In Federalist No. 10, James Madison describes factions as, “a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adversed to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.” The main issues that arise with factions are the following complaints of citizens: that the government is unstable, that the well-being of the public is overlooked in the struggles of opposing parties, and that measures are decided by a superior force of a majority, while ignoring the rules of justice. These complaints by factions are found by some degree to be true, and can only be solved by one of two methods: by removing its causes or by controlling its effects. To remove its causes would be to destroy liberty and to control its effects would be to give to every citizen the same opinions, passions, and interests.
According to James Madison, the factions in his tenure is the number of residents, it was such a large group of people like the majority and minority. These people are a united group and grouped with the same passion and the same interests. The fraction of such other terms of Parties in the early years. This fraction has the same passion and encouragement want to influence other factions to follow them. Fraction is a group of people that aims sort of political goals and
James Madison was born on March 16, 1751 in Port Conway, Virginia. He was the oldest of seven children. In 1762, Madison was sent to boarding school run by Donald Robertson for 5 years straight. His father then decided to pull him out and return him to his estate called Montpelier. Having James Madison Sr. and Nellie Conway Madison as parents, they influenced Madison to attend the college of New Jersey, which is now known as Princeton University.
Led by Alexander Hamilton, constructed secretly at first, the Federalists were the first political party of the United States. Supporters of the Constitution, they attempted to convince the States to validate said document. Hamilton, with John Jay and James Madison- said individuals anonymously published a series of essays known as the Federalist Papers as a response to any argument Anti-Federalists could offer. Both Hamilton and Madison argued against the formation of a Bill of Rights for the Constitution; they argued it would create a "parchment barrier" that limited the rights of the people, as opposed to protecting the common man. They eventually did make the concession and announced a willingness to confront the matter- the series of
16) Thomas Jefferson and the Anti-Federalists believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution, more power to the states, and supported trade with the French. When Hamilton issued the idea of a National Bank, Jefferson opposed it, saying that it was not a specific power given directly in the Constitution. Thomas Jefferson, however, changed his views on strict and loose interpretation of the Constitution when he purchased Louisiana territory. He used a loose interpretation of the Constitution and used treaty-making powers to seal the deal with France. Another principle was the power to the states.
Jefferson v. Hamilton There are many conflicts in the early years of the American politics. There are two famous political parties during the early years of American Independence, and their ideologies were completely opposite. Thomas Jefferson was the third American President from 1801-1809. Alexander Hamilton was the founder of Federalist party and President Washington elected him as a first secretary of the treasurer.
The American nation as forewarned by President Washington was not destined to have two fraction but with the two paths coming about it was inevitable and their came Alexander’s Hamilton who represented the Federalists and Thomas Jefferson leading the Democratic-republicans. The Federalists were mostly bankers, merchants, manufacturers, and bankers; they were well educated and were from the New England and part of the coast. The republican were uneducated and mostly shopkeepers, artisan, backcountry farmers from the interior regions. The federalist wanted a strong central government that would control faction; this group thought of the public as ignorant and incapable of governing themselves.
The Merriam Webster Dictionary defines the Democratic-Republican party as, “of or relating to a major American political party of the early 19th century, favoring a strict interpretation of the Constitution to restrict the powers of the federal government and emphasizing states’ rights”. James Madison was a Democratic-Republican in the fact that he supported states’ rights, a strict interpretation of the constitution, and freedom to speech and press. James Madison thoroughly supported states rights. During his writing of the Bill of Rights, Madison added the last amendment to emphasis the powers states possessed.
The Ninth Amendment states, "The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people". This was meant to stop the government from being able to increase their power, and it was put in as a precautionary measure. When James Madison introduced this amendment, The Anti-Federalist's supported it because they feared having a strong government. The Anti-Federalist's were the ones whom of which demanded a Bill of Rights. They wanted to ensure that the government wouldn’t be another tyrannical one.
Are you a Federalist or an Anti-Federalist? The proportional representation of the people and the government in the pursuit of equality and happiness is thoroughly explained through the Anti-Federalist party. Jackson Turner Main wrote, "to them, the man of 'federal principles' approved of 'federal measures,' which meant those that increased the weight and authority or extended the influence of the Confederation Congress." By stating this he intended to provide the explanation and root of the problem; the egos of both parties, especially federalists were a constant wall blocking the parties from a resolution The Anti-Federalists were composed of many differential elements.