The first was did not seem plausible but there were two ways to remove its reasons of a faction, to destroy liberty or give every citizen the same opinions, and etc. The legislature made by the
On November 22, 1787 James Madison forged the Federalist 10, to instill upon Americans why factions are and would be the ultimate demise of the American government. Although Madison had stated that factions, also known as political parties, were a terrible thing, we have them today, and it is evident that they are a very big dilemma. According to Federalist 10, Madison argued that factions would harm the country, a democracy would encourage factions, and only a republic would alleviate the issue. One of the first ideas that Madison had instilled upon the American people was the idea that factions are dangerous and could be catastrophic to the country. “Inflamed them with mutual animosity, and rendered them much more disposed to vex and oppress each other than to co-operate for their common good.”(Federalist 10) Madison is trying to say that factions are more likely to anger and subdue each other, due to a mutual friction that they have between them.
This shows what a horrific world Winston lives in. Anything that someone thought of had to be in accordance with the party’s regime, anything else would be considered a thoughtcrime and would be punished severely. Considering the mechanisms of control and the possibilities of freedom that follow we will explore the extent to which George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four is a pessimistic and dystopian novel. The first mechanism of control that we will explore is Newspeak. Newspeak is the language that was created and enforced by Big Brother, the controlling party in the novel, to control and restrict the way in which party members think.
Julia’s desires to bring these prohibited items to their meetings, as well as her disinterest in exposing the part indicate that she rebels simply to undermine the party in her own small ways and gain individual freedom. Unlike Winston, whose actions and desires regard both himself and future generations, Julia’s actions stem purely from her own personal desires. By characterizing Julia as interested in individual freedom, Orwell emphasizes, again, the extent to which governments need to control their citizens in order to maintain power. By using these characters to highlight the control of the party, Orwell shows the dangers of totalitarian governments and the extremes to which they will go to maintain
Herbert J. Storing, an Associate Professor of Political Science, in “The Case Against Civil Disobedience,” writes, “One of the practical consequences of this institution [civil disobedience] is to divert disobedience and even revolution into the channel of law” (97). What Storing is saying is that civil disobedience will encourage people to break the laws and they will hide under civil disobedience to avoid the law. Also, civil disobedience might split society by creating disagreements with the people, and it could create a political instability. However, Storing fails to see that those who break an unjust law, as discussed above, do not avoid the law, in fact they show respect to the law as they willingly accept the consequences. By accepting the consequences, they show that they are not acting for their own interests but for society’s.
Locke stands firm in the belief that people can incite a revolution against their government when it begins to work against what is in the best interest of the populace (Locke, p. 112). He places limits on these actions - such as what a conqueror is entitled to and what would justify as tyrannical behavior - but still justifies the right to instigate a shift political power. On the other hand, Hobbes finds private discourse against one’s sovereign to a disease (p. 197). He finds contempt in the populace under the sovereign, noting that most of were incapable of understanding the inner mechanisms powering the sovereign (p. 207). By deeming the collective population incompetent and likening their anti-governmental chatter to a plague, it is not a reach to assume Hobbes would not prescribe a right to revolution.
He says that "a monarchy is terrible, and to have a king is not only an unsuccessful way to rule a nation, but it is also a sin." Paine undermines the king in his writing by using rhetorical devices to help destroy America 's loyalty to the king. The monarchy can make anything look appealing
James Madison states that there are two methods of removing the causes of factions that exist. The first method is by “destroying the liberty” of individuals (Federalist #10). The second method to removing the causes of factions that Madison describes is by bestowing in every citizen identical “opinions, passions and interests” (Federalist #10), or essentially making every individual equal. James Madison explains that if these two methods of removing factions are used, then the basis of the American system, which emphasizes freedom and liberty, is breached.
Thus causing even more conflict, especially amongst those not in the South. Another controversial issue was federalism because Marshall gave the national government a vast amount of power over state 's rights, and Taney believed more in giving power to the state rather than the national government. In addition, this is when outside groups started forming and lobbying their influence over government decisions, whether it is pertaining to slavery, rights, or economic interests. James Madison regarded “factions” or interest groups with concern when authoring segments of the Federalist Papers. The problem he envisioned was that eliminating them from the political scene was a threat to democratic principles, a cure worse than the disease.
Deprived from their self-consciousness, the citizens would turn into clockwork oranges. Our major external conflict is society’s desire to order and the individualism that comes from human nature. Right of deciding your own choices is a problem when those choices threaten the society and government. However, if we take people’s ability to use this right, the result would be equally horrible. The necessity of evil in human nature was one of the major themes in the book as well.
Many Americans as well as Republicans felt it conflicted with the Constitution and encroached on the states’ rights which were seen as being unconstitutional. Jefferson once again disproved of their ideas and by passing the sedition acts into law, an assault on the 10th amendment. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison wrote the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1798 to protest against The Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798. They asked the people of the states to reject the national government because it was viewed as acting on implied powers, which were once again leading them back to a sovereign government. The foundations as well as principles that America was founded on were being disgracefully misconstrued.