Metaphysics is the study of the most general characteristics of reality and existence. Metaphysics asks the question, “How are the mind and the body related”. Metaphysics can also help explain the mind-body problem. The mind-body problems asks the question, “Are the mind and body separate elements or the elements from the same substance?”. By using these definition of metaphysics it can help explain if Schwartz is a combination of two people of if “it” is a new person. When I explained what had happened to me they were shocked and had very different opinions on what had happened to my mind and body. I knew not to expect them to agree with each other but knew they both would have a valid argument to help me understand if I was a new person …show more content…
Descartes did not explain how the mind and body interact with each other. One point brought up by Descartes was the material body and an immaterial mind. When I asked how the mind and body interact in this situation he just said, “they are united”. I felt that Descartes did not make a strong enough argument to help clarify this point to me. Ryle’s was able to persuade me in his direction after presenting his argument. Ryle’s gave me a valid reason on why Descartes was incorrect but did not explain why Descates “I think” was wrong. Although both of their premises are true Descartes conclusion is false. Ryle’s says, “the phrase 'there occurs mental processes' does not mean the same sort of thing as 'there occur physical processes', and, therefore, that it makes no sense to conjoin or disjoin the two." This explains that the cause of body movement is both physical and mental and therefore can’t be conjoined. I also agreed with Ryle’s on dualism being a category mistake. Ryle’s supports this by explaining that it is a misuse of everyday language. Descartes was unable to defend himself against Ryle’s arguments and therefore was not as persuading to me. Overall, Ryle’s was able to get me a valid answer that can be supported with his …show more content…
This can best be explained by Descartes belief of the mind being separate from the body. This can explain how the doctors were able to take my brain and put in on my friend’s body. Although Ryle’s was able to disprove this it still is an interesting premise. Ryle’s did have a strong argument on how our behaviors are unique to each person, and how the mind and body are harnessed together. Bodily movements can be both physical and mental and therefore explains why our mind needs a body vessel to be housed in. After my accident my mind will be housed in a new body but will still have the same bodily movements. Descartes explained how this is possible since the mind can exist without the body. I decided that the mind can exist without the “correct” body but overall the mind needs a body. A mind has a behavior function of that and if a person can’t move their body, cry or have bodily functions then how can they comprehend human life. A mind is nothing without a body and vice versa. Although I was fortunate to be able to keep my mind it will be an adjustment to have this new body. Ryle’s explained to me how mind can still function even if my body has died. This has helped me feel more confident that after my accident that I will be able to live a “normal” life. I have concluded that my situation is unique and I can use my experience to help further philosophical ideas. As the first person to have a mind
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CHIDIEBUBE OPARA PHIL 1301 PROF BROWN July 10, 2017 PRINCESS ELISABETH First, in my essay about what Princess Elisabeth was asking Descartes to clarify was about the meditation. This meditation was to give an expression of how the mind and the body interact to one another. Next, In Descartes response to Princess Elisabeth, he claims that the mind and the body are the two different important substances in our human beings.
Therefore, Descartes argues that the mind and the body must be two logically distinct
Historical Conceptions of an Enduring Issue This paper examines the views and philosophies of multiple significant contributors to the mind and body scholarly discussion. In addition, this paper discusses the antecedents of the schools of thought in modern psychology while also focusing on the mind-body relationship and correlation to introspection. This paper also asserts that mind and body belong to one being, which assists in interpreting environment and situations, enabling and verbalizing internal emotions and thoughts. The historical contributions will be examined for multiple themes that serve as the theoretical foundation, such as the mind-body relationship, introspection, and structuralism.
In his philosophical thesis, of the ‘Mind-Body dualism’ Rene Descartes argues that the mind and the body are really distinct, one of the most deepest and long lasting legacies. Perhaps the strongest argument that Descartes gives for his claim is that the non extended thinking thing like the Mind cannot exist without the extended non thinking thing like the Body. Since they both are substances, and are completely different from each other. This paper will present his thesis in detail and also how his claim is critiqued by two of his successors concluding with a personal stand.
Various philosophers and scientists have inquired about the mind and body issue for a long time. The mind-body philosophies try to explain the way a person’s mental state and processes are linked to the physical state. The core of the mind and body is that individuals have a biased experience of an inner life that appears detached from the physical world. Although they are separated, they need to work together in some way. Individuals may appear to have physical properties and mental properties.
In the sixth meditation, Descartes postulates that there exists a fundamental difference in the natures of both mind and body which necessitates that they be considered as separate and distinct entities, rather than one stemming from the other or vice versa. This essay will endeavour to provide a critical objection to Descartes’ conception of the nature of mind and body and will then further commit to elucidating a suitably Cartesian-esque response to the same objection. (Descartes,1641) In the sixth meditation Descartes approaches this point of dualism between mind and matter, which would become a famous axiom in his body of philosophical work, in numerous ways. To wit Descartes postulates that he has clear and distinct perceptions of both
The theory of dualism and materialism will be presented and further analysed. The former believes that the human mind is something nonphysical, and a human being is composed of two different sorts of components, which is a physical body and a nonphysical mind (Descartes, 2013); the latter refers to the view that a human mind is composed of the physical body (or its physical states) only (Papineau, 2002). This essay supports the dualism theory, that the human mind is something nonphysical. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Hume (1738) aptly challenged Descartes in claiming that it is impossible to conceive of a disembodied mind. He argues that for an idea to be legitimate it must be traceable back to sense impressions that have been acquired through experience (The Copy Principle). However, it is not possible to gain an impression of the mind, so it is not possible to have a legitimate idea of the self. We cannot gain an impression from our outer senses, since the mind is non-physical; or through introspection, since I can only introspect a given impression, not the thing that possesses it. While I am introspectively aware of e.g. feelings of anger, I am never aware of the self (the mind, the thinking thing) that contains the anger.
The philosopher Descartes speaks on the entities dear to any person, the mind and body. In the Meditations, speaks about the dualism of the mind and body and their properties. Descartes believes with the will of God something as the body and mind that are joined together have the possibility of existing separately. As stated by Descartes, “I have a clear and distinct idea of myself, in so far as I am simply a thinking, non-extended thing; and on the other hand, I have a distinct idea of body, in so far as this is simply an extended, non-thinking thing.” He follows this statement up with “And accordingly, it is certain that I am really distinct from my body and can exist without it.
One of the most famous sentence of Descartes :“I think therefore I exist.” shows that if I doubt my existence, I must exist, or I would not be wonder (15). For the bodies, he claims that with the help of the mind, the bodies will be known indirectly. (16) Moreover, he affirms that “bodies and brains could no more be conscious than tables or chairs or houses, or any other hunk
I will explore this question by looking at how this question has developed into two key schools of thought: Dualism and Monism. Dualism states that the mind is not physical and exists separately while Monism states that the mind and body are not separate. There are arguments for both theories and these dichotomous ideas have brought to light the mind-body problem, which I will analyse below. There are sub-forms of both schools of thought and one of the key sub-schools of thought under Dualism which I will discuss is Interactionism; that the mind and body are separate but both influence each other The Mind-Body Debate Rene Decartes believed that the mind
“I think, therefore I am” he thought as long as you were thinking thoughts you were a begin thing. Descartes belief of dualism goes side by side with the matrix, when I think of the mind and the body being two separate things I think of neo in the chair with the plug in the back of his head, his body is in the ship but his mind is in the computer
Instead, other people can still perceive the body and interact with it, despite not being possessed by a mind. As humans near the possibility of developing technologies that can manipulate how the mind and body interact with the physical world, discussions intensify on whether such a feat is plausible or not. So, the final question is: can the body live without the mind? The conclusion that has been reached here says yes. Through an ideal set of physics, physicalism can be reliable enough to prove that the body is a material substance.