Since humans have the ability to think of a being more perfect then themselves, then this being must have planted the idea in our mind. With the knowledge now that God is existing, perfect and is a non-deceiver – due to him being all-good –, Descartes can now move on to explain why material objects
This is the view that the main the truth is the perfect world. A notable example of this view was Plato, a scholar in old Greece (428-347 B.C.). Plato trusted that the physical world around us isn 't genuine; it is always showing signs of change and in this way you can never say what it truly is. There is a universe of thoughts which is a universe of perpetual and outright truth. This is reality for Plato.
He argues that the body and soul are two elements that have the same underlying substance. He maintains that a person’s soul is the same as his nature of body; however, he argues that the mind differed from other parts of the body as it lacked a physical feature. In this case, he maintains that the intellect lacks a physical form, and this allows it to receive every form. It allows a person to think about anything, including the material object. In this case, he argues that if the intellect were in a material form, it could be sensitive to only some physical objects.
Semi-compatibilism allows us to confidently attribute moral responsibility even if we are unsure about determinism. This sets Fischer aside from most philosophers of his time because they were all very interested in how free will and determinism are related (compatible) while Fischer glosses over the aspect of free will and states that moral responsibility and determinism are compatible regardless. Guidance control is comprised of two elements, the first being that one has to be a morally responsible agent whose actions must be the agents own, and secondly the crucial capacities used by a morally responsible agent are capacities for recognizing and responding to reasons for
He was trying to show that Antigone’s (thesis) and Creon’s (antithesis) principles were partially true, so that he could prove that their sufferings were necessary in order to establish harmony (synthesis), and for his dialectical thinking to triumph. Every period and culture gives the individual the right to act morally. Antigone, as self-consciousness, was formed within the Hellenistic culture, and expressed the Absolute Spirit, i.e. true freedom and universal humanity. According to Hegel, an individual can be free/self-conscious only in a community that is free/self-conscious because the "Spirit occurs as the result of the mediated experience of the community" (Fiala, 2002: 156).
Unfortunately, appealing to spatial relations is less helpful when the problem involves an extended body and an unextended mind. Kim introduces a new example: there is one mind and two indistinguishable material bodies, P1 and P2, with the mind having causal impact solely on P1. According to him, if P1 and P2 are inherently indiscernible, then they have identical causal powers. Consequently, discriminating P1 from P2 requires knowledge of the spatial relations that each bears to objects around them. The mind has no spatial location and, unlike a gun, cannot be closer to nor appropriately situated in relation to either P1 or P2.
He discovers truths that everyone can find in itself; I 'âme may, in fact, recollection of what she saw or looked elsewhere: it preserves reminiscences knowledge acquired before birth. Therefore learn is recollecting. The reminiscence of theory occupies an important place in the "system" Platonist, at least if one considers his work synthetically and in order to reach a positive doctrine. There would be the a priori in every act of knowledge and soul would not be a tabula rasa in which sense knowledge is printed. The sensory experience would have only used for search of scientific and philosophical knowledge, because knowledge is already within us: we can not find outside itself, but in itself.
In “The Allegory of the Cave”, Plato concludes that the ultimate definition of “the Good” is the effort to pursue knowledge and the insight which knowledge can provide the blinded mind. In this paper, I will further analyze his definition of “the Good” and my personal views on this definition given by Plato. Through the metaphor of the cave, this definition of “the Good” covers how experiences give knowledge, how knowledge broadens perspective, and how knowledge gives a more moderate perspective which leads to good actions. I believe that through this process knowledge leads people to “the Good” for they must be able to recognize their behaviors before they can accurately judge their actions. I will provide clear examples of each of these points
To Hume ideas are thoughts that come from purely from the mind alone with no logical explanation for where the idea originated, it is only from deductive reasoning. (BOOK) As he wrote "Our idea of necessity and causation arises entirely from the uniformity observable in nature, where similar objects are constantly conjoined together and the mind is determined by custom, to infer the one from the appearance of the other.” (Enquiry) Therefore, one cannot explain the cause of an event from an idea because they can be derived and idea from anything, hence making anything cause