have
For example, others feel that McCarthyism created a safer America and protected it from Communism. However, it is clear that this is not true. In fact, Roberts states that “McCarthy never publicly revealed any list of alleged Communists.” which may mean that he never had a list at all (2). Another reason that others have a different view is because they believe McCarthy did what he did for the wellbeing of the American people.
When people are placed under an intense feeling of fear, they begin to commit actions they never thought they were capable over. In The Crucible by Arthur Miller, a young group of girls commit witchcraft which eventually leads to the arrest of over 100 women. This is similar to a time in the 1950s when Joseph McCarthy accuses government officials of communism and that ultimately leads to hundreds of citizens losing their jobs. The Crucible reveals the similarities between The Salem Witch Trials of the 1690s and McCarthyism of the 1950s because it demonstrates how a society can be tremendously impacted by the feeling the fear.
Then when the Japanese were forced from their homes, lots of the white people stole their household items and other pieces of property. The also destroyed their homes and sold their businesses. "The excluded Japanese suffered enormous damages and losses, both material and intangible. The loss of farms, businesses, and homes, disruption of careers and professional lives and long-term loss of income, earnings and opportunity is in-calculable. In 1983 dollars, the loss was determined to fall between $810 million and $2 billion dollars.
A History of Misgiven Information Genocides are the mass killings of a group of people, and sometimes even an entire race. The Holocaust is one of the largest genocides that the world has ever seen. Because society is not educated on these horrific events, genocides continue to take place. Society has moved forward in so many forms of communication that there are numerous ways to convey the message of remembering a genocide.
People were terrified of communism spreading to the United States, so when accusations started floating around everyone would believe them. McCarthy accused people of communist behavior, although many were falsely accused, no one knew better than to think they were guilty because of how scared they were of communism spreading. This resembles how certain characters were accused of witchcraft in The Crucible. The Red Scare caused nationwide hysteria just how the Salem Witch Trials caused hysteria to the people of Salem.
The Cold War was a period characterised by the pervasive ideological conflict between communism and capitalism and the global uncertainty this produced. It stemmed from the horror of WWII, in particular the Holocaust as well as the devastation of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the wake of the atomic bomb. The sheer scale and inhumanity of these atrocities spurred a global shift in thinking, forcing people to reevaluate their understanding of a world in which such horrors could readily occur. For many this in turn led to a sense of moral confusion and universal meaninglessness, exemplified in the resurgence of philosophies like existentialism, nihilism and absurdism. In other words, metanarratives like religion and science had been unable to prevent the horrors of WWII, or create a better society afterwards, and these philosophies appealed to the sense of failure and confusion that this induced, justifying the chaos by declaring it meaningless.
Sparked by an increase in communist sympathies during the Great Depression due to upset over the failure of the democratic system to assist its people in difficult times, American fear of communism reached its high point during the 1940s and 1950s. Fear of communist subversion, often called the Red Scare, reached all areas of society and resulted in paranoia throughout the United States, exemplified through both actions and events. The McCarthy hearings, led by Senator Joseph McCarthy, capitalized on the overwhelming hysteria encapsulating the United States when McCarthy claimed he had the names of communists in the government. Built on a series of lies and exaggerations, McCarthy proceeded to interrogate innocent government officials and
In the 1940 's and 1950 's, an anti-Communist movement swept the United States of America. Fueled by the anti-Communist actions of Congress, particularly a Senator from Wisconsin by the name of Joseph McCarthy, the movement escalated and many people lost their jobs as a result of various blacklists. Congressional hearings, both in front of HUAC and McCarthy Senate committee were a study in organized persecution. The actions taken during the "Red Scare" were eventually given the general name McCarthyism. McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence.
McCarthyism turned Americans against each other after WWII by claiming that Communists had infiltrated many areas of American life and government. In fact, “According to a local newspaper McCarthy dropped a bombshell: ‘The State Department is infested with Communists,” (para 3). In other words, this is the beginning of McCarthy turning Americans against each other. Paranoia started to spread through America which all this strongly affected Americans everyday life. McCarthyism was a result of American fear of communism in the 1950s.
his skepticism towards McCarthy. He saw through McCarthy’s tactics and knew he was an opportunist using this petty form of bullying for his own social gains. Around 1950, McCarthy had formed accusations against policy makers and clerks, maintaining that there had to be traitors in the administration. Murrow responded to these accusations by saying that while it might have been a possibility that there were in fact Communists in Washington, those individuals were protected by the Bill of Rights. More importantly, he pointed out that McCarthy’s accusations were unfounded and held no signs of proof (Edwards 102).
Librarians would pull classics such as Robin Hood, The Grapes of Wrath, and Civil Disobedience off the shelves, fearing they would be considered too leftist (Wall). Nebraska state legislators passed a law that required schools to inspect textbooks for “foreign ideas”, and also required them to devote hours of school time for the performance of patriotic songs. Everyone in America felt the Red Scare hanging above them, as McCarthy scholar Ellen Schrecker articulates, saying, “The taint of communism was like a contagious disease. Almost every survivor of the McCarthy years-Communist and political innocent alike-has a story of someone crossing the street to avoid eye contact” (Hillstrom 69-70). McCarthy’s political fall from grace came when he went after the U.S. Army, who went on the offensive against him, charging him with corruption.
Over the years, in historians’ quest to stay “neutral,” this glossing over has become normalized and resulted in society seeing this writing as “impartial,” when it actually gives us an incredibly slanted and incomplete view of history. As a result, Zinn’s recognition of his personal biases when analyzing history and telling it from the side of the victims instead of the victors is very important. Through Zinn, we see a side of history that is not usually shown, that is hidden and practically ignored because it makes some uncomfortable. Zinn’s personal experiences also make the events more
With all of the events that took place during this time, they all added up to cause a scare in America at the time. I believe that McCarthy was the main cause of the Red Scare because of his accusations of many American people. McCarthy accused American citizens as well as the United States government while HUAC only accused Hollywood