James Madison opposes another paper entitled “Federalist Number 51”. This paper addresses issues on liberty, the structure of the government, and the branches of the government. Madison wanted to assure that all branches have the same amount of power and authority in order to gain independence in a particular branch. As citizens, we are supposed to elect the president, the legislators, and the judges. However, the judicial system does not work that way.
Each branch has its own certain powers. The framers separated these powered because they did not want any one branch of government to become too powerful. The legislature’s chief purpose or main power is to make the laws. Being the biggest branch, the legislative branch is split into two houses to keep it from becoming too powerful. The executive branch executes the law and is made up of the President, Vice-President, and the United States Departments.
The Senate is composed of two senators (representatives) from each state this gives everyone a more equal opportunity to get what they want. Although larger states have more of an advantage in the House of Representatives the other branches have the ability to keep the legislative branch in check if there were to be any tyranny occurring. The Constitution guards against tyranny in 4 ways: federalism, separation of power, checks and balances, and large and small states. Without these things America would be under tyranny. Allowing someone to have all the power is dangerous for a nation in the sense that they will be most likely be making decisions to benefit themselves as opposed to the whole country’s needs.
US History Test #2 The United States Constitution responded effectively to the weaknesses of the Article of Confederation, and provided important “checks” on power distributed among the three branches within the new, more powerful federal government. The Articles of Confederation left out very important powers that were later added in the United states Constitution like “Checks and Balances” which allow the three branches to almost have equal power. Each of the branches have the power to keep a bill from becoming a law. These “Checks” can also be a bad thing when a government becomes gridlocked. Gridlocked means that the government cannot pass any laws because the branches are all split on their decisions.
The documents they drafted were contracts that defined the powers of government, as did the old colonial charters, but they drew their authority from the people, not from the royal seal of a distant king. As written documents the state constitutions were intended to represent a fundamental law, superior to the transient whims of ordinary legislation. Most of these documents included bills of rights, specifically guaranteeing long-prized liberties against later legislative encroachment. Most of them required the annual election of legislators, who were thus forced to stay in touch with the mood of the people. All of them deliberately created weak executive and judicial branches, at least by present-day standards.
The Article of Confederation is the America’s first written constitution, which was written by the continental congress. The Article of Confederation was ratified in 1781 until the adoption of the constitution in 1789. Although the Article of Confederation and constitution were two of the most prominent document to manifest during the American revolution, this Article of Confederation gave way for a better and stronger government. The two documents were both created by the same people. These two documents shaped the U.S government into what it is today.
The national government protects the whole nation and holds the nation together, regulating things that states cannot regulate. But on the other hand, the national government does not do everything that needs to be done, states can still do many things, do them differently from other states, and the national government cannot interfere. Federalism was put into the constitution because the Articles allowed the Continental Congress the power to sign treaties and declare war, but failed to
Madison case, the outcome could and would have been completely different. The decision he made of ruling in favor of James Madison, rather than William Marbury, was absolute brilliance. Even though he disagreed with Madison and believed Marbury deserved the appointment of a justice, he still had to rule against Marbury because this was the only way to establish the principle of judicial review, one of the most important parts of the system of checks and balances. The three branches of our government would not be equal without the court having such a power. Today, it is accepted that the supreme court will evaluate the federal laws and the acts of the executive and legislative branches.
The power of the government was most equally distributed amongst the people, states and central government, decreasing the possibility of tyranny. A stable democracy with its inalienable rights also protected the citizens from losing their rights in the event of the formation fo a tyrannical government. However, the government increased the chances for a tyranny to occur through the elastic clause and Gerrymandering. While the Constitution did include stable democraces, inalienable rights and power divisions, all of which protect against tyranny, Gerrymandering and the Elastic Clause allow for tyranny to occur. The colonists created a system in which the government had limited power but enough to maintain the country while the states and the people received equally limited power as well.
In America, many people did not like the ways the government was doing things. Most citizens wanted political parties, so they could side with the government they liked. The Federalists opposed in political parties. They believed it would have divided the nation . The Federalist party is a stronger party for presidency because it stays neutral in foreign affairs, has a strong government, and is able to fix national debt problems.
As he explains in the paper, people are not perfect, so a government is needed. A government would not be necessary if people were perfect, but due to imperfection of people, control is needed inside and out of the government. Madison suggests that a separation of powers within the government is to keep watch on the other departments, and while this is occurring, no department has an equal amount of self-defense. Each department will have its own set of actions and will be appointed by different methods of election. Madison held that independent departments can seldom have connection to each other, while they do have a connection to the
“The Federalist Papers” were a series of 85 articles from 1787-1788. James Madison, James Jay and Alexander Hamilton are the authors and the three of them wrote about how the new government will work and why the idea of a new government would be beneficial to the United States. The authors signed the articles under the name “Publius” in honor of the Roman aristocrat Publius Valerius Publicola because they hoped the he would be credited in the founding of the American Republic. One of the articles’ major topics was idea of having a state constitution and why it is so important for America to have one. “The Anti-Federalist Papers” was also a series of 85 articles.
One of these rough patches was the Articles of Confederation, which taught us that a balance of power is of great importance. We abandoned the Articles of Confederation and adopted a new Constitution because of State powers, and lack of Congressional powers. The fear of a Central Government like Great Britain led The United States away from having such a strong Central Government. So the States were given autonomy to make most decisions & have many powers under early American Government. The States could never be enforced to do anything, except for war and closing borders, the States could
After declaring of independence from Britain in 1777, the representatives, who participated the Constitutional Congress meetings in 1774, formed together to create the Congress. Power within the Congress believed that creating an official document, a constitution specifically, will create a timeless guide for a beneficial and successful government system for the United States. Not only will that document bring peace between all of the current thirteen-states, but for also the future of America. The first constitution that was officially agreed on was the Articles of Confederation. the Article of Confederation, however, was not as successful as many had thought during the first time it was written.
In 1787–88, Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison wrote The Federalist Papers, a series of letters defending the new Constitution. A classic commentary on U.S. constitutional law and the principles of government, approximately three-quarters of the papers are attributable to Hamilton, who also secured New York 's ratification of the Constitution.