“The accumulation of all powers..in the same hands, whether of one or many (is) the very definition of tyranny.” (James Madison, Federalist Paper #47, 1788) ( Background Essay) This quote explains the reasoning for one of the framers, (B) Separation of Powers. The framers of the constitution were created to prevent tyranny and create a stronger government that would hold the nation together. Tyranny ultimately means harsh, absolute power in the hands of one individual-- like a king or dictator. The constitution guarded against tyranny in 4 ways: (A)Federalism, (B)Separation of Powers, (C)Checks & Balances, and (D)Small State-Large State. First of all, Federalism in the constitution helps guard against tyranny.“The different governments will
This has produced measurable consequences like a disproportionate flow of federal funds and resources to under populated states. By allocating an equal number of votes between small and large states, the Constitution has allowed for an undemocratic distribution of resources. Moreover, because of the loose constraints placed on the presidential veto, some ague that an era of ‘imperial presidency’ is looming over us. Though this view is a bit extreme, it does stress the likely dangers that might arise if the president goes unchecked and is allowed to consolidate legislative and executive power into one branch. In practice, the use of checks and balances in legislation has diminished, and it might just be the case that the founders’ system of checks and balance is on the brink of
Or maybe it’s not that the government is incompetent, it’s just that they are extremely corrupt and care for the anyones well being but their own. After all, they are obviously putting forth the rights given to us in the constitution and disregarding those rights. So not only does the government deny us our natural rights but also shows signs of corruption. And in the declaration of independence, it says “That whenever any form of government becomes destructive to these end, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation down on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.” So when I see the government showing signs of corruption, I look to this quote and think about the fact that we have the right to revolt and alter or abolish it. And then it remind me of the fact that the reason why the colonists revolted was because the government denied us of our rights, and the fact that it was becoming corrupt.
In this quote Madison use abundant image to exclaim the importance of liberty within a faction but it is impossible to perform because liberty is vital to political life. The second way was to give everyone the same interests, passions and similar opinions. Madison’s take on controlling the Factionalism in America was to Remove the causes and Control the effects. His ultimate solution came in the form of Federalism by dividing the government and keeping the factions at the most local of levels. Madison states that "The second expedient is as impracticable as the first would be unwise.".
In fact, federalists and anti-federalists stood on a totally different ground. Actually, the opposition initially raised from the part of anti-federalists who argued that they could not ratify the Constitution which provided the national government and legislative organs with too much power and decreased the role of local communities. To put it more precisely, they argued that the Constitution gave too much power to the national government at the expanse of the state governments to the extent that the opinion of the local community could be potentially ignored by the central government under certain circumstances.
176). An effective party will be able to present and carry out programs that they propose. However, if the cynicism of the public and the ineffectiveness of the party system continues to escalate, the nation may eventually witness the disintegration of the two major political parties. The two-party system is an essential part of our national government because if “[reinforces] the constitutional framework within which the voter may without peril exercise his freedom of political choice” (pg. 178).
James Madison, founding father and fourth president of United States wrote the federalists paper number 10 in favor of the constitution. He believes that constitution is the only way to keep balance and control any problem this country faces. He uses faction as an example and talks about how it can cause problems but most importantly how to deal with the problems. He defines faction as groups of people who came together to promote their own interests and opinions. He said that these groups take advantage of the public and violate their rights.
Checks and Balances are intertwined throughout the government precisely for disruptions like this. It acts as a regulator between any origins of supremacy to guarantee no one overrides an opposing authoritative group. Due to these factors, Checks and Balances and Separation of Powers deserve a lengthy reign, for it bears morality and emphasizes reason behind the U.S. Constitution. Separation of Powers is imperative to the functionality of society, the government, and the Constitution because it’s teeming with crucial principles and liberates the nation of tyrants. Absence of this system of government makes documents, such as the Bill of Rights, ineffectual without Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances to fortify its claims.
The Articles of Confederation were put into effect to form some semblance of a central government, to keep peace between the states and to keep individual states from conducting foreign diplomacy on their own. Unfortunately the articles were flawed and gave the existing government little to no power. Federalism was the number one weakness of the Articles of Confederation. Without a separation of powers this type of government was bound to fail. Levying taxes was a much needed change to the Articles of Confederation.
In separation of powers, each branch of government is occupied by officials. The chief executive is selected independently by the congress. This distinguishes the system from the parliamentary government’s democratic arrangement. In a federal system, power is divided between a central nation and the states with their own constitutions. Federalism will work well for a large geographic nation like of U.S, therefore is can be a great remedy for certain democratic problems like economic crisis and the clash between groups with property and those without property.
Voltaire came to a belief in the possibility of a political democracy, however in a restrained version. (Arnold 67). Though when it comes to the question of political democracy, Voltaire demands here are mainly based on specific restraints to individual liberty when it comes to a particular system of justice. This is where the liberty of the individual is understood only in the sense that he is granted certain privileges. Louis XIV had turned France into becoming an extremely hierarchical society with the king at the top and then looking down on everyone else.
Moreover, if the government takes their natural rights away from the people, they have the right to overthrow the government, because those rights are universal and belong to every human being. Locke’s proposed system guards against absolute or arbitrary power by emphasizing the power of unity. While a man may possess higher power than another, not one man alone possesses all the power to rule. When discussing the formation of a government, Locke never ceases to repeat that a government is a “society with others, who are already united, or have a mind to unite”. Locke also determines that the government is a balanced system, and governs by the consent of the people.