Correctional Health Care United States ranks the highest when it comes to the incarceration rate of its own citizens. The prevailing population of federal and state prisoners stands at more than 2.4 million or around 1 adult male to every 100. If you believe in a lesser sentencing for non-violent offenders, or support the idea of casting aside the key on every prisoner, we all can recognize that the bottom line of incarcerating prisoners is mind boggling. As it stands, the current cost of confinement per prisoner is approximately around $32,000 a year, this amount is also determined by the location, as well the prison being a state or federal facility. It is the responsibility of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care (NCCHC)
In eleven states, at least 1 in 20 black adults are in prison. Research shows that prosecutors are twice as likely to pursue a mandatory minimum sentence for black people as for white people charged with the same crime. One in nine black children and one in 38 Latino children have an incarcerated parent, compared to one in 57 white children.
In 2014 there were 215,000 people incarcerated in federal prisons, almost half were there for drug-related offenses with the enactment of mandatory minimum sentencing laws for drug offenses in the 1980s, increasing the population by more than 800 percent (Malcolm, 2014.) “Moreover, drug offenders make up the single largest category of incarcerated offenders in Tennessee, serving an average sentence of 9.7 years” (Malcolm, 2014, paragraph 21.) By limit sentencing, we can address the issues of high cost, by using probation and parole for more misdemeanor
The school has had to make budget cuts but thankfully has kept the band program. This is one example of an extremely fortunate school, but unfortunately this isn 't the reality of it for every school. Many schools in the Chicago area have had to cut their music and arts programs. They laid off over 1,000 teachers and 10 percent of them being art or music teachers.
First, the authors found the total number of prisoners in the New York City jail. They determined that, despite having 80,000 people admitted yearly, there were roughly 12,000 inmates on any given day, due to incredibly short sentences. Next, they studied the amount of self-harm from the dates of January 1st of 2010 to October 31st of 2012, but had a different deadline for the inmates arriving after July of 2012. Their end date was pushed to January 1st of 2013. The authors express the term “self-harm” as “an act performed by individuals on themselves with the potential to result in physical injury, and potentially fatal self-harm as an act with a high probability of causing significant disability or death, regardless of whether death actually
51% of all prisoners released are returned to the prison system and nearly 30% are returned within the first six months of their release (Pinard, 2006). Roughly two-thirds of all prisoners are rearrested within three years (Pinard, 2006). The high rates of incarceration and recidivism have reinvigorated debate about the purpose of the prison. The time is ripe to debate prison reform. "America 's penal system needs a top-to-bottom overhaul - and a movement of people ready to do something about it is taking shape nicely" (McCarthy,
Today, it costs about $20,000 per year to confine just one physically fit and capable offender, and about three times that cost for an older prisoner in a penitentiary (“Reasons” 1). Considering that California is just one of the fifty states that is required to uphold this law, how much money is really being siphoned annually just to keep so many offenders in jail? The state court systems costs are also rising due to the abundance of felony cases being persecuted. Since the prisons are being over populated, new prisons are being build, funneling more money into the equation. There is an obvious chain reaction that can be seen when taking a step back and observing the bigger picture.
The Untied States has the highest rated of adult incarceration about 2.2 million in jail or in prison. About half of those inmates are mentally ill; the cause of this problem may me a result of deinstitutionalization of the state 's mental health system. In other words, the state has put the mentally ill humans in a correctional facility as they were in an asylum and the prisons holds more mentally ill humans than a state hospital nationwide. These offenders are mistreated inside of jails and prison, believes it or not it has been proven. Most of these individual have different illness, which consist of psychotic illness, depression, personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, organic disorders and
The American Psychiatric Association estimated in 2000 that one in five prisoners were seriously mentally ill, with up to 5 percent actively psychotic at any given moment. In 1999, the statistical arm of the Justice Department estimated that 16 percent of state and federal prisoners and inmates in jails were suffering from mental illness. These illnesses included schizophrenia, manic depression (or bipolar disorder) and major depression.
Have you ever wondered how many people actually get arrested in a year? According to the U.S Department of Justice, a staggering estimate of over 14 million people were arrested in 2005. Of those 14 million people that were arrested, about 1.53 million of them were sentenced to a jail term. That same year a study was done on 404,638 newly released prisoners in 30 states. The study showed that within three years, about 67.8 percent of released prisoners were rearrested and within five years about three-quarters of them were arrested.
Mental health in a correctional setting The numbers of people with mental illnesses are rising at a high rate within jails and prisons. The United States has the highest per capita rate of people incarcerated in the world. Statistically people who have some sort of mental illness have a greater risk of being incarcerated than those without. Why is this?
In accordance to the National Comorbidity Study negative risk factors that aide towards mental illness are low income, little education, and no occupation. Given these risks an individual is almost three times more likely to have a psychiatric disorder. Socioeconomic status regarding race, gender all play a prominent role. There are disparities that exist for released mental health inmates especially for minorities, they experience a great disadvantage of finding employment due to a criminal record and mental health status. To add mental health former inmates strive to survive however, given two weeks of medication, faced with poverty, and no other available resources as a consequence re-enter the prison system.
http://www.newstatesman.com/society/2010/12/disabled-children-british http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/exhibits/quest/treatment/1930-1950.asp https://attitudes2disability.wordpress.com/category/uncategorized/historical-outline/ Grabber: Beaten, taken advantage of, embarrassed, made shameful. All the ways that the mentally disabled were treated in the early 20th-century. Blurb:
I completed my community service at Spindletop Crisis Stabilization Unit (CSU). Spindletop CSU is a nonprofit organization that is a community mental health, intellectual, developmental disabilities, and chemical dependency center here in Southeast Texas. The purpose of this community center is to provide services to people with mental disabilities to allow them to live and work in the community. The CSU provides a variety of behavioral healthcare services.